Cajamarca Region

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This article is about the Cajamarca Region. For its capital city, see Cajamarca.
Cajamarca Region
Region
Official seal of Cajamarca Region
Seal
Location of the Cajamarca Region in Peru
Location of the Cajamarca Region in Peru
Coordinates: 6°37′S 78°47′W / 6.61°S 78.78°W / -6.61; -78.78Coordinates: 6°37′S 78°47′W / 6.61°S 78.78°W / -6.61; -78.78
Country Peru
Subdivisions 13 provinces and 127 districts
Largest city Cajamarca
Capital Cajamarca
Government
 • President Gregorio Santos Guerrero
Area
 • Total 33,317.54 km2 (12,863.97 sq mi)
Highest elevation 4,496 m (14,751 ft)
Population (the 2005 census)
 • Total 1,359,023
 • Density 41/km2 (110/sq mi)
UBIGEO 06
Dialing code 076
ISO 3166 code PE-CAJ
Website www.regioncajamarca.gob.pe

Cajamarca is a state Region in Peru. The capital is the city of Cajamarca. It is located in the north part of the country and shares a border with Ecuador. It is located at heights reaching 8900 feet above sea level in the Andes Mountain Range, the longest mountain range in the world. Part of its territory includes the Amazon Rainforest, in total the largest in the world.

History[edit]

The Wari' people conquered earlier cultures in the highlands. They established the administrative center of Wiraquchapampa.

In the 15th century, the Incas conquered the territory, expanding their empire. They established their regional capital in what is now Cajamarca. The Incas in 1465 established a new province there to serve as a bridge to their later conquests.

Cajamarca had long been one of the oldest cities in South America when the Spanish arrived in their conquest of Peru.

Political division[edit]

The Region is divided in thirteen provinces.

Province (Capital)

  1. Cajabamba (Cajabamba)
  2. Cajamarca (Cajamarca)
  3. Celendín (Celendín)
  4. Chota (Chota)
  5. Contumazá (Contumazá)
  6. Cutervo (Cutervo)
  7. Hualgayoc (Bambamarca)
  8. Jaén (Jaén)
  9. San Ignacio (San Ignacio)
  10. San Marcos (San Marcos)
  11. San Miguel (San Miguel de Pallaques)
  12. San Pablo (San Pablo)
  13. Santa Cruz (Santa Cruz de Succhubamba)
Photo: "revegetated" zone Maqui Maqui, Yanacocha mining. Source: Photo Archive Jonas Lambrigger

Places of interest[edit]