Calanthe

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Calanthe
Calanthe sylvatica
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Epidendroideae
Tribe: Collabieae
Alliance: Calanthe
Genus: Calanthe
R.Br.
Synonyms

Numerous, see text

Calanthe – commonly abbreviated Cal. in horticulture – is a widespread genus of terrestrial orchids (family Orchidaceae) with some 200 species.[1]

The genus is divided into 2 groups – deciduous species and evergreen ones. Calanthe species are found in all tropical areas, but mostly concentrated in Asia; some species also range into subtropical and tropical lands such as Taiwan, India and Madagascar. C. discolor is a well-known species found in Japan, the southern part of Korea and China; its vernacular name ebine (海老根) means "shrimp-root" in reference to the shape of the plant's pseudobulbs and root system.

List of species[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

This genus has a large number of synonyms:

  • Alismorkis Thouars
  • Amblyglottis Blume
  • Aulostylis Schltr.
  • Calanthidum Pfitzer
  • Centrosia A.Rich.
  • Centrosis Thouars
  • Cytheris Lindl.
  • Ghiesbreghtia A.Rich. & Galeotti
  • Limatodes Blume
  • Paracalanthe Kudô
  • Preptanthe Rchb.f.
  • Styloglossum Breda
  • Sylvalismis Thouars

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Calanthe". World Checklist of Orchidaceae. Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 02.04.2012.