Calau

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Calau
Town hall of Calau
Town hall of Calau
Coat of arms of Calau
Coat of arms
Calau   is located in Germany
Calau
Calau
Coordinates: 51°44′45″N 13°57′03″E / 51.74583°N 13.95083°E / 51.74583; 13.95083Coordinates: 51°44′45″N 13°57′03″E / 51.74583°N 13.95083°E / 51.74583; 13.95083
Country Germany
State Brandenburg
District Oberspreewald-Lausitz
Subdivisions Town of Calau and 11 Ortsteile
Government
 • Mayor Werner Suchner (Ind.)
Area
 • Total 162.59 km2 (62.78 sq mi)
Elevation 93 m (305 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 8,152
 • Density 50/km2 (130/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 03205
Dialling codes 03541
Vehicle registration OSL, CA, SFB
Website www.calau.de/
Calau with parish church
Calau 1758

Calau (German pronunciation: [kaːlaʊ], Sorbian: Kalawa) is a small town in the Oberspreewald-Lausitz district, in southern Brandenburg, Germany. It is situated 14 km south of Lübbenau, and 27 km west of Cottbus. Calau is also called the home of the Kalauer.

Geography[edit]

The Town of Calau is situated in the middle of the Niederlausitz, about 27 km west of Cottbus at the eastern edge of the Lower Lusatian Ridge Nature Park as well as at the southern edge of the famous Spreewald.

The area around Calau is strongly characterized by former brown-coal-mining sites, which are valuable retreat areas for animals and plants nowadays. Many places are left to nature after recultivation, the Heinz-Sielmann-Stiftung adopted numerous areas, others are managed near-natural and sustainably by the "Landesforstverwaltung". Foresters offer walking tours through the region. Particularly the "Geologische und Naturlehrpfad Luttchensberg" is a sight to see.

Town subdivisions[edit]

Population[edit]

There are only a few people with Sorbian roots living in Calau today, although the Sorbs were quite a large minority in 1843 with about 30.8 percent of the overall population. In following years the number of Sorbs decreased rapidly, and in 1900 only 3.5 percent of the population were Sorbs.

Demography[edit]

Calau:
Population development within the current boundaries
[3]
Year Population
1875 7 359
1890 7 266
1910 7 536
1925 7 942
1933 8 028
1939 8 303
1946 11 148
1950 11 045
1964 11 155
1971 11 378
Year Population
1981 10 496
1985 10 638
1989 10 842
1990 10 710
1991 10 536
1992 10 495
1993 10 400
1994 10 393
1995 10 317
1996 10 218
Year Population
1997 10 156
1998 10 066
1999 9 961
2000 9 809
2001 9 680
2002 9 557
2003 9 429
2004 9 335
2005 9 222
2006 9 072
Year Population
2007 8 939
2008 8 813
2009 8 666
2010 8 522
2011 8 315
2012 8 152

Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.[4]

Politics[edit]

Municipal Assembly[edit]

The municipal assembly (Stadtverordnetenversammlung) consists of 18 "Stadtverordneten" plus the "Buergermeister" (town mayor).

(Stand: Kommunalwahl am 28. September 2008)

International relations[edit]

Historical sites[edit]

Memorial for Joachim Gottschalk
  • Memorial at the Karl-Marx-Straße/Ecke Parkstraße, 1928 initially dedicated to the first Reichspräsident Friedrich Ebert, destroyed by the Nazis in 1933, to be dedicated to the victims of National socialism in 1948, rededicated again in 1989 to the victims of Fascism and Stalinism
  • Memorial for actor Joachim Gottschalk. When his Jewish wife Meta and son Michael were to be deported, the whole family decided to commit suicide on November 6, 1941. The bronze figure, which was created by Theo Balden in 1967, resembles the actor. It was initially located in a park but had to be moved due to the building of the local Sparkasse in the 1990s. Its new place is a memorial wall in the Joachim-Gottschalk-Straße 35.

Economy and infrastructure[edit]

The transmitter station Calau, which belongs to the Deutsche Telekom radiates a variety of VHF-and TV-programmes of the rbb for Brandenburg. Its radio mast is a reinforced concrete tower of 190 m height, the so-called "Langer Calauer", in the southwest of town. It was built in 1982.

Traffic[edit]

There are no "Bundesstrassen" going through Calau, the motorway junction Calau is seven km to the northwest at the A 13.

Calau is situated at the railroad lines CottbusLeipzig and LübbenauSenftenberg.

Edification[edit]

Schools[edit]

Personalities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung im Land Brandenburg nach amtsfreien Gemeinden, Ämtern und Gemeinden 31. Dezember 2012 (XLS-Datei; 83 KB) (Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011)". Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg (in German). 31 December 2012. 
  2. ^ ...more at the german Wikipedia
  3. ^ Boundaries as of 2013
  4. ^ Population Projection Brandenburg at Wikimedia Commons

Bibliography

  • Richard Moderhack: Die ältere Geschichte der Stadt Calau in der Niederlausitz, Dissertation 1932

External links[edit]