|Native to||Guizhou, China|
|Native speakers||1,000 (2004)|
|ISO 639-3||None (
Caijia (Chinese: 蔡家话) is an endangered Sino-Tibetan language of Guizhou province of China discovered in the 2000s. Its classification is unclear. It may be related to Bai. The autonym is men˧˩ni˧.
The Caijia people are ethnoculturally related to the Lu (卢) people (Luren 卢人), who are classified as Manchu by the Chinese government. It is possible that their languages are closely related. Caijia is also likely to be closely related to the language of the Longjia (龙家). All three are located in western Guizhou province.
Ethnic subdivisions of the Caijia people include the Black 黑, White 白, Qingshangshui 青上水, Xiashui 下水, Hanzhan 捍毡, Zhuazhua 抓抓, Datou 大头, Qianqiaoba 乾乔巴, Laohu 老虎, Luoluo 倮倮, Xuejiao 削角 (Xieguo 写果), and Jiandao 剪刀.
Caijia speakers are distributed in the following locations (Bo Wenze 2004).
- Lijiazhai, Xinying Village, Xingfa Township, Hezhang County 赫章县兴发乡新营村李家寨
- Caijiayuan, Yakou Village, Songlinpo Township, Hezhang County 赫章县松林坡乡垭口村蔡家园
- Lijiagou, Kele Township, Hezhang County 赫章县可乐乡李家沟
- Xinfa Township, Weining County 威宁县新发乡
- Caijiayuan, Shuchang Township, Shuicheng County 水城鼠场蔡家园
In Zhijin County, Guizhou, Caijia people are called Silie 斯列 by the local Miao and Awuna 阿乌纳 by the local Yi (Zhijin County Almanac 1997:166). Yinajia District 以那架区 has the most ethnic Caijia in Zhijin.
- Guizhou County Gazetteer: Ethnic Gazetteer [贵州省志. 民族志] (2002). Guiyang: Guizhou Ethnic Publishing House [貴州民族出版社].
- Bo Wenze (2004). 蔡家话概况. 北京大学外国语学院东语系.
- Bo Wenze [薄文泽]. 2004. "A Brief Introduction of Caijia Speech [蔡家话概况]". Minzu Yuwen. http://d.wanfangdata.com.cn/periodical_mzyw200402012.aspx
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