Calamba, Laguna

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Calamba City
Lungsod ng Kalamba
Component City
City of Calamba
(from top, left to right): St. John the Baptist Church, Tallest Jose Rizal Monument in the World and the legendary claypot where the city's name derived.
(from top, left to right): St. John the Baptist Church, Tallest Jose Rizal Monument in the World and the legendary claypot where the city's name derived.
Official seal of Calamba City
Seal
Nickname(s): Resort Capital of the Philippines;
Regional Center of CALABARZON
Motto: Premier City of Growth, of Leisure and of National Pride
Map of Laguna showing the location of Calamba City
Map of Laguna showing the location of Calamba City
Calamba is located in Philippines
Calamba
Calamba
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°13′N 121°10′E / 14.217°N 121.167°E / 14.217; 121.167Coordinates: 14°13′N 121°10′E / 14.217°N 121.167°E / 14.217; 121.167
Country Philippines
Region CALABARZON (Region IV-A)
Province Laguna
Congr. district 2nd District of Laguna
Incorporated August 28, 1742
Cityhood April 21, 2001
Barangays 54
Government[1]
 • Mayor Justin Marc S.B. Chipeco (NP)
 • Vice-Mayor Roseller H. Rizal (NP)
Area[2]
 • Total 149.50 km2 (57.72 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 389,377
 • Rank 24th
 • Density 2,600/km2 (6,700/sq mi)
Demonym Calambeño
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 4027
4028 - Canlubang
4029 - Camp Vicente Lim (Mayapa)
Dialing code 49
Income class 1st Class
Website www.calambacity.gov.ph

Calamba (NSCB: 043405000) is a component city of Laguna, Philippines. It is the regional center of the CALABARZON region. It is situated 54 kilometres (34 mi) south of Manila, the city is known as the Resort Capital of the Philippines[4] because of its numerous hot spring resorts, most of which are located in Barangay Pansol, Bucal and Bagong Kalsada.

According to the 2010 census, the city has a population of 389,377, making it the most populous local government unit in Laguna.[3] It is also the 5th densest city in the province with more than 2,600 people per square kilometer after San Pedro, Biñan, Cabuyao and Santa Rosa.

Calamba City is the hometown of the Philippine national hero, Jose Rizal.

Etymology[edit]

Calamba's Giant Clay Pot

The name of the city comes from a legend that during the early time of the Spanish period in the country, two "guardias civil" or soldiers were lost and passing through what is now Calamba. The soldiers met a young lady who came from a river carrying a jar of water and a wooden stove. The soldiers unwittingly in Spanish language and in authoritative tone, to conceal the fact that they were lost, asked the local maiden the name of the place they were in. The lady, who speaks only her native language, naturally thought she was being interrogated about what she was carrying and nervously uttered "kalan-banga", meaning "clay stove" (kalan) and "water jar" (banga).[5] Because the Spaniards could not pronounce it properly, the town has been called Calamba supposedly since then. This legend is immortalized with a large concrete water jar erected in the city plaza with the names of the city's barangays written on its surface. It is considered the "World's Biggest Claypot".[6] This same jar is also found in the city's seal. The plaza was proposed by Dr. Agapito Alzona, then the town councilor to utilize the waste area where the old town market relocated from. The resolution was approved by the then town mayor Roman Lazaro and added additional P5,000 for the fence to the original P15,000 construction cost. It was completed in 1939.

History[edit]

The oldest part of Calamba is believed to be Barangay Sucol where its first settlers remained. With the arrival of Spaniards, the whole area was converted into a hacienda, then a part of Tabuco (now known as Cabuyao City). Calamba became an independent pueblo on August 28, 1742, and formed into the town of Calamba in 1770. In 1813, Calamba was placed in the hands of “encargados” by the Dominican Brothers, who divided into portions and sold the haciendas to the natives during the American regime.[5][7]

During the Japanese occupation in World War II, the city was the theater of a massacre during which the Imperial Japanese Army killed at least 2,000 civilians.[8] The St. John the Baptist Church, established in 1859, was burned by the Japanese during World War II. It was reconstructed by Fr. Eliseo Dimaculangan. It was the christening site of José Rizal. The original baptismal font has been preserved and refurbished.

Cityhood[edit]

After a process of more than seven years, Calamba became the second component city of the Laguna by virtue of Republic Act No. 9024, “An Act Converting the Municipality of Calamba, Province of Laguna into a Component City to be known as the City of Calamba.” R.A. 9024 was signed into law by President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo on March 5, 2001, at the Malacañan Palace. The Commission on Elections (COMELEC) then set the plebiscite for Calamba’s cityhood on April 21, 2001 where 15,056 residents participated. 3,413 or 22.67% voted “No” while the remaining 77.33% voted “Yes” to Calamba’s conversion into a component city.[citation needed]

Events leading to Cityhood[edit]

As early as 1994, the town’s Sangguniang Bayan approved Resolution No. 60, Series of 1994 requesting the Senate of the Philippines thru its president and the House of the Representatives thru its speaker to co-sponsor a bill for Calamba’s conversion into a city. It was only after two years that another resolution, Resolution No. 115 was passed requesting then Honorable Congressman Joaquin M. Chipeco Jr, to co-sponsor a bill for Calamba’s cityhood and requesting the Sangguniang Panlalawigan for their comments and recommendations regarding the matter. Another two years passed before House Bill No. 986 and Senate bill Nos. 1630 and 1791 were filed in the House of Representatives by Congressman Chipeco and Senate of the Philippines by Senators Franklin M. Drilon and Sergio Osmeña, III, respectively.

It was only in the year 2000 that the motion for Calamba’s cityhood was fast tracked. Then Mayor Severino J. Lajara requested favorable endorsement of House Bill No. 986 from the Sangguniang Panlalawigan on January 3, 2000. The Sangguniang Bayan also endorsed House Bill No. 986 and Senate Bill Nos. 1630 and 1791 and also requested favorable endorsement from the Sangguniang Panlalawigan on the same month. A month passed and Mayor Lajara sent a follow-up letter to then Vice-Governor Teresita “Ningning” Lazaro on updates regarding the matter.

On March 8, the House Committee on Local Government approved House Bill No. 986 on 2nd reading at a hearing held at Hotel Rembrandt, Quezon City. The same House Committee conducted a public hearing on House Bill No. 986 at the Calamba Elementary School (Central II) gymnasium on March 23, approving the House Bill in principle. House Bill 986 was deliberated in April by the House of Representatives in plenary session and approved as House Bill No. 10661, which was then filed with the Senate of the Philippines in June.

The year 2001 came and brought about approval on 2nd reading of Senate Bill Nos. 1630 and 1791 and House Bill No. 10661 in a hearing held on February 5 at the Ambrocio Padilla Hall, Senate of the Philippines. Three days later, February 8, Senate Bill Nos. 1630 and 1791 and House Bill No. 10661 was deliberated in Plenary Session and was approved as Republic Act No. 9024.[9]

CALABARZON Regional Government Center[edit]

Calamba City was declared the regional center of the CALABARZON region by former President Gloria Arroyo by virtue of Executive Order No. 246, dated October 28, 2003.[10]

Geography[edit]

Calamba lies on the northern slopes of Mount Makiling, a dormant volcano. The southern terminus of the South Luzon Expressway is in Calamba and this geographic position makes the city a gateway to the southern provinces of Luzon. The highway at the end of the South Luzon Expressway leads east to the other towns of Laguna and south towards the provinces of Batangas and Quezon.

Calamba City is bordered by Cabuyao City to the north, Los Baños to the east, by the province of Batangas to the south, specifically the municipalities of Santo Tomas, Tanauan City and Talisay, and by the province of Cavite to the west, with Tagaytay City and Silang. Laguna de Bay the country's largest lake, forms the city's northwest border. The provincial capital, Santa Cruz, is located 45 kilometres (28 mi) by road to the east.

Calamba covers a total land area of 14,950 hectares (36,900 acres),[2] making it is the 2nd largest city in Laguna province in terms of land area after San Pablo City.

Land Uses[edit]

Classification Land Area (hectares)
Urban Redevelopment Zone 2,080
Growth Management Zone 1 4,199
Growth Management Zone 2 2,460
Upland Conservation Zone 3,401.22
Forest Buffer Zone 333
Makiling Forest Reservation Zone 579.78
Agricultural Development Zone 1,427
Shoreland Area -
Total Land Area 14,480
Urban Expansion Area 8,562.7 has

Barangays[edit]

Calamba City is politically subdivided into 54 barangays, the smallest administrative unit in the city.

Calamba City latest colored map.jpg

No. Barangay Land Area (hectares) Population (2010) Population (2007) Classification Zoning Classification
1 Bagong Kalsada 157.8 3,306 2,090 Urban Urban Redevelopment Zone
2 Bañadero 190.0 7,116 5,309 Urban Agricultural Development Zone
3 Banlic 274.9 12,780 12,626 Urban Agricultural Development Zone
4 Barandal 189.3 4,625 2,994 Rural Growth Management Zone 1
5 Barangay 1 (Poblacion) 29.2 6,569 6,415 Urban Urban Redevelopment Zone
6 Barangay 2 (Poblacion) 17.1 8,005 6,764 Urban Urban Redevelopment Zone
7 Barangay 3 (Poblacion) 29.8 4,408 5,111 Urban Urban Redevelopment Zone
8 Barangay 4 (Poblacion) 4.5 3,237 2,989 Urban Urban Redevelopment Zone
9 Barangay 5 (Poblacion) 25.6 6,285 5,406 Urban Urban Redevelopment Zone
10 Barangay 6 (Poblacion) 42.3 2,447 2,309 Urban Urban Redevelopment Zone
11 Barangay 7 (Poblacion) 81.8 2,519 2,706 Urban Urban Redevelopment Zone
12 Batino 110.5 1,249 1,295 Rural Growth Management Zone 1
Urban Redevelopment Zone
13 Bubuyan 196.0 1,666 1,466 Rural Upland Conservation Zone
14 Bucal 265.0 11,346 12,171 Urban Upland Conservation Zone
Urban Redevelopment Zone
Agricultural Development Zone
15 Bunggo 556.6 3,809 3,650 Rural Upland Conservation Zone
16 Burol 258.2 1,783 1,722 Rural Upland Conservation Zone
17 Camaligan 106.5 978 918 Rural Growth Management Zone 2
18 Canlubang 3,912.0 54,655 54,602 Rural Growth Management Zone 1 & 2
19 Halang 166.7 6,829 6,442 Urban Urban Redevelopment Zone
Agricultural Development Zone
20 Hornalan 22.0 1,397 1,302 Rural Upland Conservation Zone
21 Kay-Anlog 272.0 2,665 2,195 Rural Growth Management Zone 2
22 La Mesa 294.1 11,836 11,961 Urban Upland Conservation Zone
Urban Redevelopment Zone
Growth Management Zone
23 Laguerta 314.9 1,766 1,752 Rural Upland Conservation Zone
24 Lawa 146.6 9,169 6,132 Urban Urban Redevelopment Zone
25 Lecheria 157.5 8,391 6,722 Urban Urban Redevelopment Zone
Agricultural Development Zone
26 Lingga 45.0 5,817 6,322 Urban Agricultural Development Zone
27 Looc 179.1 14,524 12,444 Urban Agricultural Development Zone
28 Mabato 273.1 705 702 Rural Upland Conservation Zone
29 Majada Labas 180.2 5,172 2,090 Urban Growth Management Zone 1
30 Makiling 465.7 7,510 7,100 Rural Growth Management Zone 1 & 2
31 Mapagong 320.8 4,942 3,618 Rural Urban Redevelopment Zone
Agricultural Development Zone
Growth Management Zone 1
32 Masili 32.1 3,585 2,859 Urban Urban Redevelopment Zone
33 Maunong 399.2 2,105 1,917 Rural Upland Conservation Zone
Growth Management Zone 1 & 2
34 Mayapa 116.3 21,826 21,968 Urban Growth Management Zone 1
35 Milagrosa (formerly Tulo) 209.4 5,308 5,568 Urban Growth Management Zone 1 & 2
36 Paciano Rizal 126.8 11,958 11,733 Urban Growth Management Zone 2
37 Palingon 15.3 6,403 5,093 Urban Agricultural Development Zone
38 Palo Alto 273.7 10,628 7,270 Rural Growth Management Zone 1
39 Pansol 528.2 10,868 9,980 Urban Upland Conservation Zone
Urban Redevelopment Zone
Forest Buffer Zone
Agricultural Development Zone
40 Parian 112.0 20,248 19,587 Urban Agricultural Development Zone
Urban Redevelopment Zone
41 Prinza 95.3 3,996 2,737 Rural Urban Redevelopment Zone
Growth Management Zone 1
42 Punta 331.0 3,511 2,615 Rural Growth Management Zone 1 & 2
43 Puting Lupa 542.0 1,720 2,383 Rural Upland Conservation Zone
Growth Management Zone 2
Forest Buffer Zone
44 Real 132.9 13,805 13,375 Urban Urban Redevelopment Zone
45 Saimsim 194.5 5,504 4,634 Rural Growth Management Zone 1
46 Sampiruhan 81.0 8,144 6,788 Urban Agricultural Development Zone
47 San Cristobal 119.0 12,584 13,453 Urban Urban Redevelopment Zone
48 San Jose 89.6 4,203 4,299 Urban Urban Redevelopment Zone
49 San Juan 15.3 4,780 4,309 Urban Urban Redevelopment Zone
50 Sirang Lupa 198.4 8,225 6,683 Urban Growth Management Zone 1
51 Sucol 31.6 4,765 4,300 Urban Urban Redevelopment Zone
52 Turbina 51.5 4,475 3,677 Urban Urban Redevelopment Zone
53 Ulango 227.6 858 845 Rural Upland Conservation Zone
54 Uwisan 78.0 2,358 2,367 Urban Agricultural Development Zone

Canlubang[edit]

Barangay Canlubang is the biggest barangay in population and by land area in the city. It is composed of several sitios, some of the sitios that can be found are: Happy Valley, Asia I, Asia II, Buntog,Matang-Tubig,Balagbag-Araw,Bangyas, Mangumit, Ceris I, Manfil, Palao, MCDC, Kapayapaan, Locomotive etc. It is part of Canlubang, an area of western Laguna which spans also of Biñan City, Santa Rosa City, and Cabuyao City where industrialization is taking its toll. It is the only barangay in Laguna that hosts a patron saint for itself, St. Joseph the Worker, while the neighboring barangays are under the jurisdiction of Mary Help of Christians parish located at Brgy. Mayapa. Canlubang is also the site of many industrial parks, notably the Carmelray Industrial Parks I and Silangan Industrial Park.

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Calamba City
Year Pop.   ±% p.a.  
1990 173,453 —    
1995 218,951 +4.77%
2000 281,146 +5.13%
2007 360,281 +3.61%
2010 389,377 +2.62%

According to the 2010 census, Calamba has a population of 389,377 inhabitants, making it the most populated town in Laguna province,[3] followed by San Pedro City, Santa Rosa City, Biñan City, San Pablo City and Cabuyao City. Calamba City is the 24th most populated city in the Philippines.

Religions[edit]

Calamba is predominantly Roman Catholic (89.72%), followed by Protestants (3.43%), Iglesia Ni Cristo (3.14%), and Islam (0.26%).[5]

Economy[edit]

Calamba City is known today as the "Second Richest City in CALABARZON", after Batangas City (according to the 2012 Commission on Audit Annual Audit Report), as it registered a total income of P2,023,350,771.[11] Calamba is also considered as one of the "Next Wave Cities" for outsourcing firms.[12]

The major income sources comes from manufacturing and economic plants, tourism, agriculture and services. There are many manufacturing and economic plants located in upland barangays like Canlubang, Real, Lamesa, Milagrosa, Makiling, Punta, Barandal, Batino and Prinza.

Income[edit]

Year Total Income (COA)[13] Growth % Total Income (BLGF)[14] Growth %
2002 ₱810,569,652.58 Steady ₱809,806,000.00 Steady
2003 ₱847,402,297.32 Increase 4.54% ₱1,046,621,000.00 Increase 29.24%
2004 ₱872,473,683.19 Increase 2.96% ₱921,272,904.23 Decrease 11.98%
2005 ₱1,035,488,459.60 Increase 18.68% ₱1,094,639,552.79 Increase 18.82%
2006 ₱1,110,330,981.73 Increase 7.23% ₱1,110,330,981.73 Increase 1.43%
2007 ₱1,161,438,445.76 Increase 4.60% ₱1,162,050,643.28 Increase 4.66%
2008 ₱1,338,299,724.69 Increase 15.23% ₱1,338,769,422.02 Increase 15.21%
2009 ₱1,580,699,818.00 Increase 18.11% ₱1,586,541,340.26 Increase 18.51%
2010 ₱1,634,025,898.00 Increase 3.37% ₱1,699,391,678.99 Increase 7.11%
2011 ₱1,952,122,303.00 Increase 19.47% ₱1,887,800,323.68 Increase 11.09%
2012 ₱2,023,350,771.00 Increase 3.65% ₱2,023,350,600.11 Increase 7.18%

Banking[edit]

As of December 31, 2013, there are 83 banking offices operating in the city that offers banking services to businesses and residents according to Philippine Deposit Insurance Corporation. Calamba is the top city in CALABARZON with total deposits amounting to 29,632,884 in thousand pesos from 374,122 accounts.[15]

Industries and Manufacturing[edit]

The city is a haven for industries. Considered as the heart of CALABARZON due to the number of companies housed in its area, Calamba City is one of the premiere industrial hubs outside of Metro Manila. Some of the industrial parks located in the city are:

Food processing plants in Calamba like Zenith Foods Corp. (central commissary of Jollibee Foods Corporation), where its sauces and food products (i.e. burger, pies, fries, etc.) are first made before distributing to Jollibee outlets is currently the most advanced food processing plant in the Philippines and one of the best in Asia. Other food and beverage processing plants in Calamba are Rebisco, RC Cola, Monde-M.Y. San Corporation and Zest-O Corporation.

Some of the semiconductor companies are also located in Calamba. To name a few, they are Samsung Electronics Philippines, Continental Temic Electronics Philippines, Toshiba Storage Device Philippines Inc., ST Microelectronics (formerly Philips Electronics), Fuji Electric Philippines, NEC Tokin Electronics, NEC Toppan Circuit Solutions and Austriamicrosystems Phils.

Automobile manufacturer that have plants located in Calamba City are Asian Transmission Corporation and Suzuki Philippines Inc.

Avon, the leading global beauty company has a manufacturing plant (Avon Products Manufacturing) located at Calamba Premiere International Park.

Information Technology[edit]

Calamba City is also considered as one of the "Next Wave Cities" for outsourcing firms and call centers, among them are Accenture and SPi Technologies.

Commerce and Trade[edit]

Aside from the Crossing area in Barangay Uno, Barangays Real and Parian are also bustling with business structures, including SM CIty Calamba, Waltermart Calamba and Liana's Discount Center Calamba.

Notable shopping centers in Calamba also include Walter Mart Makiling, SM Savemore, Puregold Halang, Puregold Calamba Crossing and iMall Canlubang among others.

Utilities and Communication[edit]

Communication concerns are managed by different agencies found in the city: postal affairs rests on the Philippine Postal Corp. with three operating offices located in Barangays. Canlubang, Mayapa and the main office located at the back of City Hall. Telecommunications as well as internet connections are under the three major telecom companies such as PLDT, Globe Telecom, Smart Communications and Sun Cellular for Digitel. Aside from these, print and radio services are also present, with Calambalita and DZJV– a local radio station catering to the whole Calabarzon area.

A major part of the city is currently served by MERALCO, with two substations of the company located in Brgys Mayapa and Brgy 1 facilitate the flow of power throughout the entire city. All the 54 barangays are equipped with electricity, with only a few barangays such as part of Canlubang, Pansol, Bucal and Lecheria under NAPOCOR.

A big part of the City is served by the Calamba Water District, providing water to 23,655 households, 1,238 commercial establishments and 53 public buildings. Most of the city’s water supply comes from the faucet community water system.

Tourism and places of interest[edit]

SM City Calamba

Here are some of Calamba City's tourist destinations:

Rizal Shrine
Jose Rizal monument in The Plaza Calamba

Rizal Shrine

This is located at Calamba City Proper. Beside the St. John the Baptist Church, it is where José Rizal, the Philippines' national hero, lived before he was executed in Rizal Park.

Calamba Rizal Park/The Plaza

This public park in Barangay Real commemorates Jose Rizal. Erected on a 7 hectares (17 acres) land at Calamba City Hall Complex, the monument is 22 feet (6.7 m) tall, with the number symbolizing the 22 languages and dialects used by Rizal. It sits on top of a 15-step podium, symbolizing one decade since Rizal was born. It is the tallest Jose Rizal Monument in the World.[16] The monument was inaugurated by President Benigno Aquino III in preparation for the National Hero's sesquicentennial birth anniversary on June 19.

Banga/Pot of Calamba

Banga is a large pot that symbolizes the name of Calamba City. The name of Calamba City derived from the two words, "kalan" and "banga". The barangays in Calamba was inscripted around the pot. This pot is also known as Calambanga.

St. John the Baptist Church

Established in 1859, it was burned by the Japanese during World War II. It was reconstructed by Fr. Eliseo Dimaculangan. It was the christening site of José Rizal. The original baptismal font has been preserved and refurbished.

Nuvali Republic Wakepark

The newest and most innovative wakepark in the world. Located at Nuvali, Canlubang, Calamba City.

Wonder Island Resort

Situated on a two-hectare island in the middle of Laguna de Bay, Wonder Island Resort is surrounded by the wide expanse of the largest freshwater lake in the country. About 50 kilometers south of Manila, the island can be reached via Calamba in Laguna, with a seven-minute ride aboard the sleek, safe and ultra-comfortable air-conditioned ferryboat.

Hot Spring Resorts

Most resorts in Calamba are located in Barangays Pansol, Bucal and Bagong Kalsada.

City government[edit]

City hall façade

The 2013 local elections in Calamba City, held on May 13, 2013, replaced some members of the city government, including the mayor, vice mayor and other members of the city council.

Elected officials for the 2013–2016 term are:[1]

Official Seal of Calamba City[edit]

Official Calamba City seal

The seal of the City of Calamba has evolved and has been modified throughout the years. From being a municipality to a component city, a new seal was necessary to symbolize the new thrust of Calamba. In a city-wide seal-making contest, Reyjon de Guzman emerged as winner, for his work best symbolized the ideals, pride and achievements of the city. Each color, shape, number and object has its own meaning relative to what is Calamba in the past, present and future.

Shield Shape – The shield shape in the center, with a slight circular bottom, flat top and curved edges at the top corners project solidity and congruence.

Banga shaped twined with Dr. Jose Rizal’s image – The historical ambience is depicted in this twin image. The abstract represents the influence of Dr. Jose Rizal and the Banga in the history of the City of Calamba.

Numbers – the engraved “1742” mentions the year when Calamba was founded and seceded from the town of Cabuyao, while "2001" was identified as the year of Calamba's cityhood.

Objects – the mountain in the background and the water current at the bottom part relate to land and water resources of the city pertain to the vast natural resources of Mount Makiling and the aquatic benefits of Laguna de Bay. The water beneath Mt. Makiling shows that Calamba City touches a body of water notably Laguna de Bay, the largest lake in the country, and that's why Calamba City is also known as the "City by the Lake". The silhouette image of rice field on the left and the industrial buildings on the right symbolizing Calamba City's rapid modernization, urbanization, and industrialization. With both signs located beside each other, it shows everyone that nature and progress can efficiently coexist in Calamba City.

Colors - Except for silver grey and metallic gold, all others are similar with the national seal. However, additional meanings are attached to each.

Metallic Gold – This represents the radiating image of Dr. Jose Rizal and Banga that reflects in the minds and deeds of Calambeños.

Red – This symbolizes the burning patriotism of residents as exemplified by Rizal.

Blue – As land and water represent wealth and prosperity, the color blue signifies productivity and tranquility of the constituents.

Silver Grey – This represents the transformation of development from an agricultural pueblo in the 1700s to an agro-industrial town in 1900s and finally to an industrial city.

White – This projects purity, transparency, efficiency and prudence pertaining to governance.

Calamba City has a golden edge etched at the upper half with the words Lungsod ng Calamba depicting Calamba City as a Philippine component city. Laguna at the bottom part means that Calamba City is still part of Laguna province.[17]

List of mayors of Calamba[edit]

The former mayors and political leaders of Calamba are:[7]

  • Mateo Elejorde (1901–1904)
  • Isidoro Cailles (1904–1907)
  • Ramon Santos (1907–1910)
  • Rafael Pabalan (1910–1917)
  • Roman D. Lazaro (1919–1922/1931-1934) (1937-1941/1945-1946)
  • Felipe Belarmino (1922–1931)
  • Eduardo A. Barretto (1934–1937)
  • Enrique G. Shinyo (1942)
  • Artemio M. Alepao (1943-1944)
  • Exequiel Geneciran (1944–1945)
  • Severino Q. Arambulo (1946-1947/1956-1959) (1968–1971)
  • Sisenando V. Rizal Sr. (1948-1951/1952-1954)
  • Pantaleon Alihan (1954–1955)
  • Taciano V. Rizal (1960-1963/1964-1967) (1972–1975)
  • Eduardo T. Yu Jr. (1975–1980)
  • Salvador E. Delmo (1980–1986)
  • Apolonio A. Elazegui (1986–1987)
  • Victoriano Chipeco (1987-1988)
  • Jesus Miguel Yulo (1987–1994)
  • Severino J. Lajara (1994–2004)
  • Joaquin M. Chipeco Jr. (2004–2013)
  • Justin Marc S.B. Chipeco (2013-present)

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Calamba Lakeside

Tricycles, buses, jeepneys, and boats are popular modes of transportation in Calamba. There is also a PNR station in the city, namely as the Calamba railway station that will serve as a terminal for commuters going to Manila. The railway station will be re-opened to public on 2014.

Road Systems[edit]

Existing[edit]
  • 'South Luzon Expressway' (SLEX) - Calamba City has five interchanges and three overpasses that cross or branch from the SLEX. Going southward from Metro Manila, the hierarchy of the said interchanges and overpasses are: Silangan Interchange or Exit 45 which takes you to Canlubang and Mapagong; Mapagong Overpass which crosses the area of SLEX close to the Calamba Tollway; Canlubang-Mayapa Interchange or Exit 47 that takes you to the National Highway in Parian and adjacent barangays Mayapa, Canlubang, and Paciano Rizal; Batino Overpass which crosses Batino; Batino Exit or Exit 49 wherein anyone can go to cities of Tagaytay and Tanauan and neighboring barangays Barandal, Batino, Prinza, Turbina, Lawa, Punta, and Bubuyan; Calamba Interchange or Exit 50 in which motorists can go to Batangas, Quezon province, Bicol region, Los Baños, Bay, San Pablo City, Santa Cruz, Pagsanjan, and Siniloan. The SLEX extension is already connected to STAR Tollway in Santo Tomas, Batangas.
Maharlika Highway in Turbina
  • Maharlika Highway (Daang Maharlika) - accessible if entered Exit 50 or Batangas Exit of SLEX. It passes through barangays Turbina, Tulo, and Makiling in Laguna, and continues through Batangas and ends at Lipa City. Along Maharlika Highway are numerous factories, warehouses, and other industrial sites that can be found in Calamba City, Laguna, and Sto. Tomas, Batangas.
  • Manila South Road (Old National Highway) - it starts from Alabang in Muntinlupa City and ends at Pagsanjan, Laguna. The construction of the SLEX loosened the traffic along the National Highway. Its jurisdiction in Calamba City starts at barangay Banlic and ends at barangay Bagong Kalsada. Recently, the National Highway underwent renovations and reconstructions to improve the driving quality. This section of Old National Highway is also part of the Maharlika Highway system (AH26).
  • Chipeco Avenue and Extension - it starts at Padre Burgos Avenue in Barangay III, Calamba City and ends along the railroad tracks at barangay Real. It courses through barangays III, Lecheria, Halang, and Real, thus it crosses the National Highway. Calamba City Hall and Department of Education Building are located adjacent to Chipeco Avenue Extension.
  • Calamba-Tagaytay Road - the major road going to Tagaytay City in Cavite. It starts from the Manila South Road junction in Barangay Parian going to Tagaytay. It bypasses suburban barangays in Calamba City.
  • Calamba-Sta. Cruz-Famy Road - the major road of the eastern part of the city, it starts at Crossing and ends in the town proper of Famy, Laguna. Recently there had been numerous projects on widening this mostly four-lane provincial road that connects the western and eastern parts of the province. It bypasses Calamba City, Los Baños, Bay, Calauan, Victoria, Pila, Sta. Cruz, Pagsanjan, Lumban, Kalayaan, Paete, Pakil, Pangil, Siniloan, and Famy.
  • Mayapa-Canlubang Cadre Road - the major road to Canlubang. It starts from the junction in Manila South Road at Checkpoint, Barangay Paciano passing Barangay Mayapa going to Canlubang.[18]
Proposed[edit]
  • 'Calamba-Los Baños Expressway' - a proposed expressway that will start at SLEX Extension (Calamba Exit) traverses along Laguna de Bay and ends up connecting a national road at Bay, Laguna. The construction of the four-lane 15.5-kilometre-long (9.6 mi) expressway will cost an estimated PHP5.9 billion or US$131.11 million.[19] When constructed, it is expected to ease the traffic in the Calamba-Los Baños area, particularly along National Road.
  • Laguna de Bay Flood Control Dike Expressway - also known as the C-6 Extension. A proposed expressway that will start from the coastal area of Laguna de Bay from Taguig, the province of Rizal to Calamba and Los Baños. The construction of the four-lane 43.6-kilometre-long (27.1 mi) expressway will cost an estimated PHP18.59 billion or US$413 million.[19] When constructed, it is expected to ease traffic congestion along Muntinlupa and Calamba area. It will also serve as flood control facility in the Laguna de Bay coastal area.

Health care[edit]

There are 9 private and 1 government-run hospitals in Calamba.[citation needed] Some of the health centers in the city are the Calamba Medical Center, Calamba Doctors Hospital, Pamana Golden Care Hospital, St. John the Baptist Hospital, San Jose Hospital and Trauma Center, St. Marks Hospital and Medical Cente, Holy Angel General Hospital, CH Garcia Medical and Diagnostic Center, Dr. Jose Rizal Memorial Hospital, and Jose Yulo Foundation Canlubang Industrial Hospital.

Education[edit]

City College of Calamba

Calamba has a literacy rate of 98.9%. As of 2007, there are 120 elementary schools, 51 of which are public and 69 private. There are 50 secondary schools, 16 public and 34 private. Post-secondary education include 17 universities and colleges, and 9 technical and vocational schools.[5]

The city has four NCAA affiliate schools/branches, namely as the Colegio de San Juan de Letran, Lyceum of the Philippines University, San Sebastian College – Recoletos and University of Perpetual Help System DALTA. Some schools located in Calamba are City College of Calamba, Calamba Institute, Laguna College of Business and Arts and Saint John Colleges.

Notable people[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: LAGUNA". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 12 November 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. May 1, 2010. Retrieved 10 October 2012. 
  4. ^ http://laguna.com.ph/content/province-profile
  5. ^ a b c d "City profile". About the City. Official Website of the City of Calamba. Retrieved 12 November 2012. 
  6. ^ "Calamba City’s Giant Claypot". Going Around Asia. Retrieved 1 March 2013. 
  7. ^ a b "Political History". City Government. Official Website of the City of Calamba. Retrieved 12 November 2012. 
  8. ^ Jintaro Ishida, The Remains of War, 2001, p.238, citing the Barangay Real Memorial.
  9. ^ Cityhood of Calamba http://www.calambacity.gov.ph/About-the-City/Cityhood-of-Calamba/
  10. ^ "Executive Order No. 246, s. 2003". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved January 15, 2013. 
  11. ^ "COA 2012 AAR"
  12. ^ "List of Next Wave Cities for Outsourcing Firms"
  13. ^ COA AAR
  14. ^ Local Government Unit (LGUs) Financial Data
  15. ^ http://www.pdic.gov.ph/files/BSDStats/DDD_PBS_ProvinceMunicipality.htm
  16. ^ Jose Rizal's Tallest Monument
  17. ^ The Official Seal http://www.calambacity.gov.ph/About-the-City/The-Official-Seal/
  18. ^ "DPWH Road Data | Laguna 2nd". Department of Public Works and Highways Website. DPWH. Retrieved 30 April 2013. 
  19. ^ a b Rogelio L. Singson (18 November 2010). "PPP Road Projects". Public Private Partnership Center. Retrieved 1 March 2013. 

External links[edit]