Caesonia (gens)

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The gens Caesonia was the name of two unrelated Roman families. The first was a plebeian family at Rome who emerged during the late Republic and extended into early imperial times.[1] The second were an Italian equestrian family who emerged during the second century AD.

Origin of the gens[edit]

The nomen Caesonius is a patronymic surname, based on the praenomen Caeso, which must have belonged to the ancestor of the gens.[2] The second and third century Caesonii were probably not related to the Republican gens; an equestrian family, it has been speculated that the later Caesonii had Italic roots, possibly hailing from Antium.[3] Sometime during the reign of the Severan Dynasty, the family had been elevated to Patrician status.

Members of the gens[edit]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, William Smith, Editor.
  2. ^ George Davis Chase, "The Origin of Roman Praenomina", in Harvard Studies in Classical Philology, vol. VIII (1897).
  3. ^ Mennen, Inge, Power and Status in the Roman Empire, AD 193-284 (2011), pgs. 55-56
  4. ^ Publius Cornelius Tacitus, Annales, xv. 72.
  5. ^ Marcus Valerius Martialis, Epigrams, vii. 44.

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1870). "article name needed". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.