Calcinaia

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Calcinaia
Comune
Comune di Calcinaia
Calcinaia Arno.jpg
Coat of arms of Calcinaia
Coat of arms
Calcinaia is located in Italy
Calcinaia
Calcinaia
Location of Calcinaia in Italy
Coordinates: 43°41′N 10°37′E / 43.683°N 10.617°E / 43.683; 10.617
Country Italy
Region Tuscany
Province Pisa (PI)
Frazioni Fornacette
Government
 • Mayor Marta Perini
Area
 • Total 15.0 km2 (5.8 sq mi)
Elevation 16 m (52 ft)
Population (31 December 2008)[1]
 • Total 11,039
 • Density 740/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
Demonym Calcinaioli
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 56030
Dialing code 0587
Website Official website

Calcinaia (Latin: Vicus Vitri) is a comune (municipality) and town in the province of Pisa in the Italian region Tuscany, located about 50 kilometres (31 mi) west of Florence and about 20 kilometres (12 mi) east of Pisa.

Calcinaia borders the following municipalities: Bientina, Cascina, Pontedera, Santa Maria a Monte, Vicopisano.

History[edit]

Calcinaia was founded before the year 1000 on the right bank of the Arno River as Vico Vitri, the current name being attested from 1193. At the time it was a fief of the counts of Fucecchio, later replaced by the Upezzinghi Ghibelline family of Pisa.

Contended for centuries by the Republics of Pisa and Lucca, it was later conquered by Florence in the 15th century. In 1555 Grand Duke Cosimo I de' Medici had hydraulic works built here to regulate the floods of the Arno, a move which boosted agriculture in the area.

Twin towns[edit]

Calcinaia has also signed friendship agreements with:

References[edit]

  1. ^ All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.

External links[edit]