Cai Tingkai

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Cai Tingkai
蔡廷鍇
Cai Tingkai2.jpg
Cai Tingkai (In 1932)
Born 1892
Died 1968
Allegiance Flag of the Republic of China Republic of China
Flag of the People's Republic of China People's Republic of China
Rank General
Commands held 19th Route Army
This is a Chinese name; the family name is Cai.

Cai Tingkai (simplified Chinese: 蔡廷锴; traditional Chinese: 蔡廷鍇; pinyin: Cài Tíngkǎi; Wade–Giles: Ts'ai T'ing-k'ai; 1892–1968) was a Chinese general.

Cai was in overall command of the 19th Route Army of the Republic of China's National Revolutionary Army and other Chinese forces responsible for holding off the Imperial Japanese Army during the Shanghai War of 1932 on 28 January 1932.

In November 1933, Cai and fellow 19th Route Army officer Li Jishen rebelled against the ruling Kuomintang regime and, with Jiang Guangnai, they established the Fujian People's Government, on 22 November 1933. However the rebellion, known as the Fujian Incident, did not receive Communist support and, on 21 January 1934, it was defeated by the Kuomintang and Cai was forced to leave China for several years.

Later, in the Second Sino-Japanese War (World War II), Cai offered to return to command and returned to command the 26th Army Group in the Battle of South Guangxi.[1] He also traveled to the United States to gain support from Chinese Americans for the war effort.

During the final stages of the Chinese Civil War, Cai supported the Chinese Communists and was a signer of the "Proclamation of the Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China" of 1 October 1949.[2]

Cai was originally interred at the Beijing Babaoshan Revolutionary Cemetery but, since 1997, his remains have been at the Memorial Mausoleum of the Martyrs of Nineteenth Route Army in the Battle Against Japanese Aggressors at North Shanghai.

Military career[edit]

  • 1927 - 1930 General Officer Commanding 10th Division
  • 1930 - 1933 General Officer Commanding 19th Route Army
  • 1939 - 1940 Commander in Chief 16th Army Group
  • 1940 - 1945 Commander in Chief 26th Army Group

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ John Gunther (1939). Inside Asia. Harper & Brothers. p. 269. Retrieved 2011-06-04. 
  2. ^ "Proclamation of the Central People's Government of the PRC" at Selected Works of Mao Tse-tung website. Accessed 20 February 2007.

References[edit]

  • "Cai Tingkai" at The Generals of World War II website
  • Hsu Long-hsuen and Chang Ming-kai, History of The Sino-Japanese War (1937–1945) 2nd Ed., 1971. Translated by Wen Ha-hsiung, Chung Wu Publishing; 33, 140th Lane, Tung-hwa Street, Taipei, Taiwan Republic of China.