Café Filho

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João Café Filho
Café Filho.jpg
18th President of Brazil
In office
August 24, 1954 – November 9, 1955
Vice President vacant
Preceded by Getúlio Vargas
Succeeded by Carlos Luz
15th Vice-President of Brazil
In office
January 31, 1951 – August 24, 1954
President Getúlio Vargas
Preceded by Nereu Ramos
Succeeded by João Goulart
Personal details
Born João Fernandes Campos Café Filho
(1899-02-03)February 3, 1899
Natal, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil
Died February 20, 1970(1970-02-20) (aged 71)
Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Nationality Brazilian
Political party National Labour Party - PTN

João Fernandes Campos Café Filho (Portuguese: [ˈjuɐ̃w feɾˈnɐ̃dis ˈkɐ̃pus kaˈfɛ ˈfiʎu]; 1899–1970) was a Brazilian politician. Born in Natal, Rio Grande do Norte state, Café Filho was a journalist and federal deputy, elected vice-president in 1950, under Getúlio Vargas. Following the Vargas suicide in 1954, Café Filho assumed the presidency. Two months before the end of his term (which was due to expire on January 31, 1956), he temporarily withdrew from leadership of the government, citing poor health. Later he tried to resume his post, but was prevented from doing so by the Congress and the military, who suspected that he would not allow the president-elect Juscelino Kubitschek to take the oath of office. An Evangelical Christian, he was the first Protestant to become President of Brazil and the first President of Brazil to be born a citizen of the República Velha.


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Political offices
Preceded by
Getúlio Vargas
President of Brazil
Succeeded by
Carlos Luz