Urinary calcium

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Urinary calcium is calcium in the urine. It is termed -calcuria or -calciuria as a suffix.

Normal amount[edit]

In a urinalysis, the normal amount of urinary calcium can be measured in amount per time (commonly per 24 hours). It can also be measured in amount per mass of creatinine, which avails for estimating the urinary calcium excretion in a spot urine sample, because urinary creatinine clearance is relatively unaffected by differences in free water clearance which occurs, for example, in dehydration and which would distort the interpretation of the urinary calcium in a spot urine sample.

Normally, in an average adult, the amount of calcium excreted in the urine is 100–250 mg over a 24-hour period.[1] For those on low-calcium diets, there is normally 50–150 mg/24 hours, while those on a calcium-free diet will have 5–40 mg/24 hours.[1]

The following reference ranges are for persons with average calcium intake (600–800 mg/day for adults):

Individual Lower limit Upper limit Unit
Females 20[2] 275[2] mg calcium / 24 hours
Males 25[2] 300[2]
Age 0–12 months 2,100[2] mg calcium / g creatinine
Age 13–24 months 450[2]
Age 25 months-5 years 350[2]
Age 6–10 years 300[2]
Age 11–18 years 260[2]
Age > or =19 years 220[2]

Disorders[edit]

An abnormally high amount of urinary calcium is called hypercalciuria and an abnormally low amount is called hypocalcuria.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b medscape.com > Urine Calcium: Laboratory Measurement and Clinical Utility By Kevin F. Foley, PhD, DABCC; Lorenzo Boccuzzi, DO. Posted: 12/26/2010; Laboratory Medicine. 2010;41(11):683-686. © 2010 American Society for Clinical Pathology. In turn citing:
    • Wu HBA. Tietz Guide to Clinical Laboratory Tests. 4th ed. St. Louis, MO: Saunders, Elsevier; 2006.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Mayo Medical Laboratories > Unit Code 89777: Calcium/Creatinine, 24 Hour, Urine Retrieved August 2011