Caiman (genus)

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Caimans
Caiman yacare.jpg
Yacare caiman, Caiman yacare
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Superorder: Crocodylomorpha
Order: Crocodilia
Family: Alligatoridae
Clade: Jacarea
Genus: Caiman
Spix, 1825
Type species
Caiman fissipes
Spix, 1825
Synonyms
  • Jacaretinga Spix, 1825
  • Champsa Wagler, 1830
  • Jacare Gray, 1844

Caimans are alligatorid crocodylians within the subfamily Caimaninae. Caimans inhabit Central and South America. They are relatively small crocodilians, with most species reaching lengths of only a few meters, although one species, the black caiman, can exceed 4 m (13 ft) in length.[1]

Taxonomy[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Brochu, C. A. (1999). "Phylogenetics, Taxonomy, and Historical Biogeography of Alligatoroidea". Society of Vertebrate Paleontology Memoir 6: 9–100. doi:10.2307/3889340. JSTOR 3889340. 
  2. ^ Daniel Costa Fortiera y Ascanio Daniel Rincón (2012). Pleistocene crocodylians from Venezuela, and the description of a new species of Caiman. Quaternary International. In press, DOI:dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2012.03.018.