Caio Fernando Abreu

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Caio Fernando Loureiro de Abreu (September 12, 1948 – February 25, 1996), best known as Caio Fernando Abreu is one of the most influential and original Brazilian writers of the 1970s and 1980s.[1] Caio F., as he habitually signed his letters,[2] was born in Santiago do Boqueirão in the state of Rio Grande do Sul in 1948, and died in Porto Alegre in 1996.[3]

Abreu studied at the Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul but abandoned academia before graduating to write for pop culture magazines such as Revista Nova, Revista Manchete, Revista Veja and Revista Pop. He was a prolific journalist and literary writer. He wrote short stories, novels, chronicles or crônicas, drama, and he also maintained throughout his life an extensive correspondence with other writers and artists, family and friends.[4]

In 1968 Abreu was put on the wanted list by the DOPS or the Departamento de Ordem Política e Social, a repressive branch of the Brazilian government that operated during years when the repressive military regime was in power, but found refuge at the country estate of Brazilian writer Hilda Hilst, located near the city of Campinas, in state of São Paulo. During the early '70s he spent one year in self-exile in Europe, spending time in England, Sweden, France, the Netherlands and in Spain.

In 1983 he relocated from his native Porto Alegre, the capital of Rio Grande do Sul, to the city of Rio de Janeiro; and in 1985 he moved to the city of São Paulo. Abreu then return again to France in 1994 where he found out that he was HIV positive. That same year he returned home to Porto Alegre permanently to live with his parents. He enjoyed gardening before dying there two years later.

Caio Fernando Abreu’s Identities[edit]

Caio Fernando Abreu literature is a testimony of the culture, society and politics of Brazil in the 1970s and 1980s.[5] As a journalist, he was an active cultural actor, writing reviews and chronicles for a number of Brazilian popular magazines. As a fictional writer, Abreu introduced new identities into the realm of Brazilian literature. His narratives come from the subjectivity of a bisexual man in his mid-forties who has AIDS.[6] In Os dragões não conhecem o paraíso (Dragons), his most famous book of short stories, the majority of characters are either gay or they act as if they are.[7] Examples of such identities are drag queens, gay teenagers, bisexual men, and other individuals whose sexualities and gender identities reside in the periphery of society. A number of literary critics have noted Abreu’s attempt to create a Brazilian queer identity using the figures of monsters or dragons. The characters of books such as Os dragões não conhecem o paraíso (1988), Onde andará Dulce Vega (1990) and Morangos mofados (1982) live and function in the periphery of society, they are in many ways equivalent to queer characters in North American literary traditions.[8]

Brazilian cultural identity in Caio Fernando Abreu's writings is anything but a fixed, essential entity, pure from foreign contamination.[9] Abreu is a camp writer since his works are full of examples of queer sensibility, and of multiple appropriations of mainstream heterosexual society into queer narratives.[10] His literature is inspired by writers like Clarice Lispector and Julio Cortázar but also by Brazilian Popular Music MPB, Afro Brazilian music, Hollywood films, and North American literature and music. Abreu’s Brazil is urban, queer, corrupt, isolated, but his main concern is the human existence in an urban setting.[11]

Caio Fernando Abreu’s style of confessional literature captures his personal fears, hopes, sentiments and desires but, at the same time, his voice is both individual and collective.[12] Caio Fernando Abreu also introduced the topic of AIDS into Brazilian literature. The discourse of AIDS was already present in Abreu’s writing from the beginning of the epidemic in the 1980s.[13] He is, along with Cazuza and Renato Russo, one of the most recognize Brazilian artists to have died of AIDS.[14]

Abreu's work in film[edit]

Two of Abreu's short stories has been made into film: Aqueles Dois was made into a 1983 feature film directed by Sergio Amon and Sargento Garcia was made into a 2000 short film directed by Tutti Gregianin. Over the years, "Aqueles Dois" has enjoyed several theatre adaptations.[15] His novel Onde Andará Dulce Veiga was also made into a feature film, released in Brazil in 2007 and directed by Caio's friend Guilherme de Almeida Prado. Abreu has also written the screenplay for Sergio Bianchi's 1988 feature Romance.[16]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Inventário do irremediável Brazil (1970, 1995).
  • Limite branco Brazil (1971, 1984, 1992).
  • O ovo apunhalado Brazil (1975, 1984, 1992).
  • Pedras de Calcutá Brazil (1977, 1995).
  • Morangos mofados Brazil (1982, 1995, 2005).
  • Triângulo das águas Brazil, Prêmio Jabuti - 1983 (1983, 1993).
  • As frangas Brazil, (1988).
  • Os dragões não conhecem o paraíso Brazil, Prêmio Jabuti - 1988 (1988).
  • A maldição do Vale Negro Brazil, Molière Price by Air France - 1988 (1988).
  • Onde andará Dulce Veiga? (Whatever happened to Dulce Veiga?- A B novel[17] Brazil (1990).
  • Bien loin de Marienbad France (1994).
  • Ovelhas negras Brazil (1995).
  • Mel & girassóis Brazil (1996).
  • Teatro completo Brazil (1997).
  • Cartas (Caio Fernando Abreu & Ítalo Moriconi), Brazil (2002).
Theater
  • O homem e a mancha
  • Zona contaminada
Translation
  • A arte da guerra by Sun Tzu (Caio Fernando Abreu & Miriam Paglia), (1995).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Abreu, Caio Fernando. 2005. Caio 3D. Rio de Janeiro, RJ: Agir.
  2. ^ Abreu, Caio Fernando. 2002. Cartas, ed. Italo Moriconi. Rio de Janeiro: Aeroplano Editora.
  3. ^ Abreu, Caio Fernando. 2005. Caio 3D. Rio de Janeiro, RJ: Agir
  4. ^ Dip, Paula. 2009. Para sempre teu, caio F. : Cartas, conversas, memórias de caio fernando abreu, ed. Caio Fernando Abreu. Rio de Janeiro: Editora Record.
  5. ^ Abreu, Caio Fernando. 2005. Caio 3D. Rio de Janeiro, RJ: Agir.
  6. ^ Writing after Paradise and before a Possible Dream: Brazil's Caio Fernando Abreu Fernando Arenas Luso-Brazilian Review Vol. 36, No. 2 (Winter, 1999), pp. 13-21 Published by: University of Wisconsin Press Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3513651
  7. ^ Literatura e homoerotismo: A perspectiva queer em Morangos mofados, de Caio Fernando Abreu by Calegari, Lizandro Carlos Content Type Journal Article Publication Title Luso-Brazilian Review Publisher University of Wisconsin Press
  8. ^ Writing after Paradise and before a Possible Dream: Brazil's Caio Fernando Abreu Fernando Arenas Luso-Brazilian Review Vol. 36, No. 2 (Winter, 1999), pp. 13-21 Published by: University of Wisconsin Press Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3513651
  9. ^ Writing after Paradise and before a Possible Dream: Brazil's Caio Fernando Abreu Fernando Arenas Luso-Brazilian Review Vol. 36, No. 2 (Winter, 1999), pp. 13-21 Published by: University of Wisconsin Press Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3513651
  10. ^ Leal, Bruno Souza. 2002. Caio fernando abreu, a metrópole e a paixão do estrangeiro : Contos, identidade e sexualidade em trânsito. 1a ed. ed. São Paulo: Annablume.
  11. ^ Abreu, Caio Fernando. 2005. Caio 3D. Rio de Janeiro, RJ: Agir.
  12. ^ Dip, Paula. 2009. Para sempre teu, caio F. : Cartas, conversas, memórias de caio fernando abreu, ed. Caio Fernando Abreu. Rio de Janeiro: Editora Record.
  13. ^ Abreu, Caio Fernando. 2005. Caio 3D. Rio de Janeiro, RJ: Agir.
  14. ^ Abreu, Caio Fernando. 2005. Caio 3D. Rio de Janeiro, RJ: Agir.
  15. ^ "CCBB Rio". Theatre Company. 
  16. ^ IMDb
  17. ^ University of Texas Press, 2001. Translated by Adria Frizzi. http://www.utexas.edu/utpress/books/abrwha.html

External links[edit]