Cairo Metro Line 2

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     Line 2
Shobra El Kheima - El Mounib
Cairo metro logo2012.svg
Egypt.Cairo.Metro.04.jpg
Attaba station
Overview
Native name الخط الثاني
Type Rapid transit
System Cairo Metro
Status Operational
Locale Cairo
Termini El Mounib
Shubra el Kheima
Stations 20
Daily ridership 895 thousand (FY 2009/2010)[1]
Operation
Opening 1996
Owner National Authority for Tunnels (Egyptian state)[2]
Operator(s) Cairo Metro - The Egyptian Co. for Metro Management & Operation[3]
Character Mixed[4]
2 Stations Elevated
6 Staions At-grade
12 Staions Underground
Technical
Line length 21.6 km (13.42162 mi)[4]
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Electrification third rail
Operating speed 100 km/h (62 mph)

Cairo Metro Line 2 is the second line of the Cairo Metro in Cairo, Egypt.

History[edit]

Cairo's metro network was greatly expanded in the mid-1990s with the building of Line 2 (red), from Shoubra-El-Kheima to Cairo University, with an extension to Giza.

It is the first line in history to have a tunnel going under the Nile.[5][6] The tunnel under the Nile is 8.35m in internal diameter and was constructed using two Herenknecht bentonite slurry shield TBMs, which are 9.43m in diameter.[5] Extending 21.5 kilometres (13 mi) with 20 stations, it is sometimes called the "Japanese-Built Line".[citation needed] It is mostly in bored tunnel, with two exceptions: a short section at the northern end approaching Shubra El-Kheima which is elevated, and a section just south of this by cut-and-cover. The main difference between Lines 1 and 2 is that Line 1 uses an overhead line while Line 2 uses the third-rail system.[citation needed] The construction of the line was finished in October 2000 and was later extended to El Mounib.[5] The communication for line 2 was provided by Alcatel in 2005.[7]

Total project cost was 761 million euros.

After the 2011 Egyptian revolution, the station "Mubarak" has been renamed and is now called "Al-Shohadaa" (Arabic for "martyrs").

  • October 1996 Shobra - Mubarak (now:"Al-Shohadaa"), 8 kilometres (5 mi)[8]
  • Sept 1998: Mubarak (now:"Al-Shohadaa") - Sadat, 3 kilometres (2 mi)[8]
  • April 19, 1999: Sadat - Cairo University, 5.5 kilometres (3 mi) (including crossing of the Nile)[8]
  • October 8, 2000: Cairo University - Giza Suburban 2.7 kilometres (2 mi)[8]
  • January 17, 2005: Omm el Misryeen - Monib 2.5 kilometres (2 mi)[8]

Connections[edit]

To other Metro lines[edit]

Line 2 connects to Line 1 at Shohadaa and Sadat Stations, and with Line 3 at Attaba Station.

To other forms of transit[edit]

Shohadaa Station is immediately next to Ramses Station, providing access to Egyptian National Railways long-haul and short-haul domestic passenger service. Tram stops are also frequently located near Line 2 stations, as are Cairo Transport Authority buses and private microbus services.

Access to Cairo International Airport is expected via transfer to Line 3 upon completion of Phase 5 in October 2019.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Development of Passenger Traffic for The Two metro lines since inauguration (the first 87/88, the second 96/97) Until 2009/2010" (in Arabic). Cairo Metro. Retrieved 2014-08-04. 
  2. ^ "TWINNING PROJECT FICHE - Assistance to the Egyptian Metro Company (ECM) in Reforming Railway Safety Regulations, Procedures and Practices". Retrieved 4 August 2014. 
  3. ^ "About Company". Cairo Metro. Retrieved 31 July 2014. 
  4. ^ a b "Line 2". National Authority for Tunnels. Retrieved 3 August 2014. 
  5. ^ a b c "Greater Cairo Metro Network". Egyptian Tunneling Society. 2007-04-15. Retrieved 2008-10-20. 
  6. ^ "Cairo's metro goes under Nile". BBC News. 1999-04-19. Retrieved 2008-10-28.  |chapter= ignored (help)
  7. ^ "Alcatel extends the communications infrastructure of Cairo's metro line 2". Paris: Alcatel Lucent. 2005-04-26. Retrieved 2008-10-27. 
  8. ^ a b c d e "CAIRO". urbanrail.net. Retrieved 4 August 2014.