|City and Commune|
San Miguel Arcangel de Calbuco
|Founded as||Fuerte San Miguel de Calbuco|
|• Alcalde||Rubén Cárdenas Gómez (PRSD)|
|• Total||590.8 km2 (228.1 sq mi)|
|Elevation||7 m (23 ft)|
|Population (2012 Census)|
|• Density||56/km2 (140/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CLT (UTC−4)|
|• Summer (DST)||CLST (UTC−3)|
|Area code(s)||56 + 65|
|Website||Municipality of Calbuco|
Calbuco is a city and commune in southern Chile administered by the Municipality of Calbuco. Administratively Calbuco belongs to the Llanquihue Province of Los Lagos Region. The origin of the city was the Spanish Fort Calbuco founded in 1603, and became later an important fish market. The archaeological site of Monte Verde lies within the commune.
Calbuco Island is part of the commune and contains the city of Calbuco.
The settlement of Calbuco gre out of the fort Fuerte San Miguel de Calbuco which was founded in 1603 by Francisco Hernández Ortiz-Pizarro.
According to the 2002 census of the National Statistics Institute, Calbuco spans an area of 590.8 km2 (228 sq mi) and has 31,070 inhabitants (15,906 men and 15,164 women). Of these, 12,165 (39.2%) lived in urban areas and 18,905 (60.8%) in rural areas. The population grew by 15% (4,043 persons) between the 1992 and 2002 censuses.
As a commune, Calbuco is a third-level administrative division of Chile administered by a municipal council, headed by an alcalde who is directly elected every four years. The 2008-2012 alcalde is Rubén Cárdenas Gómez (PRSD), and the council has the following members:
- Pedro Yáñez (RN)
- Luis Garay (PPD)
- Doris Villarroel (PDC)
- Ramón Andrade Chávez (Ind./PS)
- Ana Celia Díaz Velásquez (UDI)
- Nelson Villarroel Castrillón (RN)
Within the electoral divisions of Chile, Calbuco is represented in the Chamber of Deputies by Marisol Turres (UDI) and Patricio Vallespín (PDC) as part of the 57th electoral district, (together with Puerto Montt, Cochamó and Maullín). The commune is represented in the Senate by Camilo Escalona Medina (PS) and Carlos Kuschel Silva (RN) as part of the 17th senatorial constituency (Los Lagos Region).
- (Spanish) Municipality of Calbuco