Cajamarca–Cañaris Quechua

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Cajamarca–Cañaris Quechua
Cajamarca–Lambayeque Quechua
Native to Perú
Native speakers
55,000  (1998–2003)[1]
Quechua
  • Quechua II?
    • Cajamarca–Cañaris Quechua
Dialects
Ferreñafe (Cañaris)
Cajamarca
Lincha
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Variously:
qvc – Cajamarca Quechua
quf – Lambayeque Quechua
qux – [partial] Lincha Quechua
Glottolog None
caja1238  (Cajamarca)[2]
lamb1276  (Lamayeque)[3]
tana1291  (Tana-Lincha)[4]

Cajamarca–Cañaris Quechua (locally called Kichwa or Runashimi, like other Quechua varieties) is a branch of Quechua spoken in northern Peru, consisting primarily of Cajamarca Quechua (Kashamarka, AKA Linwa), and Lambayeque Quechua (AKA Ferreñafe, Inkawasi-Kañaris Quechua), near the towns of Cajamarca and Cañaris in the Cajamarca and Lambayeque regions. Cajamarca and Lambayeque Quechua have 94% lexical similarity[1] and are mutually intelligible. Adelaar (2004) includes the dialect of Lincha District, far to the south on the border of the Lima and Huancavelica regions.

Cajamarca–Cañaris Quechua is divergent from other varieties; although traditionally classified as a member of Quechua II-A,[5] some (Adelaar) believe it to be a primary branch of Quechua II, and others (Landerman, Taylor, Heggarty) believe it is a primary branch of Quechua, or include it in Quechua I. Félix Quesada published the first grammar and dictionary in 1976.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Cajamarca Quechua at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
    Lambayeque Quechua at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
    [partial Lincha Quechua] at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Cajamarca". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Lamayeque". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  4. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Tana-Lincha". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  5. ^ Alfredo Torero: Los dialectos quechuas. Anales Científicos de la Universidad Agraria, 2, pp. 446–478. Lima, 1964.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Félix Quesada C. (1976): Diccionario Quechua de Cajamarca-Cañaris [– Castellano y vice versa]. Ministerio de educación del Perú
  • David Coombs et al. (2003): Rimashun kichwapi: Hablemos en quechua
  • Marco A. Arana Zegarra (2002): Resolución de Conflictos Medioambientales en la Microcuenca del Río Porcón, Cajamarca 1993-2002. Thesis 2002, Pontífica Universidad Católica del Perú.
  • Ronel Groenewald et al. (2002): Shumaq liyinawan yaĉakushun – Aprendamos con los cuentos bonitos

External links[edit]