Café au lait spot

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Café au lait spot
Classification and external resources
CALSpot.jpg
A café au lait spot on a patient's left cheek.
ICD-10 L81.3
ICD-9 709.09
DiseasesDB 16118
eMedicine ped/2754
MeSH D019080

Café au lait spots or café au lait macules are pigmented birthmarks.[1] The name café au lait is French for "coffee with milk" and refers to their light-brown color. They are also called "giraffe spots" or "coast of Maine spots".[2]

Etiology[edit]

Neurofibromatosis type I café au lait spot

Café au lait spots can arise from diverse and unrelated causes:[3][4]

Diagnosis[edit]

Diagnosis is visual with measurement of spot size and count of number of spots having clinical significance for diagnosis of associated disorders such as Neurofibromatosis type I. Usually, more than 6 spots more than 3 cm in diameter indicates NF1.

Prognosis[edit]

Café au lait spots are benign and do not cause any ailment themselves.

Treatment[edit]

They can be treated with lasers.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Plensdorf S, Martinez J (January 2009). "Common pigmentation disorders". American Family Physician 79 (2): 109–16. PMID 19178061. 
  2. ^ coast of Maine spots - General Practice Notebook
  3. ^ "Cafe Au Lait Spots", by William D James, MD
  4. ^ Cafe Au Lait Spots
  5. ^ Arnsmeier, Sheryl L.; Riccardi, Vincent M.; Paller, Amy S. (1994). "Familial Multiple Cafe au lait Spots". Arch Dermatol. 130 (11): 1425–1426. PMID 7979446. 
  6. ^ Whyte, M. P.; Podgornik, M. N.; Zerega, J.; Reinus, W. R. (2000). "Café-au-lait spots caused by vitiligo in McCune-Albright syndrome". J Bone Miner Res. 15 (12): 2521–2523. doi:10.1359/jbmr.2000.15.12.2521. PMID 11127218. 
  7. ^ Scheinfeld, Noah S.; et al. (2011). "Laser Treatment of Benign Pigmented Lesions". MedScape Reference. 

External links[edit]