Calatagan, Batangas

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Calatagan
Municipality
Skyline of Calatagan
Official seal of Calatagan
Seal
Map of Batangas showing the location of Calatagan
Map of Batangas showing the location of Calatagan
Calatagan is located in Philippines
Calatagan
Calatagan
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 13°50′N 120°38′E / 13.833°N 120.633°E / 13.833; 120.633Coordinates: 13°50′N 120°38′E / 13.833°N 120.633°E / 13.833; 120.633
Country Philippines
Region CALABARZON (Region IV-A)
Province Batangas
District 1st District
Founded 1912
Barangays 25
Government[1]
 • Mayor Sophia Grandeza Palacio
Area[2]
 • Total 112.00 km2 (43.24 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 51,997
 • Density 460/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 4215
Dialing code 43
Income class 2nd Class
Website www.calatagan.gov.ph

Calatagan is a municipality in the Province of Batangas, Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 51,997 people.[3]

The town comprises the Calatagan Peninsula between the West Philippine Sea and Balayan Bay. The peninsula's near white sand beaches are popular vacation and leisure sites for Manila's rich and famous. There are several beach resorts including the art-filled guesthouse called Banak House Calatagan, others like the Ronco Beach Resort in Brgy. Bagong Silang, Playa Calatagan in Brgy. Sta. Ana, the Golden Sunset Resort in Brgy Uno, and Lago de Oro Resort where one can go wakeboarding, Villa Agustina, Nacua. These are well-known local places for relaxation and respite from all the week's work. Calatagan was formerly titled as the Forbes Park of the South, because of the rich families who owns their estates here not minding the bad road condition before, anyway they have their helipads for their helicopters to land on.

An extremely rare example of pre-Spanish Philippine script was found in Calatagan. The script is called Baybayin in Tagalog, and was derived from Javanese writing, which in turn is derived from Brahmi. This writing survives on an earthenware burial jar dated 13th century or 14th century.

Barangays[edit]

Beach in Calatagan

Calatagan is politically subdivided into 25 barangays.[2]

  • Barangay 1 (Pob.)
  • Barangay 2 (Pob.)
  • Barangay 3 (Pob.)
  • Barangay 4 (Pob.)
  • Bagong Silang
  • Baha
  • Balibago
  • Balitoc
  • Biga
  • Bucal
  • Carlosa
  • Carretunan
  • Encarnacion
  • Gulod
  • Hukay
  • Lucsuhin
  • Luya
  • Paraiso
  • Quilitisan
  • Real
  • Sambungan
  • Santa Ana
  • Talibayog
  • Talisay
  • Tanagan

History[edit]

The town is the site of the historically and archeologically famous “Calatagan Excavation” whose antique pottery and other utensils contributed important facts about the culture and activities of the Filipinas before the coming of the Spaniards. Archeologists find mostly pottery of Chinese Origin, dug from six large cemeteries and unearthed by archeologists, Prof. Olov; T.R Jones and Prof. Robert B. Fox, as well as the conclusion made by Prof. K. Otley Bayer which points out the existence of a sizeable pre-Spanish population in the town. The same studies suggest that there was direct Chinese trade by water in Calatagan and this trade could have centered at a place called Balong-Bato, where an entrance thru the reef, which surrounds Calatagan, is still presently used by vessels coming from Mindoro and Manila.

The land occupied by the municipality of Calatagan was acquired by Don Domingo Roxas from the Spanish Crown in 1829 and was called Hacienda De Calatagan. The successors Don Pedro P. Roxas and Don Antonio R. Roxas continued to develop it and by the first decade of the century, it has progressed sufficiently.

In 1912, by virtue of Executive Order No. 78 by then Governor General Cameron Forbes, Calatagan became a municipality independent from its mother municipality, Balayan.

In 1931, Doña Carmen Roxas, the last heir of the Roxas Clan transferred ownership of the Hacienda to the Zobel brothers, Don Jacobo and Don Alfonso. During the time of the Zobels, the hacienda came to be known as “Central Azucarera de Calatagan” or simply “Central Carmen” when referring to the sugar milling complex.

In 1934, the barangays of Baha and Talibayog which were parts of the Municipality of Balayan were annexed to Calatagan since surveys showed that they are part of the land titled to the original owner of Hacienda Calatagan. This added a big area for the municipality.

In 1957, a decade after the Philippines gained independence from the Americans, the Land Tenure Administration, upon petition of the people of Calatagan bought the Hacienda Lands from the Zobels. These were apportioned to the inhabitants and sold to them at PhP5.00 per hectare payable in installment within a period of 25 years.[4]

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Calatagan
Year Pop.   ±% p.a.  
1990 35,543 —    
1995 40,707 +2.75%
2000 45,068 +2.06%
2007 51,544 +1.94%
2010 51,997 +0.29%
Source: National Statistics Office[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipalities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 23 January 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: Batangas". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 11 February 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 11 February 2013. 
  4. ^ "Brief Description of LGU". Calatagan LGU Website. Retrieved 14 June 2014. 

External links[edit]