Cairde na hÉireann
Cairde na hÉireann's logo consisting of an Irish Republican symbol.
|Motto||Dont wish for a United Ireland, work for it!|
|Type||Irish Republicanism, Irish Free State,
|Purpose||A 32 County Socialist and a Republican United Ireland.|
|Affiliations||Sinn Féin, Scottish Republican Socialist Movement|
Cairde na hÉireann (Irish: Friends of Ireland) is a republican organisation in Scotland best known for the annual James Connolly march through the streets of Edinburgh and for the Bloody Sunday march each January in Glasgow, both of which no longer take place. Since then the organisation has focused more in its anti-racism campaign and its other stated aims.
Membership of Cairde na hÉireann is open to anyone regardless of faith, race, sex, sexuality, or nationality. The stated aims of Cairde na hÉireann are to:
- campaign for a united Ireland;
- support sister organisations in Ireland;
- promote a new Ireland based on the principles of justice and equality;
- support initiatives aimed at improving the material conditions of the Irish community in Scotland
- campaign against racism and sectarianism.
The group in a submission to the Scottish Executive estimated in 2005 that it represents around 2,000 people, including 300 from the James Connolly society and a number of flute bands with between 20 and 50 members each. 3,000 people had attended their recent marches in Coatbridge.
Their former national organiser Jim Slaven is also secretary of the Edinburgh-based James Connolly Society. Slavin was an active campaigner on behalf of the three IRA suspects sentenced in their absence to 17 years for aiding terrorists in Colombia - the Colombia Three. He was fined £350 and jailed for 14 days after refusing to pay after conviction for inciting people to attack police officers and resisting arrest in 1993 at an illegal march. Slavin resigned from the organisation in December 2007 to pursue other opportunities outside politics.
Cairde na hÉireann split from the West of Scotland Band Alliance (WoSBA) in 2004. The WoSBA are now considered as Dissident Irish Republican Supporters (as supporters of the 32CSM, the political wing of the Real IRA) and it is not a recognised organisation in the eyes of Sinn Féin.
In their first official statement to An Phoblacht (Republican News, Sinn Féin's official monthly press release) Cairde na hÉireann have said that their main aim is to concentrate on building a political base that would prove itself in the Scottish Parliament.
They are organised throughout Scotland and northern England. They have demonstrations and marches all over Scotland and use these events as a platform to spread their pro-Irish nationalist message.
The organisation has been involved in discussions with the Scottish Executive over proposals to restrict and regulate marches in Scotland. Slavin was quoted as saying "I think vetoes and banning marches is not the solution, I think dialogue is a solution and coming to an understanding".
A Cairde na hÉireann march in Glasgow on 21 January 2006 attracted police criticism. The parade was delayed for 30 minutes "as, contrary to permission conditions, there were groups dressed in paramilitary-style clothing". In addition, concerning protests during the parade, Strathclyde Police stated "Many of those taking part in the procession clearly antagonised the protesters".
In October 2006, a Cairde na hÉireann march was banned from going through Ayr by South Ayrshire Council after police complaints. It was reported the march was banned after the previous year’s procession when marchers produced banners declaring “justice for Peter McBride”, in reference to a man killed in Northern Ireland by Ayr soldier James Fisher. They also distributed posters informing the people of Ayr they should be ashamed to have a murderer living among them. Ayr MSP Phil Gallie, who opposed the march, said: “I feel that justice has been done here because this group basically lied to the police last year and therefore cannot be trusted. We simply can’t have people slating our own servicemen and women on their own doorstep.”
- Review of Marches and Parades in Scotland Scottish Executive Publications, January 2005
- Allardyce, Jason (13 February 2005). "IRA supporter invited to bigotry summit". The Sunday Times (London). Retrieved 2006-10-19.
- Lowe 2013, p. 48.
- Parade consultation plan 'a sham' BBC News website, 14 November 2005
- Republican March - Saturday 21 January 2006 Strathclyde Police website, January 2006
- Irish Republican march in Ayr is banned Ayrshire Post, 18 October 2006