Caldicot railway station

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Caldicot National Rail
Welsh: Cil-y-coed
Caldicot
Looking east towards Gloucester
Location
Place Caldicot
Local authority Monmouthshire
Grid reference ST474875
Operations
Station code CDT
Managed by Arriva Trains Wales
Number of platforms 2
Live arrivals/departures and station information
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage*
2004/05  59,699
2005/06 Increase 60,289
2006/07 Increase 70,289
2007/08 Increase 71,743
2008/09 Increase 79,858
2009/10 Decrease 79,006
2010/11 Increase 83,292
2011/12 Increase 85,426
2012/13 Increase 87,750
History
12 September 1932 Opened as Caldicot Halt[1]
5 May 1969 Renamed Caldicot[1]
National RailUK railway stations
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Caldicot from Office of Rail Regulation statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.
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Caldicot railway station is a part of the British railway system owned by Network Rail and is operated by Arriva Trains Wales.[2] Caldicot is a small town in Monmouthshire, south Wales. It is located between Chepstow and the city of Newport on the Gloucester line; the line to Bristol via the Severn Tunnel runs just to the north but there are no platforms here; however, Severn Tunnel Junction station is within walking distance for those wanting to travel to Bristol.

History[edit]

The railway line through Caldicot was built as the broad gauge South Wales Railway in 1850, although the nearest station was at Portskewett, two miles to the east.[3] In 1861 a private siding was opened to serve the Caldicot Iron & Wire Works, from 1880 the Severn Tinplate Works, on what is now the industrial estate on the Sudbrook road, south of the castle. In typical broad gauge fashion, these works lines used two short hand-worked turntables to move wagons between the lines, rather than points.[4]

In 1872, the South Wales Railway was re-gauged from broad gauge to standard gauge.[3] By 1875 the wire works was also served by a level crossing and a crossover between the two running lines, controlled by a signal box.[4] It is likely that this relaying was carried out earlier, as part of the re-gauging work.

In 1878, a branch line was laid to Sudbrook, to support the works for construction of the new Severn Tunnel.[4] One of the main tasks of this line was to deliver coal for the pumping engines needed to drain the tunnel workings. Even after the long-delayed tunnel opened in 1886, on the South Wales Main Line, this coal traffic remained the major reason for keeping this branch in service. By 1925,[4] the busier traffic on the main line had led to an expansion of the junction with a head siding. Further sidings were provided to the north of the running lines, on the town side. These were well to the east of where the station is today.

The low underpass to the Newport platform

Caldicot station opened as a passenger halt on 12 September 1932.[5] The road serving the station had been here for many years beforehand, since the building of the tunnel. It crosses the low tunnel line by an overbridge, then passes under the Gloucester line by an unusually low underpass.[6] This underpass was originally provided to give farm access to the land of the Caldicot Levels south of the railway and it is a mark of the passenger station's minor importance that such a restricted access continues to this day.

In 1939, construction began on the Royal Navy Propellant Factory, Caerwent. A second branch was laid from Caldicot, this time to the north east. The private siding agreements are first made in the name of the builders McAlpine, then the USAAF from 1943, and only transferred to the MoD as the Royal Navy in 1944.[4] To support the increased traffic, a second crossover was constructed, together with a loop siding on the Down line.

Although production at the Propellant Factory ceased in the 1960s, it remained an important storage depot for munitions until 1993. The branch remains in service to this day, although little used and mostly just as a storage area for railway vehicles awaiting scrapping. Most military use of the site, now as a training area, is handled by road, not rail.

The original tinplate works sidings and the sidings serving the town were also taken out of use in the 1960s.[4] Owing to later building work, no trace remains. The Sudbrook branch remains, although it is overgrown and no longer immediately usable.

Facilities[edit]

Caldicot station is on the southern edge of the town, reached by Station Road, a turnoff from Newport Road (B4245), the main road through the town, which crosses over the approach to the Severn Tunnel. The station consists of two short platforms, each with a bus stop style shelter with seats inside. Sloping ramps make wheeled access to both platforms feasible. To reach the platform for trains to Newport/Cardiff, a low bridge beneath the tracks must be passed under.

The station is unstaffed apart from occasional Saturday mornings or when major events occur at the Millennium Stadium, Cardiff, when a guard may be on duty for the purpose of selling tickets.

Recorded information, not always up to date, can be obtained via a push button speaker system located outside the station precincts.

The nearest bus stop is a five-minute walk away, where connections can be made for destinations along the bus route between Caldicot, Chepstow and Newport.

There is no adjacent car parking but there is a local social club with a car park not far away.

Services[edit]

Although numerous trains pass through the station, the local train service is sporadic, running at best an hourly service in each direction.

Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
Severn Tunnel Junction   Arriva Trains Wales
Maesteg / Cardiff Central - Cheltenham Spa
  Chepstow
Severn Tunnel Junction   CrossCountry
Cardiff Central - Birmingham New Street / Nottingham
(Mondays to Saturdays only, limited service)
  Chepstow

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Butt (1995), p.51.
  2. ^ "Station Facilities for Caldicot". National Rail Enquiries. Association of Train Operating Companies. Retrieved 2008-11-04. 
  3. ^ a b Hodge, John (2002). The South Wales Main Line. Part Two: Severn Tunnel to Newport. Wild Swan Publications. p. 1,35. ISBN 1-874103-76-3. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f Cooke, R.A. (1985). Section 36: Ross, Monmouth and Chepstow. Track Layout Diagrams of the GWR and BR WR (2nd ed.). p. 2. 
  5. ^ Hodge South Wales Main Line, pp. 6–9
  6. ^ Ordnance Survey map of 1921, reproduced in Hodge South Wales Main Line, pp. 6–7

Sources[edit]

  • Butt, R. V. J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt, platform and stopping place, past and present (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 1-8526-0508-1. OCLC 60251199. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°35′04″N 2°45′35″W / 51.5845°N 2.7598°W / 51.5845; -2.7598