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Map of Romblon with Cajidiocan highlighted
|Region||MIMAROPA (Region IV-B)|
|Founded||1744 (as pueblo Sibuyan)|
|Reestablished||January 1, 1947|
|• Mayor||Nicasio M. Ramos|
|• Vice Mayor||Mabini T. Maca|
|• Total||201.85 km2 (77.93 sq mi)|
|• Density||110/km2 (270/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
A variant of the Romblomanon language locally called the Sibuyanon dialect (Sibuyǽnon Cajidiocanon style) is the native language of entire municipality.
- Lumbang Este
- Lumbang Weste
The first recorded history of Sibuyan Island and Cajidiocan was in 1566 when this area was reported part of the Alcaldia of Panay in the Pintados with Ogtong (Oton) as its seat. On May 10, 1570, Spanish conquestador and Navigator Martin de Goiti landed on Sibuyan Island. He noted Sibuyan Island to be rich in gold and mentioned that it was good source of fresh drinking water. He also discovered natives living along the coast and some Mangyanes or May-as living in high places.
In 1627, the Moro pirates attacked the islands of Romblon and inflicted considerable damage. In 1707, the Moros inflicted even more harm when a large number of the inhabitants were held captives and brought back to Jolo as slaves.
Establishment of Pueblo Sibuyan
In 1734 Philippine map published by the Spanish government, both visitas de Cajidiocan and Cauit (Azagra) already existed as part of pueblo (parish) of Romblon. A visita is a curacy without a permanent priest assigned. In 1744, under the destacamento de Romblon, then part of the ecclesiastical province of Panay, the recollect friars proposed to the people of the villages of Sibuyan that they baptized. The leaders met and considered the matter and told the friars that they are willing to be baptized, but they had conditions. They must be recognized and founded into a pueblo with their own governadorcillo and cabezas. They made it clear that they would elect these without intervention of the people from the mother pueblo of Romblon. They were to have their own maestro de campo, sargento mayor and infantry captain; these officials should not be charged the fees for the issuance of the government titles or for the media-anata (half of the first year's salary, paid into the royal treasury) for at least 10 years. They should be exempt from the tribute and personal services for like a ten-year period. Even the ten-years they should not pay the 3 reals nor the fees for burials, weddings, and other church services on account of their poverty. Finally, they should never be asked to sail on boats or serve as rowers, because they were highland people.
Although the people's desire for a pueblo status could be acted upon only by the government, the friars assured them that their petition would be approved. The people were therefore baptized in due course, the friar made the application for pueblo status in their behalf. The Manila regime approved their application with the predicable amendments. The new pueblo was required to have a celador; his salary was to be paid by the pueblo. The matter of the three reals and church fees was not an issue of government, and should be taken up with the curate. Finally, the people were informed of the provisions of the recopilacion on the powers of the governadorcillo. He must proceed against all wrong-doers; his authority covered imprisonment of all offenders for not more than one day, as well as embargo of property; from those absent from mass on religious holidays, for drunks and persons guilty of similar offenses he could order whipping of from six to eight lashes.
Pueblo Sibuyan was created in late 1744 (Church records 1747) and the seat of its pueblo or parish was placed in visita de Cajidiocan's Casco de Poblacion, because Cajidiocan was centrally located in the center of Sibuyan island. Thus pueblo Sibuyan was always referred to as pueblo de Cajidiocan and Cajidiocan to Sibuyan respectively. The new parish became the third pueblo or parish to be created in Destacamento (Detachment) de Romblon under provincia de Capiz.
In 1779 pueblo Sibuyan church records on Bautismos included visita Cauit belonging to its parish. Later, settlements and missionary centers were established all over the island. These settlements were: mision de Cambulayan (founded in 1779), mision de Cabatangan (1790), visita de Pag-alad (1813), Mision de Naylog (1820), mision de Cambalo (1842), mision de Canjalon (1842), mision de Cangumba (1842), mision de Mabolo (1847), mision de Cambajao (1848), mision de Ipil (1848), mision de Danao (1848), rancheria de Espana (1855) and rancheria de Infiel (1861).
In 1850, people started using family names beginning with letter "R" as decreed by Spanish Governor-General Narciso Claveria issued in November 21, 1848. Pueblo Sibuyan was officially renamed Cajidiocan derived from the name of its seat (Casco de Poblacion) of visita de Cajidiocan. The name Cajidiocan was derived from a certain sugar palm tree known in vernacular as Idiok, hence the name Ka-idiokan or 'Cajidiocan' meant a place where there is abundance of 'Idiok' palm trees. On July 23, 1848, Pueblo de Sibuyan was changed to pueblo de Cajidiocan, however the name pueblo de Sibuyan continued to be used alternately with Cajidiocan, its new official name until March 19, 1853, when the PMC del Distrito de Romblon was established.
In 1855, 17 new pueblos or parishes were created in the district, including 6 new ones out of Cajidiocan: Cauit (now barangay Azagra in San Fernando), Pag-alad (San Fernando), Isabel (barangay Cambalo, Cajidiocan), Princesa (sitio Cangumba, Azagra, San Fernando), España, and Magallanes (Magdiwang).
In 1868 when Romblon was reorganized into a province, Governor Don Corillo reorganized the local municipal government. On Sibuyan Island only Cajidiocan, Azagra (representing San Fernando), and the missionary center of Magallanes were retained, while España was restored before the end of Spanish rule.
In June 8, 1940, the special municipality of Sibuyan was established through the passage of Commonwealth Act No. 581 sponsored by a Bantoanon legislature, Congressman Leonardo Festin. Cajidiocan was made seat of the Special Municipality of Sibuyan incorporating the 2 abolished municipalities of San Fernando and Magdiwang. Each former towns were represented by a special councilor at its municipal council based in Cajidiocan town. On May 26, 1946, the special municipality of Sibuyan was abolished through the passage of Republic Act No. 38 sponsored by newly elected congressman, Hon. Modesto Formelleza that took effect on January 1, 1947. Cajidiocan and the other two municipalities in the island of Sibuyan (San Fernando and Magdiwang) were restored back to its former status as independent municipalities.
History of barangays
Cajidiocan was one of the earliest established pueblo or parish in the province of Romblon. The first census showing breakdown of its barrios was in 1894 conducted by Spanish authorities reporting a total of 9 existing barrios in pueblo de Cajidiocan, namely: Casco de Poblacion, Cambijang, Cambajao, Sugod, Suong, Lumbang, Marigondon, Cambalo and Danao with a combined population of 3,257 in 1894. In 1896 additional 5 barrios were created, though only two were enumerated under census of 1896 which was reported in 1897. These were Taguilos and Cambicang (both taken from Marigondon). The three other barrios not enumerated were Cagban, Cansangil and Paningdongan. However, barrio Suong was abolished and absorbed by barrio Poblacion on same year making a total of 10 barrios, supposedly 13 barrios if barrios of Cagban, Cansangil and Paningdongan will be counted separately. Its total population in 1897 was 3,283.
At the end of Spanish regime, the territory of Cajidiocan extended only from barrio Danao in the north to barrio Cambijang in the south. The territory west of Danao in what is now barangay Cantagda was formerly part of pueblo de Magallanes (Magdiwang) then known as barrio Cabangajan. Barrio Cabangajan was abolished in 1901 and instead of joining Magallanes opted to join and be annexed to barrio Danao as sitio in Cajidiocan municipality. Romblon provincial government was established by the Americans in March 16, 1901. A total of 3 new barrios were created in 1901, namely: barrio Alibagon (taken from Cambajao), Gutivan (taken from Sugod) and Lico (taken from Marigondon). The American civil government, from 1899–1901, reduced the number of barrio to facilitate the military policy of concentrating the civilian population of the poblaciones. Thus, four former barrios were abolished, namely Cagban, Cansangil, Paningdongan and barrio Cambicang. These four former barrios were all abolished on same year and reannexed back to their respective mother barrios. In census conducted by the Americans in 1903, there were a total of 12 barrios, namely: Poblacion, Alibagon, Cambajao, Cambalo, Cambijang, Danao, Gutiban, Lico, Lumbang, Marigondon, Sogod and Taguilos with a total population of 4,464.
In March 10, 1917 Romblon was restored as a regular province after it was abolished in July 2, 1907 to become a sub-province of Capiz. On that same year of 1917, due to reorganization and the province's difficult financial status as a newly restored province, the former municipality of Magallanes was abolished and annexed to Cajidiocan. In 1918 official census, Cajidiocan had a total of 18 barrios. Twelve of which were located in Cajidiocan and 6 were from the former municipality of Magallanes, namely: Magallanes, Silum, Jao-asan, Ipil, Dulangan and Agsao. Magallanes was restored as independent municipality on March 1, 1933 with a new name, Magdiwang as a tribute to the Magdiwang faction of Andres Bonifacio, Supremo of the Katipunan.
In June 18, 1961, through Republic Act No. 3384, Cantagda was created into a separate barrio taken from barrio Danao while Lumbang was split into two barrios of Lumbang Este and Lumbang Oeste in June 17, 1967 with its old barrio Centro located at barangay Lumbang Este, while sitios attached to Lumbang Oeste were the following: Pawala, Guinalan, Cansuyat, Agnaga and Hagimit. Cajidiocan is site of Sibuyan District Hospital established through the efforts of then congressman Jose D. Moreno through the passage of R.A. No. 2400 in 1958. Today, the municipality of Cajidiocan included the territory of the former municipality of Isabel that existed as pueblo or parish during Spanish time. Presently, Cajidiocan has a total of 14 barrios or barangays to-date namely:
|Poblacion (Casco de la Poblacion)||191.74||473||476||407||443||625||630||883||1,290||1,287||1,386||1,589||1,565||1,692||1,781||1,722|
- /a – Population of the barrio included under Cambalo
- /b – Population of the barrio included under Lumbang
- /c – Population of the barrio included under Sugod
- /d – Population of the barrio included under Sugod. Is this the present-day sitio Panaguintingan? Hello Cajidiocanons
- "Municipalities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 January 2013.
- "Province: Romblon". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 31 January 2013.
- "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 31 January 2013.
- 2007 NCSO Census
- Philippine Standard Geographic Code
- Philippine Census Information
- Local Governance Performance Management System
- Cajiocan Website