Born Kathleen Kingston, in Birr, County Offaly, she married Irish revolutionary Cathal Brugha in 1912. Her husband died in 1922 during the Irish Civil War and she was elected to Dáil Éireann as a Sinn Féin Teachta Dála (TD) at the 1923 general election for the Waterford constituency.
She was re-elected at the June 1927 general election. In accordance with Sinn Féin policy of the time she did not take her seat in Dáil Éireann. She stayed with the abstentionists of Sinn Féin when Éamon de Valera left to found Fianna Fáil. Sinn Féin was unable to raise the funds to contest the second election called that year, and Brugha did not contest the September 1927 general election.
She had established a drapery business, Kingston's Ltd, in 1924 and following her exit from politics devoted much time to the venture. Her continuing anti-Britishness was evidenced when in 1941 she was accused of harbouring a German spy who had parachuted into Wexford.
- "Ms. Caitlín Brugha". Oireachtas Members Database. Retrieved 27 April 2009.
- 'Mr. Cosgrave And The Oath', The Times, 30 August 1927
- "Caitlín Brugha". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 27 April 2009.
- S. Pašeta, ‘Brugha, Caitlin (1879–1959)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, October 2005
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