Caerau, Cardiff

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Caerau
Western Lesiure Centre Cardiff.JPG
Western Leisure Centre
Caerau is located in Cardiff
Caerau
Caerau
 Caerau shown within Cardiff
Population 10,189 (2001)
Community Caerau
Principal area Cardiff
Ceremonial county South Glamorgan
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CARDIFF
Postcode district CF5
Dialling code 029
Police South Wales
Fire South Wales
Ambulance Welsh
EU Parliament Wales
UK Parliament Cardiff West
Welsh Assembly Cardiff West
List of places
UK
Wales
Cardiff

Coordinates: 51°28′25″N 3°14′44″W / 51.473611°N 3.245556°W / 51.473611; -3.245556

Caerau is a community in the west of Cardiff, capital city of Wales. It is often considered part of Wenvoe. Heol Trelai is the main road or avenue, lined with large trees and shrubbery. Dominated mostly by private housing, it has the Western Leisure Centre, supermarkets, schools and churches (the historic parish church of St. Mary is now in an advanced state of ruin).

Caerau also has successful rugby and football clubs, Caerau Rugby Football Club that has won the Mallet Cup in 2000 and 2007 and Caerau Football Club that was formed in 1955 and has become one of the most successful clubs in Cardiff.

History[edit]

Caerau, named after the Welsh word for 'Fort', sits at the base of a hill slope on the edge of Cardiff, it officially became part of Cardiff in 1922. Many homes and schools were built on the old racecourse, although enough of it was preserved to become Trelai Park. The remains of an Iron Age hill fort overlook the modern housing estate, though much reduced in size, the earthworks remain clearly visible. At the summit, a wooden palisade would have provided cover for defenders to bombard their enemy with stones. In 1894, a Roman villa was discovered on the Racecourse and excavations were carried out in 1922. The results showed several outbuildings and bathing facilities used to exist there.

Archeological discoveries[edit]

In 2012, Caerau hillfort underwent a dig by British archaeological television programme Time Team to investigate Iron Age Caerau.

Time Team's research showed that the site consists of a substantial hilltop surrounded by multi-vallate earthworks (rings of banks and ditches) that have been cut through at the southeastern extent by a major road. It also uncovered that Caerau was likely a tribal capital for the Silures, who were powerful local people who strongly resisted Roman incursions into their land. The dig unearthed pottery and armoury that dated back to 1,000 B.C.

Politics[edit]

Caerau electoral ward in Cardiff

The electoral ward of Caerau falls within the parliamentary constituency of Cardiff West. It is bounded by Ely to the northwest; Canton to the northeast; and the Vale of Glamorgan to the south. Caerau is represented by Labour councillors Peter Bradbury and Elaine Simmons.

Transport[edit]

The district is on Cardiff Bus's Capital City Red bus route, with high frequency articulated buses operating on routes 17 (Ely /Canton /Central Stn) and 18 (Canton/Central Stn) through Caerau. Services 12 (Canton/Central Stn/Splott/Tremorfa) and 13 (Culverhouse Cross/Drope/Ely) also run along Cowbridge Road West (A48), along the very northern edge of Caerau, which is the main road for the area, linking it to Culverhouse Cross to the west and Ely, Canton and the city centre to the east.

Amenities[edit]

Caerau features numerous shopping parades. Two large supermarkets (Aldi and Farmfoods) are located just off Cowbridge Road West on nearby Treseder Way, Caerau. The area also has a large Lidl store and a small Lloyds Pharmacy on Careau Lane. Other amenities include a laundrette, pet supply store and multiple newspaper and convenience stores.

Education[edit]

St Mary's Church, Caerau

Primary Schools in Caerau:

  • Millbank Primary School
  • Pencaerau Primary School
  • Trelai Primary School
  • Ysgol Gymraeg Nant Caerau

Secondary Schools in Caerau:

Notable people[edit]

External links[edit]