Caldervale Line

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Caldervale Line
Overview
Locale West Yorkshire
Greater Manchester
Lancashire
Leeds
North West England
Yorkshire and the Humber
Operation
Owner Network Rail
Operator(s) Northern Rail
Technical
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Caldervale Line
York
Selby
Leeds
Bramley (West Yorkshire)
New Pudsey
Bradford Interchange
Low Moor(planned)
Halifax
To Leeds
Brighouse
Huddersfield
To Manchester
Sowerby Bridge
Mytholmroyd
Hebden Bridge
Todmorden
Walsden
Littleborough
Smithy Bridge
Burnley Manchester Road
Accrington
Blackburn
Rochdale
Castleton
Mills Hill
Moston
Preston
Blackpool North
Manchester Victoria Manchester Metrolink
Caldervale, Huddersfield, and York and Selby lines
North TransPennine service continues to
Scarborough, Middlesbrough, and Newcastle
York
East Coast Main Line
Ulleskelf
Church Fenton
Hull
Brough
Selby
East Coast Main Line
South Milford
Micklefield–Leeds
Micklefield
East Leeds Parkway(Proposed)
East Garforth
Garforth
Cross Gates
Leeds
Cottingley
Bramley (West Yorkshire)
Morley
New Pudsey
Batley
Dewsbury
Ravensthorpe
Wakefield Westgate
Wakefield Kirkgate
Grand Central service to London King's Cross
Dewsbury–Mirfield
Mirfield
Bradford Interchange
Low Moor(planned)
Halifax
Brighouse
Sowerby Bridge
Deighton(services to/from Brighouse do not call here)
Mytholmroyd
Hebden Bridge
Huddersfield
Slaithwaite
Marsden
Greenfield
Mossley
Todmorden
Walsden
Littleborough
Smithy Bridge
Burnley Manchester Road
Accrington
Blackburn
Rochdale
Castleton
Mills Hill
Moston
Preston
Poulton-le-Fylde
Blackpool North
Stalybridge
Ashton-under-Lyne
Manchester Airport Airport interchange
Manchester Victoria Manchester Metrolink
Manchester Piccadilly Manchester Metrolink
Manchester Oxford Road
North Transpennine service calls at Birchwood,
Warrington Central, and Liverpool South Parkway
Liverpool Lime Street
 Current services 
  • Northern Rail services:
    • York–Leeds–Halifax–Blackpool North
    • Selby–Leeds-Bradford-Halifax–Huddersfield
    • Huddersfield-Wakefield Westgate
    • Huddersfield–Manchester Victoria
    • Leeds–Dewsbury–Brighouse–Manchester Victoria
    • Leeds–Halifax–Manchester Victoria
    North TransPennine services
    (via Leeds and Huddersfield)
    • Hull–Manchester Picadilly
    • Middlesbrough–Manchester Airport
    • Newcastle–Manchester Airport
    • Scarborough–Liverpool Lime Street
    Grand Central service
Railway lines in Leeds in 1913
Railway lines around Huddersfield in 1911
Railway lines around Manchester in 1910
Eastbound local train between Mirfield and Thornhill in 1953
Calder Valley main line near Mirfield in 1964
Two eastbound empties trains west of Mirfield in 1950

The Caldervale Line is a railway route in Northern England between the cities of Leeds and Manchester as well as the seaside resort of Blackpool. It is the slower of the two main rail routes between Leeds and Manchester, and the northernmost of the three main trans-Pennine routes.

The "Caldervale Line" name was given to the route by the West Yorkshire Metro transport authority, as it is primarily within the West Yorkshire area. It also extends into Greater Manchester and Lancashire.

Services[edit]

Passenger train services are operated by Northern Rail and run on the following pattern:

This line, along with the Huddersfield Line and York & Selby Lines, is normally merged in national timetables to show a coast-to-coast service. Services within West Yorkshire are sponsored by West Yorkshire Metro, whose tickets (including Metrocards) can be used up to Hebden Bridge between Leeds and Blackpool, and Walsden between Leeds and Manchester.

The route[edit]

Before the 1923 Grouping the first section of the line (Leeds – Bradford) was owned by the Great Northern Railway (GNR); and the entire remainder by the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway (L&YR), apart from the final section of the branch leading into Huddersfield, which was owned by the London and North Western Railway (LNWR).

For the section between Halifax and Burnley the line uses the valley of the River Calder, which in fact comprises two separate valleys with rivers of the same name, that of West Yorkshire and the Lancashire River Calder thus giving the services their name; it also follows the Rochdale Canal from Todmorden into Manchester. Since the route crosses the Pennines, there are many tunnels to negotiate en route.

The British Railways Board's Corporate Plan for 1983 – 1988 marked the routes between Milner Royd Junction (east of Sowerby Bridge) and Bowling Junction (south of Bradford Interchange); and Milner Royd Junction and Heaton Lodge Junction (west of Mirfield) to be 'singled' on a list "The Proposed Elimination of Non-Essential Multiple Tracks".[1] A combination of factors meant this was never implemented: the better gradients for freight than the Huddersfield trans-Pennine route; and the mid-1980s uncertainty over the Settle-Carlisle route meant that this became the preferred route for goods between Leeds and Preston/Carlisle.

The route description follows. For the initial section of the route, see Leeds and Bradford Lines.

Bradford – Halifax[edit]

Many stations on this route have been closed. Stations currently open are in bold. Original places served, and notes on the route:

On 24 October 1901 as the 6.10 pm down goods train from Low Moor to Leeds to was passing through Bowling Tunnel, the rear section broke loose. It came to a stop in the tunnel and was run into from behind by the 9.05 pm goods train from Low Moor to Laisterdyke. Wreckage partly blocking the up line was then hit by the 9 pm passenger train from Leeds to Manchester. No one was killed but there was extensive damage to rolling stock.[2]

Halifax – Huddersfield[edit]

This route was re-opened to passengers in 2000 when Brighouse station was re-opened, and a short length of line relaid to enable trains to reach Huddersfield.

Halifax – Manchester Victoria[edit]

Many stations on this route have been closed (or are not served by the Caldervale Line trains): original stations served:

On 28 February 1902 a Wakefield to Rose Grove goods train broke into two due to a broken coupling, resulting in the rear half eventually crashing at high speed into the front half in Millwood Tunnel. No one was killed but wreckage filled the tunnel right up to the roof.[3]

Summit Tunnel was the scene of a major fire in 1984, caused when a freight train hauling petrol tankers derailed.

Blackpool route[edit]

Trains continue up the Calder valley to Burnley and Blackburn; it also runs parallel with the Leeds and Liverpool Canal from Burnley. The section from Todmorden to Burnley (often called the Copy Pit line) was opened by the Manchester and Leeds Railway (later L&YR) on 12 November 1849. The East Lancashire Railway (later L&YR) built the Burnley to Preston line, Burnley to Accrington 18 September 1848, Accrington to Blackburn 19 June 1848, and the Blackburn to Preston section on 1 June 1846.

The Rose Grove – Todmorden (Hall Royd) local service over this route ended in 1965, the only passenger services being a daily Leeds – Blackpool train. In mid-1982 the last tanker train travelled over the line, with the expectation of closure shortly after. A turning point came when the National and Provincial Building Society moved staff from Burnley to Bradford. The Society arranged for a Preston – Bradford Interchange train to be run to move staff from their home base to Bradford offices. In October 1984 British Rail developed this into five trains each way between Leeds and Preston with one extended to Blackpool.[4]

Many stations on this route have been closed (or are not served by the Caldervale Line trains): original stations served and other notes on the route:

    • Hall Royd Junction: see above; there are now no stations on the route before Burnley; stations once served, and notes on the route:
    • here was the junction with the original line from Todmorden (to Burnley), forming a triangle (closed 1972 but may be reopened in the near future).
    • Stansfield Hall station opened 1869, closed July 1944
    • here is Kitsonwood Tunnel (290 yards)
    • Nott Wood viaduct
    • Cornholme station closed to all traffic 26 September 1938
    • Portsmouth closed 7 July 1958
    • Copy Pit summit (749 ft)
    • Holme Tunnel (265 yards)
    • Holme: closed 28 July 1930
    • Towneley Tunnel (398 yards)
    • Towneley: serving the nearby Towneley Hall, closed 4 August 1952
    • Burnley Manchester Road station: (there are also Burnley Barracks and Burnley Central see below)
    • Gannow Junction where the line joins from Colne, Nelson, Brierfield, Burnley Central and Burnley Barracks
    • Rose Grove has an island platform with 2 disused bay platforms.
    • here was the Rose Grove Junction for the North Lancashire Loop, an alternative route to Blackburn via Padiham, Simonstone and Great Harwood (closed to passengers 2 December 1957)
    • Hapton
    • Huncoat
    • Accrington
    • here was the triangular junction for the line to Bury (closed 5 December 1966)
    • Church and Oswaldtwistle
    • Rishton
    • Rishton Tunnel
    • here was the other end of the line from Burnley at Great Harwood Junction
    • Blackburn Tunnel

Blackburn to Preston[edit]

This line is described in more detail in East Lancashire Line.

    • Blackburn: junction of the line to Bolton
    • Mill Hill
    • Cherry Tree
    • here was the L&YR/LNWR joint line (the Lancashire Union Joint Railway) to Chorley and the West Coast Route (opened 1 November 1869 and closed to passengers 4 January 1960)
    • Pleasington
    • Hoghton
    • Bamber Bridge
    • here was a junction for a direct route to Preston, the surviving route continues to Preston via Lostock Hall where there are further junctions, including one for the former through route to Liverpool.

Preston to Blackpool[edit]

This route is described in more detail in Blackpool Branch Lines.

Holme Tunnel engineering work[edit]

Holme Tunnel, which lies between Hebden Bridge and Burnley Manchester Road, was closed for 20 weeks from November 2013 until March 2014.[5] This was to allow for major engineering work to fix the distorted shape of the tunnel, caused by movement of the ground. The project was budgeted to cost £16.3million.[6] During the works, buses replaced train services. The tunnel re-opened on 24 March 2014, following the completion of the works. Trains can now pass through at 45 mph.[7]

Future[edit]

Improvements to the line are proposed as part of Network Rail's Northern Hub plans, which would allow for more frequent services on the line.[8] Some services via Bradford would also be extended to Chester, Liverpool and Manchester Airport.[8]

Low Moor station, between Bradford Interchange and Halifax, is due to be re-opened in 2015. A business case is being developed to re-open Elland station between Halifax and Brighouse.[9]

Todmorden Curve[edit]

The Todmorden Curve is a 440-yard (400 m) section of track at Hall Royd Junction near Todmorden which was lifted in 1972. Originally Hall Royd Junction was triangular, and the lifted curve allowed services from Burnley to reach Manchester via Todmorden; this is currently not possible directly. Reinstating the curve is now a priority for Lancashire County Council and was ranked as the most important project in its 2010 Rail Improvement Schemes draft report.[10] The government stated in March 2010 that reinstating the link would cost around £7 million and any new rail services would require initial subsidy.[11] Burnley MP Kitty Ussher has written to the North West Development Agency to seek assurance that it could find the money.[11] In October 2010 Network Rail agreed to pay for the final assessment of the plans.[12] This assessment, completed in May 2011, concluded that it could be feasible to reinstate the curve, although the original route could not be used as the original curve was deemed to be too sharp. An alternative route was instead put forward, and it was stated that, if funds could be obtained by early 2012 to carry forward the project, the curve could be back in use by the end of 2013.[13]

On 31 October 2011, the deputy Prime Minister announced that the scheme would be given the go-ahead.[14]

Construction work began in summer 2013, and the curve is planned to be available for the May 2014 timetable change.[15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rail Enthusiast Magazine, November 1983 pp 6–13
  2. ^ "Accident Report: Bowling Tunnel". Board of Trade. 1901. 
  3. ^ "Accident Report: Millwood Tunnel". Board of Trade. 1902. 
  4. ^ Batty, Stephen R., British Rail at Work: West Yorkshire, 1987 pp 70–71
  5. ^ "20 week closure for Holme tunnel upgrade". Modern Railways. 9 May 2013. Retrieved 15 September 2013. 
  6. ^ "Ground Force". The Rail Engineer. 7 November 2013. Retrieved 11 November 2013. 
  7. ^ "Holme Tunnel reopened on Monday 24 March". Northern Rail. Retrieved 12 April 2014. 
  8. ^ a b "The Northern Hub". Network Rail. Retrieved 10 April 2010. 
  9. ^ "Timetabling work complete ready for Bradford Low Moor opening in 2013". Rail (641) (Peterborough). 7 April 2010. p. 20. 
  10. ^ "Todmorden and Fleetwood top Lancashire's rail list". Rail (641) (Peterborough). 7 April 2010. pp. 16–17. 
  11. ^ a b "£7m. upfront price tag for Todmorden Curve rail link". Pendle Today (Nelson). 23 March 2010. Retrieved 10 April 2010. 
  12. ^ "UK News In Brief". Railway Herald (241). 4 October 2010. p. 5. Retrieved 6 October 2010. 
  13. ^ Moseley, Tom (17 May 2011). "Todmorden Curve could be running by 2013". Lancashire Telegraph (Blackburn). Retrieved 18 May 2011. 
  14. ^ Magill, Peter (31 October 2011). "Major boost as £9million rail link cash announced for Burnley". Lancashire Telegraph (Blackburn). Retrieved 2 November 2011. 
  15. ^ "Todmorden Curve journeys to start after May 2014". Lancashire Telegraph (Blackburn). 31 July 2012. Retrieved 4 July 2013. 

External links[edit]