Map of Romblon with Calatrava highlighted
|Region||MIMAROPA (Region IV-B)|
|• Mayor||Robert M. Fabella|
|• Vice Mayor||Berlito F. Fajel Jr.|
|• Total||86.70 km2 (33.48 sq mi)|
|• Density||110/km2 (290/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
Calatrava is situated along the northern coastal plains and rugged terrain of Tablas Island. It is bounded on the north by Tablas Strait, on the east by municipality of San Agustin, on the south and west by the municipality of San Andres. The municipality has a total land area of 8,670 hectares (21,400 acres) constituting 6.39% of Romblon's land area.
- San Roque
Calatrava, once a barrio in the town of San Agustin (then called Badajoz) in Tablas Island. During pre-Spanish period, the place was called "Andagao", named after a medicinal plant growing in abundance everywhere in the locality especially in places along the shore.
Around 1810, the first settlers in Andagao migrated from Banton and Romblon islands, as well as in central parts of Tablas Island, in search of lands more suitable for agriculture. The Bantoanons were the first settlers of the municipality and joined later by migrants from Odiongan of which, like them, spoke Bantoanon. Today, this group of people made up the great portion of its residents, while the northern barangays of Linao, Pangulo and Talisay have significant Romblomanon residents. Onhan settlers originally from central Tablas decided to settle in the southern barangay of Balogo.
Around 1838, Andagao was organized into a fundacion (settlement) attached to visita (village) of Odiongan under the pueblo of Banton by the Spanish colonial authorities. The following year, a Spanish friar named Padre Jose Aznar from the parish of Banton visited the place and planned the construction of its first Roman Catholic church made of wood and limestone. Elueterio Asuncion, the barrio's cabeza de barangay spearheaded its construction. After the church was completed, Andagao immediately progressed and developed.
In 1850, people started using family names beginning with letter "F" as decreed by Spanish Governor-General Narciso Claveria issued on 21 November 1848. Thus, Eleuterio Asuncion changed his name to Eleuterio Fetalino in compliance with the decree.
On 19 March 1853, the District of Romblon or Politico Militar Commandancia del Distrito de Romblon was organized as a separate entity from Capiz province. Romblon then had only four established pueblos or towns, namely Romblon (the capital town), Banton, Cajidiocan (formerly known as Sibuyan) and Looc. In 1855, 17 new towns were created which included Andagao. This was Calatrava’s first proclamation as a municipality. However, when the District of Romblon was elevated into a full-pledge province or Politico Militar Commandancia dela Provincia de Romblon, a total of 15 towns were abolished, including Andagao. It reverted to its former status as a visita and it was annexed to the town of Guintiguian (renamed Badajoz on August 28, 1868, now San Agustin).
On 14 June 1881, Andagao was renamed Calatrava during the term of the controversial military governor of Romblon, Don Jose Fernandez de Terran (1880–1883), after the Military Order of Calatrava. The military order was founded by the Cistercian monk St. Raymond of Fitero upon the encouragement of Fray Diego Velázquez. They were tasked to defend the castle of Calatrava and other crucial towns and cities in the Andalucian region from invasions and attacks from the Moors. Meanwhile, in Bantoanon folklore, the word "Calatrava" is said to have originated from the Bantoanon word "kayat", which means, "scattered", and "grava" or "gravel". Thus, Calatrava refers to "a place scattered with gravel".
Calatrava remained part of Badajoz municipality throughout the American colonial period until 4 June 1940, when Commonwealth Act No. 581 (authored by Congressman Leonardo Festin) was passed and created the special municipality of Tablas, with its seat at Odiongan. The town of Badajoz became part of the new municipality and was represented with one special municipal councilor at the municipal council in Odiongan. Calatrava, being a barrio of Badajoz then, was not represented. On 4 June 1943, during the Second World War, the special municipality of Calatrava was created upon the sponsorship of the guerilla movement regime under the Revolutionary Republic of the Philippines. Its first and only mayor was the Benito Famini, Sr. who served up to the liberation period. This was Calatrava's second proclamation as a municipality.
On 1 October 1946 Commonwealth Act No. 581 was repealed through the passage of Republic Act No. 38 sponsored by Congressman Modesto Formilleza. Badajoz regained back its independent municipal status and Calatrava was annexed back to Badajoz municipality as a barrio. The same year, a three-man delegation composed of Mr. Pablo Fetalino, Mr. Lauriano Falcutila, Sr. and Mr. Jose C. Capa from Calatrava went to Manila to lobby for a bill in Congress that will establish Calatrava as an independent municipality but it didn't push through.
On 15 June 1968, through the sponsorship Congressman Jose D. Moreno, Republic Act No. 5317 was drafted and approved which finally established Calatrava as an independent municipality. Thus Calatrava became Romblon's 15th independent constituency under the category of municipal-district. This was Calatrava's third proclamation as a municipality. On 23 June 1969, the municipal district of Calatrava was converted into full-fledged municipality through the passage of Executive Order No. 184, converting all existing municipal-district into regular municipalities.
|Population census of Calatrava|
|Source: National Statistics Office|
Bantoanon or Asi is the native language of Barangay Poblacion, Pagsangajan and San Roque, while both Asi and Ini are used in Barangay Talisay, Linao and Pangulo. Onhan is used by majority of Barangay Balogo's inhabitants, however in some of its sitios, both Asi and Ini are also being used regularly by its native residents.
The following are the duly elected officials of Calatrava for the term 2010–2013:
|Mayor||Hon. Robert M. Fabella|
|Vice-Mayor||Hon. Berlito F. Fajel Jr.|
- "Municipalities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 January 2013.
- "Province: Romblon". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 31 January 2013.
- "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 31 January 2013.
- Profile: Calatrava Romblon Travel Guide. Retrieved on 2012-04-16.
- About Calatrava Official Website of the Municipality of Calatrava, Romblon. Retrieved on 2012-04-16.
- Jernegan, Prescott Ford (1905) "A Short History of the Philippines: For use in Philippine schools". pp. 232-234. D. Appleton and Company, New York.
- Republic Act No. 38 LawPH.com Retrieved 2012-04-16
- AN ACT CREATING THE MUNICIPAL DISTRICT OF CALATRAVA IN THE PROVINCE OF ROMBLON LawPH.com Retrieved on 2012-04-16
- Philippine Standard Geographic Code
- 2007 Philippine Census Information
- Local Governance Performance Management System
|Tablas Strait||San Agustin|