Calbuco

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other uses, see Calbuco (disambiguation).
Calbuco
City and Commune
San Miguel Arcangel de Calbuco
San Miguel Arcangel de Calbuco
Flag
Flag
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Location of the commune of Calbuco in Los Lagos Region
Location of the commune of Calbuco in Los Lagos Region
Calbuco is located in Chile
Calbuco
Calbuco
Location in Chile
Coordinates: 41°46′S 73°08′W / 41.767°S 73.133°W / -41.767; -73.133
Country Chile
Region Los Lagos
Province Llanquihue
Founded as Fuerte San Miguel de Calbuco
Founded May, 1603
Government[1]
 • Type Municipality
 • Alcalde Rubén Cárdenas Gómez (PRSD)
Area[2]
 • Total 590.8 km2 (228.1 sq mi)
Elevation 7 m (23 ft)
Population (2012 Census)[2]
 • Total 32,963
 • Density 56/km2 (140/sq mi)
 • Urban 12,165
 • Rural 18,905
Sex[2]
 • Men 15,906
 • Women 15,164
Time zone CLT (UTC−4)
 • Summer (DST) CLST (UTC−3)
Area code(s) 56 + 65
Website Municipality of Calbuco

Calbuco is a city and commune in southern Chile administered by the Municipality of Calbuco. Administratively Calbuco belongs to the Llanquihue Province of Los Lagos Region. The origin of the city was the Spanish Fort Calbuco founded in 1603, and became later an important fish market. The archaeological site of Monte Verde lies within the commune.

Calbuco Island is part of the commune and contains the city of Calbuco.

History[edit]

See also: Indios reyunos

The settlement of Calbuco gre out of the fort Fuerte San Miguel de Calbuco which was founded in 1603 by Francisco Hernández Ortiz-Pizarro.

Calbuco was the capital of Calbuco Department, Chiloé between 1834 and 1855, and of Carelmapu Department between 1855 and 1928. It was capital of Calbuco Department, Llanquihue between 1937 and 1975.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2002 census of the National Statistics Institute, Calbuco spans an area of 590.8 km2 (228 sq mi) and has 31,070 inhabitants (15,906 men and 15,164 women). Of these, 12,165 (39.2%) lived in urban areas and 18,905 (60.8%) in rural areas. The population grew by 15% (4,043 persons) between the 1992 and 2002 censuses.[2]

Administration[edit]

As a commune, Calbuco is a third-level administrative division of Chile administered by a municipal council, headed by an alcalde who is directly elected every four years. The 2008-2012 alcalde is Rubén Cárdenas Gómez (PRSD), and the council has the following members:[1]

  • Pedro Yáñez (RN)
  • Luis Garay (PPD)
  • Doris Villarroel (PDC)
  • Ramón Andrade Chávez (Ind./PS)
  • Ana Celia Díaz Velásquez (UDI)
  • Nelson Villarroel Castrillón (RN)

Within the electoral divisions of Chile, Calbuco is represented in the Chamber of Deputies by Marisol Turres (UDI) and Patricio Vallespín (PDC) as part of the 57th electoral district, (together with Puerto Montt, Cochamó and Maullín). The commune is represented in the Senate by Camilo Escalona Medina (PS) and Carlos Kuschel Silva (RN) as part of the 17th senatorial constituency (Los Lagos Region).

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b (Spanish) "Municipality of Calbuco". Retrieved 7 September 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c d (Spanish) "National Statistics Institute". Retrieved 16 January 2010. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°46′S 73°08′W / 41.767°S 73.133°W / -41.767; -73.133