Calabasas, California

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Calabasas, California
City
City of Calabasas
Aerial view of Calabasas, near the intersection of Las Virgenes and U.S. Highway 101
Aerial view of Calabasas, near the intersection of Las Virgenes and U.S. Highway 101
Location of Calabasas in Los Angeles County, California
Location of Calabasas in Los Angeles County, California
Coordinates: 34°8′18″N 118°39′39″W / 34.13833°N 118.66083°W / 34.13833; -118.66083Coordinates: 34°8′18″N 118°39′39″W / 34.13833°N 118.66083°W / 34.13833; -118.66083
Country United States
State California
County Los Angeles
Incorporated April 5, 1991[1]
Government
 • Mayor David Shapiro[2]
Area[3]
 • Total 13.3 sq mi (34.4 km2)
 • Land 13.249 sq mi (34.27 km2)
 • Water 0.051 sq mi (0.131 km2)  0.38%
Elevation[citation needed] 500-2,800, avg.796 ft (243 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 23,058
 • Density 1,700/sq mi (670/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP Codes 91301, 91302, 91372[4]
Area code(s) 818[5]
FIPS code 06-09598
GNIS feature IDs 239994, 2409955
Website www.cityofcalabasas.com

Calabasas (en: "Pumpkins") is an affluent city in Los Angeles County, California. It is located in the hills west of the San Fernando Valley and is in the northwest Santa Monica Mountains between Woodland Hills, Agoura Hills, West Hills, Hidden Hills and Malibu, California. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 23,058, up from 20,033 at the 2000 census.[6] The city was formally incorporated in 1991. It is known for being the residence of a number of wealthy and famous people.[7]

The Leonis Adobe, an adobe structure in Old Town Calabasas, dates from 1844 and is one of the oldest surviving buildings in the greater Los Angeles area.[8]

Name[edit]

It is generally accepted that the city name of Calabasas is derived from the Spanish calabaza meaning "pumpkin," "squash," or "gourd"[9] (cf. with the word calabash). Some historians hold the theory that Calabasas is derived from the Chumash word calahoosa.

In honor of its namesake, the City of Calabasas and the Calabasas Chamber of Commerce hold an annual Pumpkin Festival in October, including carnival games, exhibits, demonstrations, and live entertainment. The festival has evolved from a small town fair to a significant annual event. Though the current Pumpkin Festival is held at Juan Bautista de Anza Park in Calabasas, the original festival was believed to have taken place where (and commemorated), according to legend, a traveling wagon carrying pumpkins overturned and started the area's first pumpkin patch.

The City's official logo, depicting a red-tailed hawk flying over the Santa Monica Mountains, symbolizes a commitment to preserving the community's natural beauty and semi-rural quality of life. This logo is featured on the Calabasas City flag which is flown in front of City Hall and hangs in the City Council Chambers.

Communities[edit]

Steeplechase

Vista Pointe is located along the transverse ranges that run parallel to, and between, the Ventura Freeway (U.S. 101) and Parkway Calabasas.

From Parkway Calabasas: Hidden Hills West, Westridge, Calabasas Hills, Calabasas Park Estates, and The Oaks.

From Park Granada or Mulholland Drive: Mulholland Heights, Mulwood, Las Villas, Bellagio, The Ridge, Creekside, Clairidge, Calabasas Country Estates, Calabasas Highlands, Mountain Park, Abercrombie Ranch Estates, Cold Creek, and Park Moderne.

From Las Virgenes: Mountain View Estates, Monte Nido, Deer Springs, Stone Creek, El Encanto, Archstone, Mont Calabasas, Malibu Canyon Park, The Colony at Calabasas, and Calabasas View.

Mont Calabasas, a community on Las Virgenes Road was annexed into the city of Calabasas in 2011. Prior to annexation, the neighborhood was located in an unincorporated area of Los Angeles County.

From Lost Hills Road: Saratoga Hills, Saratoga Ranch, Deer Springs, and Steeplechase.

The most celebrity populated neighborhood in the general area of Calabasas is Hidden Hills, a separately incorporated city, which is featured on the E! TV series Keeping Up with the Kardashians.

Civic Center[edit]

In July 2008, the City completed construction of a Gold LEED certified Civic Center and Library complex. Located at 100 Civic Center Way, the two building complex is the first municipal-owned and constructed 'green' civic center structure in the state of California. It is estimated that the complex cost approximately $45,000,000 to complete. This figure includes the outright purchase of the land on which the complex sits.

The Civic Center complex contains: The Calabasas Library, meeting rooms and an amphitheater, and the Calabasas Channel (CTV).

Public services[edit]

Leonis Adobe in Old Town Calabasas

Calabasas funds its own public transportation in the form of a shuttle and trolley service.[10] It augments the service provided by the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Agency (LACMTA): line 161[11] and funds its own municipal library (as opposed to participating in the Los Angeles County library system), runs the Calabasas Tennis & Swim Center, and has a protected and maintained historical district called "Old Town Calabasas".[12]

Events[edit]

The City sponsors many annual events including:

  • The Pumpkin Festival[13]
  • Eggstravaganza[14]
  • The Fine Arts Festival[15]
  • The Fourth of July Spectacular[16]

Brandon's Village Universally Accessible Playground[edit]

Brandon’s Village is a universally accessible playground located at Gates Canyon Park in Calabasas. It serves over 5,000 special needs children from Calabasas and surrounding communities. Designed by Shane’s Inspiration, a non-profit organization that designs and builds universally accessible playgrounds, Brandon’s Village is about 1-acre (4,000 m2) in size. Its playground equipment is over 70% independently playable by children with disabilities, and also provides meaningful and stimulating play opportunities for children without disabilities.[17]

Environmental stewardship[edit]

Safeguarding the environment and the protection of open space has been a longstanding priority for residents of Calabasas. The city played a vital role in the 10-year battle to save Ahmanson Ranch, a 2,983 acres (12.07 km2) property in the Simi Hills in Ventura County nestled at the western edge of the San Fernando Valley, from development. The land was ultimately sold by Seattle-based Washington Mutual to the Santa Monica Mountains Conservancy in late 2003 for $150 million. Ahmanson Ranch is now known as the Upper Las Virgenes Canyon Open Space Preserve and is protected from further development.[18]

In 2005, Calabasas voters overwhelmingly passed Measure D. The ordinance protects and preserves existing areas of Open Space in Calabasas by requiring two-thirds voter approval before any land in the City designated as Open Space may be redesignated for another use.[19]

In 2007, the Calabasas City Council adopted Ordinance 2007-233, banning retail food establishments, nonprofit food providers and City facilities from using food packaging materials made of expanded polystyrene, known popularly by the trademark name Styrofoam.[20] The ordinance requires food service establishments in Calabasas to use environmentally acceptable packaging starting March 31, 2008, and to report on-going compliance with this ordinance on the first business day of each calendar year.

In 2011, the City Council passed Ordinance 2011-282 which banned grocery stores, convenience stores, convenience stores (minimarts), liquor stores, drug stores and pharmacies from furnishing single-use plastic carryout bags. The ordinance also requires that if those businesses furnish paper carryout bags, they must charge customers 10 cents per bag.

Technology center[edit]

During the dot-com bubble, a number of technology companies were located on a stretch of Agoura Rd. parallel to the U.S. 101 Freeway, leading that area of Calabasas to develop a reputation as the "101 Technology Corridor". These businesses included medical technology company Atlas Development Corporation and several computer-networking companies Xylan (later Alcatel), Netcom Systems (later Spirent Communications), Ixia Communications, j2 Global Communications, and Tekelec, as well as video-game publisher THQ, and software company Digital Insight.[21] Although some of these companies have since relocated, been acquired, or ceased operations, the area continues to be home to a significant technology presence.

Notable people[edit]

Second-Hand Smoke Ordinance[edit]

In February 2006, Calabasas enacted the Comprehensive Second-Hand Smoke Control Ordinance that prohibits smoking in all public places in the City of Calabasas where other persons may be exposed to second-hand smoke.[24] These places include indoor and outdoor businesses, hotels, parks, apartment common areas, restaurants and bars where people can be reasonably expected to congregate or meet. Under the law, smoking outdoors in public areas within the city is restricted to select "Designated Smoking Areas." The law went into effect on March 16, 2006, garnering much local and national media attention. The full text of the ordinance may be found at Calabasas' official website.[25]

The Comprehensive Second-Hand Smoke Control Ordinance was expanded in early 2008, requiring 80% of rental apartment buildings to be permanently designated as non-smoking units by January 1, 2012.

The Hindu Temple of Calabasas[edit]

The city is home to a large Hindu Temple complex on Las Virgenes Road in Calabasas, visited by many Hindus and others both in and outside the State of California. The Hindu Temple Society of Southern California (HTSSC) was incorporated in the State of California as a non-profit religious organization on August 18, 1977.[26]

Claretville of Calabasas / King Gillette Ranch[edit]

King Gillette Ranch, main residence courtyard, designed by Wallace Neff in the Spanish Colonial Revival architecture style in the 1920s.

The Claretians (The Missionary Sons of the Immaculate Heart of Mary in Rome, or The Claretian Order) of the Roman Catholic Church had come to Southern California by way of Mexico in the early 1900s, working in Los Angeles inner city missions. From 1952 to 1977 they operated the 'Theological Seminary of Claretville' and the 'Immaculate Heart Claretian Novitiate,' on the former Gillette Estate, which they renamed Claretville.[27][28] The 'Thomas Aquinas College' rented the Claretville campus from the Claretians from 1971 to 1978. When the Claretians sold their Claretville property in 1978 to Clare Prophet and her Church Universal and Triumphant (CUT), Thomas Aquinas College[29] purchased, moved to, and began construction on a permanent campus in Santa Paula, California[30] At the present time, the Gillette Estate/Claretville property is now known as the 'King Gillette Ranch' which remains at the intersection of Mulholland Highway and Las Virgenes Road in Calabasas. The land and historic structures by architect Wallace Neff are now part of Malibu Creek State Park.[31][32]

Geography[edit]

The city is located in the southwest portion of the San Fernando Valley[citation needed] and comprises a portion of the Santa Monica Mountains. It is 22 miles (35 km) away from Downtown Los Angeles. It is bordered by the Woodland Hills area of Los Angeles to the northeast, Topanga to the east, Malibu to the south, Agoura Hills to the west, and Hidden Hills to the north. The historic El Camino Real runs east-west through Calabasas as U.S. Route 101.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 13.0 square miles (34 km2). 12.9 square miles (33 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it (0.38%) is water.

In a part of the city near Calabasas High School and A.C. Stelle Middle School, all of the public streets are named patriotically. These include Declaration Ave., America Way, Liberty Bell St., Paul Revere Dr., Founder's Dr., Bon Homme Rd., and others.

One of the oldest neighborhoods in Calabasas is Park Moderne, or the Bird Streets. A former artists' colony, remnants remain of the club house, pool, and cabins scattered across streets with bird names, such as Meadow Lark, Blackbird, Bluebird, and Hummingbird.

Demographics[edit]

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[33] reported that Calabasas had a population of 23,058. The population density was 1,780.4 people per square mile (687.4/km²). The racial makeup of Calabasas was 19,341 (83.9%) White (79.5% Non-Hispanic White),[34] 375 (1.6%) African American, 48 (0.2%) Native American, 1,993 (8.6%) Asian, 8 (less than 0.1%) Pacific Islander, 368 (1.6%) from other races, and 925 (4.0%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1,481 persons (6.4%).

The Census reported that 23,049 people (100% of the population) lived in households, 9 (less than 0.1%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized.

There were 8,543 households, of which 3,320 (38.9%) had children under the age of 18 living at home, 5,124 (60.0%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 942 (11.0%) had a female householder with no husband present, 315 (3.7%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 310 (3.6%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 31 (0.4%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 1,624 households (19.0%) were made up of individuals and 525 (6.1%) consisted of someone living alone who was age 65 or older. The average household size was 2.70. There were 6,381 families (74.7% of all households); the average family size was 3.11.

The population consisted of 5,841 people (25.3%) under age 18, 1,875 people (8.1%) age 18 to 24, 5,025 people (21.8%) age 25 to 44, 7,414 people (32.2%) age 45 to 64, and 2,903 people (12.6%) age 65 or older. The median age was 41.6 years. For every 100 females there were 93.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.8 males age 18 and over.

There were 8,878 housing units at an average density of 685.5 per square mile (264.7/km²), of which 6,287 (73.6%) were owner-occupied, and 2,256 (26.4%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.2%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.2%. 17,769 people (77.1% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 5,280 people (22.9%) lived in rental housing units.

According to the 2010 United States Census, Calabasas had a median household income of $119,624, with 6.2% of the population living below the federal poverty line.[35]

2005[edit]

As of 2005, there were 23,123 people, 8,350 households, and 5,544 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,528.8 inhabitants per square mile (590.4/km²). There were 8,350 housing units at an average density of 566.7 per square mile (218.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 85.92% White(including a large Iranian community and people of Jewish faith and ancestry), 2.18% Black or African American, 0.13% Native American, 7.71% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.31% from other races, and 2.71% from two or more races. 4.74% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 8,350 households, of which 44.4% had children under the age of 18 living at home. 64.3% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.3% were non-families. 17.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.1% had someone living alone who was age 65 or older. The average household size was 2.76 and the average family size was 3.14.

The population consisted of 28.6% under age 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 29.1% from 25 to 44, 27.9% from 45 to 64, and 8.6% age 65 or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 94.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.2 males.

According to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in the city was $104,935, and the median income for a family was $122,482.[36] Males had a median income of $87,049 versus $46,403 for females. The per capita income for the city was $48,189. About 2.1% of families and 3.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.4% of those under age 18 and 1.7% of those age 65 or over.

Government and infrastructure[edit]

In the California State Legislature, Calabasas is in the 27th Senate District, represented by Democrat Fran Pavley, and in the 45th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Matt Dababneh.[37]

In the United States House of Representatives, Calabasas is in California's 33rd congressional district, represented by Democrat Henry Waxman.[38]

Calabasas has United States Postal Service Post Office locations in Suite 10 at 4774 Park Granada, and at the Malibu Shell Post Office at 4807 Las Virgenes Road.[39][40]

The Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department (LASD) operates the Malibu/Lost Hills Station at 27050 Agoura Road in Calabasas.[41][42]

Education[edit]

Calabasas residents are zoned to schools in the Las Virgenes Unified School District, one of the highest ranked districts in the state. The district also serves the nearby communities of Agoura Hills, Bell Canyon, and Hidden Hills, and certain smaller areas.

From 1997 to 2001 and from 2005 to 2009, Calabasas High School[43] hired a new principal at the beginning of every school year.

In January 2004, Alice C. Stelle Middle School, located at the corner of Mulholland Highway and Paul Revere Road, was opened to serve the eastern half of the city. The western half is served by Arthur E. Wright Middle School, located on Las Virgenes Road, which prior to 2004, was the city's only middle school.

Calabasas is also home to Chaparral, Round Meadow, Lupin Hill, and Bay Laurel public elementary schools, which are part of the Las Virgenes Unified School District, as well as the private Viewpoint School.[44]

Economy[edit]

The Commons at Calabasas shopping center
Headquarters of The Cheesecake Factory

DTS, The Cheesecake Factory, and Ixia are based in Calabasas.

Top employers[edit]

According to the City's 2013 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[45] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Las Virgenes Unified School District 1,186
2 Bank of America 900
3 The Cheesecake Factory 688
4 Viewpoint School 285
5 Ixia 280
6 Alcatel-Lucent 275
7 City of Calabasas 250
8 Sedgwick Claims Management 220
9 Grant & Weber 203
10 Spirent 200

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "California Cities by Incorporation Date" (Word). California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Retrieved August 25, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Calabasas City Council". Retrieved October 13, 2014. 
  3. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer File - Places - California". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 19, 2014. 
  4. ^ "ZIP Code(tm) Lookup". United States Postal Service. Retrieved November 17, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Number Administration System - NPA and City/Town Search Results". Retrieved 2007-01-18. 
  6. ^ according to the U.S. Census Bureau website, factfinder.census.gov.
  7. ^ http://articles.latimes.com/2013/dec/30/local/la-me-calabasas-demolition-20131231
  8. ^ "Los Angeles architecture photo gallery". 
  9. ^ Hogle, Gene NAC Green Book of Pacific Coast Touring (1931) National Automobile Club p.25
  10. ^ "Transportation/Transit Division". Cityofcalabasas.com. 2008-08-27. Retrieved 2009-05-06. 
  11. ^ "metro.net | Transit Services and Information for Los Angeles County". Mta.net. Archived from the original on April 9, 2008. Retrieved 2009-05-06. 
  12. ^ [1][dead link]
  13. ^ "Calabasas Pumpkin Festival". Calabasas Pumpkin Festival. Retrieved 2010-11-09. 
  14. ^ "Eggstravaganza Egg Hunt". Cityofcalabasas.com. 2010-04-03. Retrieved 2010-11-09. 
  15. ^ "Calabasas Arts Council". Calabasas Arts Council. Retrieved 2010-11-09. 
  16. ^ "July 4th Fireworks Spectacular". Cityofcalabasas.com. 2010-07-04. Retrieved 2010-11-09. 
  17. ^ Brandon’s Village opened in 2006
  18. ^ "Parks". LAMountains.com. Retrieved 2010-11-09. 
  19. ^ [2][dead link]
  20. ^ [3][dead link]
  21. ^ "Our Properties - Corporate Center at Malibu Canyon". The Johnston Group. Retrieved 2009-05-06. 
  22. ^ "2013 Disneyland 10k Results". Disney. Retrieved September 6, 2013. 
  23. ^ "2013 Disneyland 10k Results". Disney. Retrieved September 6, 2013. 
  24. ^ http://www.cityofcalabasas.com/secondhandsmoke.html
  25. ^ "An Ordinance Of The City Of Calabasas regulating second-hand smoke and amending the Calabasas municipal code". 
  26. ^ "The Hindu temple Society of Southern California". The Hindu temple Society of Southern California. 2008. 
  27. ^ http://smmc.ca.gov/KGRP/Gillette%20Ranch%20Historical%20Study%20April07.pdf
  28. ^ [4][dead link]
  29. ^ http://www.thomasaquinas.edu/
  30. ^ [5] museum of san fernando valley_Claretville
  31. ^ "Santa Monica Mountains Conservancy". Smmc.ca.gov. 2002-12-01. Retrieved 2010-11-09. 
  32. ^ "Parks". LAMountains.com. Retrieved 2010-11-09. 
  33. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Calabasas city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  34. ^ "Calabasas (city) QuickFacts". US Census Bureau. 
  35. ^ http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/06/0609598.html
  36. ^ "Calabasas city, California - Fact Sheet - American FactFinder". Factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2009-05-06. 
  37. ^ "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Retrieved October 20, 2014. 
  38. ^ "California's 33rd Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. 
  39. ^ "Post Office Location - CALABASAS." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
  40. ^ "Post Office Location - MALIBU SHELL." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
  41. ^ "Malibu/Lost Hills Station." Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department. Retrieved on January 21, 2010.
  42. ^ "Calabasas city, California." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on January 21, 2010.
  43. ^ "Home". Calabasas High. Retrieved 2009-05-06. 
  44. ^ "Viewpoint School". Viewpoint.org. Retrieved 2009-05-06. 
  45. ^ City of Calabasas CAFR

External links[edit]