Cahaba River National Wildlife Refuge
|Cahaba River National Wildlife Refuge|
IUCN category IV (habitat/species management area)
Cahaba lilies in bloom along the river within the refuge.
|Location||Bibb County, Alabama, USA|
|Nearest city||West Blocton, Alabama|
|Area||3,414 acres (13 km²)|
|Governing body||U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service|
The Cahaba River National Wildlife Refuge is a 3,577 acre (14.4 km²) National Wildlife Refuge located in central Alabama, along the Cahaba River downstream from Birmingham, Alabama. The refuge was established on September 25, 2002. Additional purchases were approved that will potentially increase the size of the refuge to 7,300 acres (29.5 km²). Additional negotiations propose an expansion to a potential 280,000 acres (1,100 km2), most of which currently belongs to private landowners. The facility is unstaffed, but is administered by the Mountain Longleaf National Wildlife Refuge in Anniston, Alabama.
The refuge extends from just north of the confluence of the Little Cahaba and Cahaba Rivers to the Piper Bridge in Bibb county, approximately five miles east of West Blocton, Alabama. Approximately 3.5 miles (6 km) of the Cahaba River flow through the refuge. The refuge lies at the far southeastern end of the Appalachian mountain chain.
Cahaba River National Wildlife Refuge is a critical habitat for the endangered Cahaba shiner, goldline darter, round rocksnail, and cylindrical lioplax. There are also 64 other rare plant and animal species within its borders. It is home to Hymenocallis coronaria, a threatened plant species known in Alabama as the Cahaba lily. Its abundant presence here is one of the reasons for the creation of the refuge.
The refuge provides opportunities for fishing, canoeing, hiking, photography, and wildlife observation.
- Markwith, Scott H.; Scanlon, Michael J. (May 11, 2006). "Multiscale analysis of Hymenocallis coronaria (Amaryllidaceae) genetic diversity, genetic structure, and gene movement under the influence of unidirectional stream flow". American Journal of Botany. Botanical Society of America. Retrieved October 1, 2012.
- Cahaba River National Wildlife Refuge