Calasiao, Pangasinan

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Calasiao
Baley na Calasiao
Ili ti Calasiao
Bayan ng Calasiao
Municipality
Municipal Hall
Municipal Hall
Official seal of Calasiao
Seal
Map of Pangasinan showing the location of Calasiao
Map of Pangasinan showing the location of Calasiao
Calasiao is located in Philippines
Calasiao
Calasiao
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 16°01′N 120°22′E / 16.017°N 120.367°E / 16.017; 120.367Coordinates: 16°01′N 120°22′E / 16.017°N 120.367°E / 16.017; 120.367
Country  Philippines
Region Ilocos (Region I)
Province Pangasinan
District 3rd district of Pangasinan
Founded 1592
Barangays 24
Government[1]
 • Mayor Mark Roy Q. Macanlalay
Area[2]
 • Total 48.36 km2 (18.67 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 91,109
 • Density 1,900/km2 (4,900/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 2418
Dialing code 75
Income class 1st class; urban
Website www.calasiao.gov.ph

Calasiao is a first class municipality in the province of Pangasinan, Philippines. According to the 2010 census, the city has a population of 91,109 people.[3] In the Pangasinan language, the town is called "Baley na Calasiao", which means "town of Calasiao".

The name Calasiao was derived from the native word Kalasian, which means "a place where lightning frequently occurs", from the root word lasi, meaning "lightning". Upon the arrival of the Spaniards, they called the place "Lugar de Rayos", a literal Spanish translation of the word Kalasian.

It was named as such because it is said that Calasiao back in the day was always frequented by this natural phenomenon. Today, Calasiao is known as a First Class Municipality and is located at the very heart of Pangasinan. It governs 24 barangays and 31 sitios in a total land area of 5,339 hectares.[1] Calasiao's flagship product is the native rice cake known as Puto Calasiao.

Barangays[edit]

Calasiao is politically subdivided into 24 barangays.[2]

  • Ambonao
  • Ambuetel
  • Banaoang
  • Bued
  • Buenlag
  • Cabilocaan
  • Dinalaoan
  • Doyong
  • Gabon
  • Lasip
  • Longos
  • Lumbang
  • Macabito
  • Malabago
  • Mancup
  • Nagsaing
  • Nalsian
  • Poblacion East
  • Poblacion West
  • Quesban
  • San Miguel
  • San Vicente
  • Songkoy
  • Talibaew

History[edit]

The indigenous people of Calasiao are descended from the Austronesian-speaking people who settled in the Malay archipelago at least 5,000 years ago. Calasiao was settled by a Pangasinan speaking people whose language belongs to the Malayo-Polynesian branch of the Austronesian languages family.

In 1571, the Spanish conquest of Pangasinan began. The Spanish conquistadors were accompanied by Roman Catholic missionaries who introduced Roman Catholicism to the indigenous peoples of Pangasinan.

In the 16th century, Dominican friars, who were settling at Gabon, were driven out because of the continuing unrest in the town. The formation of the new Calasiao however was not immediately welcomed by its native inhabitants. Hence in 1660, when the call for the Malong Rebellion came, the citizens picked up their weapons and joined in the fight against the Spanish rule. The citizens were also one of the first people to answer the call for rebellion of Juan de la Cruz Palaris of Binalatongan (now San Carlos City), which succeeded in driving the Spanish rulers and friars out of the boundaries. The town of Calasiao became part of the Pangasinan encomendia of Labaya, designated as belonging to the King of Spain, Juan Ximenez del Pino, and a son of Alonso Hernandez de Sandoval for whom tributes were collected.[2]

Today, Calasiao is rapidly expanding town. It may soon become a city or join with Dagupan City and San Carlos City to be a metropolis. Yet many people from Calasiao have emigrated to the United States and other countries to seek better opportunities.

Local government[edit]

The town hall is located in front of the Roman Catholic convent of San Pedro y San Pablo de Calasiao, the same building as the shrine of Senor Divino Tesoro. The current mayor is Mark Roy Macanlalay, who took over the mayoralty post from his father, Roy T. Macanlalay, following his victory in the May 2010 elections.

Like other towns in the Philippines, Calasiao is governed by a mayor and vice mayor who are elected to three-year terms. The mayor is the executive head and leads the town's departments in executing the ordinances and improving public services. The vice mayor heads a legislative council (Sangguniang Bayan) consisting of councilors from the Barangays of Barrios.

Elected officials[edit]

The town is led by Mayor Mark Roy Q. Macanlalay, Vice Mayor Roy T. Macanlalay, and 10 other councilors.[3]

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Calasiao
Year Pop.   ±% p.a.  
1990 62,966 —    
1995 69,528 +1.87%
2000 77,039 +2.22%
2007 85,419 +1.43%
2010 91,109 +2.37%

The people speak the Pangasinan language, the dominant language in Central Pangasinan. Ilokano, Tagalog, and English are also widely spoken.

Tourism, culture, heritage, landmarks and attractions[edit]

St. Peter and Paul Church (Poblacion)

Calasiao is a short ride to the Bonuan Blue Beach and the Hundred Islands in the Lingayen Gulf. Calasiao is about 2 hour ride to Baguio City and a four hour ride to Manila.

Calasiao is known for its puto, a soft rice cake; suman, a sweet coconut and sticky rice cake wrapped in banana leaves; and bagoong, or fermented fish paste. Calasiao puto is described as the town's "white gold."[citation needed] Calasiao puto is a bite-size, soft rice cake made from semi-glutinous rice that is fermented in earthen jars. It is produced mainly in Barangay Dinalaoan.

Many pilgrims from neighbouring cities/towns and provinces visit Calasiao to pray at the Senor Divino Tesoro shrine. The statue of a crucified Jesus Christ is believed to grow in size and grant miracles.

Free puto ("White Gold") festival[edit]

Special Puto (Calasiao stores).

Calasiao will celebrate on May 5, 2008, its (free) puto industry festival. It is known for its 100 years "white gold: "cup-shaped, bite-sized, soft rice cakes; the semi-glutinous rice is fermented in old earthen jars" (in villages of Dinalaoan, Lumbang, Ambuetel, and part of Nalsian).[4] The Calasiao Puto is a rice cake that is well known all over the Philippines for its melt-in-the-mouth feeling. It is locally sold along the streets going to Sr. Divino Tesoro.[citation needed]

Calasiao puto is simply made of long grain rice soaked in water, ground and fermented for three days of more, added with just enough sugar to taste and steamed to perfection. It can also be topped with cheese or drizzled with chocolate syrup for some variation. It is also perfect to be paired with dinuguan. Calasiao is known for its 100 years “white gold: “cup-shaped, bite-sized, soft rice cakes; the semi-glutinous rice is fermented in old earthen jars."[4] The town has the traditional white puto and many flavors like pandan (green), ube (violet), banana (yellow), strawberry (pink) and cheese (gold).

The original white puto and kutsinta (another rice cake variety) is sold at P60 per kilogram (70 to 75 pieces), while the flavored ones are sold at P80 per kg. The price is higher by P15 to P20 in other areas to cover transportation costs. Bella's Puto consumes three to six sacks of rice a day to make puto, depending on the season. Peak production period is from October to January. A sack of rice can produce 8,000 pieces or 107 kg of puto. Bella's Puto is sold at four SM shopping mall branches, in Sta. Mesa (Manila), Baliwag (Bulacan), Clark (Pampanga) and Rosales (Pangasinan). It is also sold in a store in Caloocan City and at the Pasalubong Center in Rosales town.[5]

Bocayo (sweetened coconut) and Dinuguan are also the best products of Nalsian Bacayao and Nalsian Centro. Calasiao celebrates its town fiesta every May 2 & 3, the feast day of Señor Divino Tesoro. Every 28th & 29 June is the fiesta of San Pedro and San Pablo, which were the dates of the Calasiao fiesta.

Economy[edit]

Public Market.

Calasiao is centrally located in Pangasinan, between Dagupan City and San Carlos City, with a major road connecting Calasiao to both cities. The town is also connected to Sta. Barbara, from where the MacArthur Highway connects to Baguio City and Metro Manila.

Calasiao has rich farmlands planted mainly with palay or rice, coconuts and mangoes. Calasiao also has a lot of fishponds along its rivers and wetlands where fish like bangus (milkfish), pantat (catfish), and tilapia are raised. A Coca-Cola Bottlers plant is located in Calasiao.

Fast-food chains Jollibee, Chowking, and Gery's Grill all have a branch in the town, while car companies Toyota, Honda, Nissan and Mitsubishi have dealerships in the town. The Regency Hotel in Calasiao has become the biggest competitor of the Star Plaza Hotel in Dagupan City. Dagupeńa, a famous restaurant from Dagupan City, has moved to Calasiao.

In June 2010, Robinsons Land Corporation (RLC) announced the construction of its 30th mall in this town. Robinsons Place Calasiao is a two-level mall built on a 5.8 hectares (14 acres) lot with a gross floor area of 31,900 square metres (343,000 sq ft) and a gross leasable area of 23,000 square metres (250,000 sq ft).

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipalities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 26 November 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: PANGASINAN". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 26 November 2012. 
  3. ^ a b "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 26 November 2012. 
  4. ^ Inquirer.net, Free puto as Pangasinan town celebrates rice cake festival

External links[edit]