Caldwell, Idaho

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Caldwell, Idaho
City
Nickname(s): The Treasure of the Valley
Motto: More to Offer
Location in Canyon County and the state of Idaho
Location in Canyon County and the state of Idaho
Coordinates: 43°39′30″N 116°40′49″W / 43.65833°N 116.68028°W / 43.65833; -116.68028Coordinates: 43°39′30″N 116°40′49″W / 43.65833°N 116.68028°W / 43.65833; -116.68028
Country United States
State Idaho
County Canyon
Government
 • Mayor Garret Nancolas
Area[1]
 • City 22.11 sq mi (57.26 km2)
 • Land 22.06 sq mi (57.14 km2)
 • Water 0.05 sq mi (0.13 km2)
Elevation 2,375 ft (724 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • City 46,237
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 47,668
 • Density 2,096.0/sq mi (809.3/km2)
 • Metro 624,000
Time zone Mountain (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) Mountain (UTC-6)
ZIP codes 83605-83607
Area code(s) 208
FIPS code 16-12250
GNIS feature ID 0397514
Website www.cityofcaldwell.com

Caldwell is a city in and the county seat of Canyon County, Idaho, United States.[4] The population was 46,237 at the 2010 census.[5]

Caldwell is considered part of the Boise metropolitan area. Caldwell is the home of the College of Idaho.

History[edit]

Grain elevators in Caldwell (1941)

In the 1870s and 1880s, Caldwell was home to hundreds of Chinese immigrants, but the town was central in Idaho's aggressive anti-Chinese backlash that culminated in an 1886 convention of the Anti-Chinese League in Boise. By 1890 every last immigrant had been driven from town by social pressures and outright violence.[6]

In March 1908, at the end of a series of trials relating to a Coeur d'Alene miners' uprising and the Colorado Labor Wars, Albert Horsley, better known by his pseudonym Harry Orchard, pleaded guilty in District Court in Caldwell to the assassination of former Idaho governor Frank Steunenberg. Judge Fremont Wood sentenced Orchard to hang, but his sentence was commuted, and he lived out the rest of his life in an Idaho prison. This result flowed from Orchard's having turned state's evidence and having become the prosecution's star witness against Big Bill Haywood and two other leaders of the Western Federation of Miners whom the prosecution alleged had masterminded Steunenberg's assassination. Haywood and his colleagues, however, represented by Clarence Darrow, were acquitted.

Caldwell was named after Alexander Caldwell, a former U.S. Senator from Kansas. He was the president of the Idaho and Oregon Land Improvement Company, which purchased acreage next to the tracks of the Oregon Short Line Railroad and sold lots for a town site.[7][8]

Features[edit]

Caldwell has 5 secondary schools including Caldwell High School and 6 elementary schools.[9] Caldwell also has 10 city parks, a public golf course near downtown, a city pool,[10] and a skatepark.[11]

In addition, the Caldwell Industrial Airport is located southeast of downtown. The College of Idaho is located in Caldwell and is one of the oldest 4 year institutions in the state

Caldwell has a high quality water system, which remained untreated and met all federal guidelines until the 1990s when the Federal Government mandated chlorination.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

Caldwell is located at 43°39′30″N 116°40′49″W / 43.65833°N 116.68028°W / 43.65833; -116.68028 (43.658239, -116.680390).[12]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 22.11 square miles (57.26 km2), of which, 22.06 square miles (57.14 km2) is land and 0.05 square miles (0.13 km2) is water.[1]

Climate[edit]

Caldwell experiences a semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk) with short, cold winters and hot, dry summers.

Climate data for Caldwell, Idaho
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 66
(19)
70
(21)
84
(29)
94
(34)
102
(39)
106
(41)
110
(43)
112
(44)
104
(40)
94
(34)
79
(26)
69
(21)
112
(44)
Average high °F (°C) 37.1
(2.8)
46.1
(7.8)
57.4
(14.1)
66.3
(19.1)
75.1
(23.9)
84.2
(29)
92.6
(33.7)
91.7
(33.2)
80.8
(27.1)
67.0
(19.4)
49.3
(9.6)
37.9
(3.3)
65.5
(18.6)
Average low °F (°C) 21.1
(−6.1)
26.2
(−3.2)
32.6
(0.3)
38.5
(3.6)
46.2
(7.9)
52.8
(11.6)
58.1
(14.5)
55.8
(13.2)
45.8
(7.7)
36.6
(2.6)
28.4
(−2)
21.3
(−5.9)
38.6
(3.7)
Record low °F (°C) −31
(−35)
−21
(−29)
−6
(−21)
12
(−11)
22
(−6)
29
(−2)
37
(3)
31
(−1)
23
(−5)
15
(−9)
−4
(−20)
−34
(−37)
−34
(−37)
Precipitation inches (mm) 1.55
(39.4)
1.11
(28.2)
1.29
(32.8)
1.13
(28.7)
1.01
(25.7)
0.67
(17)
0.30
(7.6)
0.35
(8.9)
0.59
(15)
0.73
(18.5)
1.28
(32.5)
1.39
(35.3)
11.4
(289.6)
Source #1: NOAA (normals, 1971–2000)[13]
Source #2: The Weather Channel (Records)[14]

Demographics[edit]

The public pool in Caldwell, Idaho
Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 779
1900 997 28.0%
1910 3,543 255.4%
1920 5,106 44.1%
1930 4,974 −2.6%
1940 7,272 46.2%
1950 10,487 44.2%
1960 12,230 16.6%
1970 14,219 16.3%
1980 17,669 24.3%
1990 18,400 4.1%
2000 25,967 41.1%
2010 46,237 78.1%
Est. 2012 47,668 [15] 3.1%
source:[16][17]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 46,237 people, 14,895 households, and 10,776 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,096.0 inhabitants per square mile (809.3 /km2). There were 16,323 housing units at an average density of 739.9 per square mile (285.7 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 77.5% White, 0.6% African American, 1.2% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 16.1% from other races, and 3.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 35.4% of the population.

There were 14,895 households of which 46.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.5% were married couples living together, 15.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 27.7% were non-families. 21.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.00 and the average family size was 3.51.

The median age in the city was 28.2 years. 33.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 11.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 28.4% were from 25 to 44; 18.2% were from 45 to 64; and 8.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.4% male and 50.6% female.

The median income for a household in the city was $37,336. The per capita income for the city was $15,731. About 20.2% of the population was below the poverty line.[5]

Revitalization[edit]

In 2009 the City of Caldwell completed a revitalization project to restore Indian Creek. Indian Creek runs through downtown Caldwell. However, because it was primarily used for sewage from local industries it had been covered over. The restored creek includes attractions such as suspended bridges.[18] Caldwell currently holds an annual Indian Creek Festival every September that was first held in 2003. The event includes a fun run and a tug of war.[19]

Part of the renovated Indian Creek in downtown Caldwell, Idaho

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-18. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-18. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-03. 
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  5. ^ a b "Caldwell Quick Facts". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-02-26. 
  6. ^ "Big Trouble". Retrieved 2012-02-26. 
  7. ^ "A Brief History of Caldwell, Idaho". Caldwell Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved June 25, 2013. 
  8. ^ "Idaho for the Curious", by Cort Conley, ©1982, ISBN 0-9603566-3-0, p.387
  9. ^ "Caldwell School District". Retrieved 2012-02-26. 
  10. ^ "City of Caldwell". Retrieved 2012-02-26. 
  11. ^ "Caldwell, Idaho skatepark". northwestskatepark.com. Retrieved 2012-02-26. 
  12. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  13. ^ "Climatography of the United States NO.81". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 16, 2011. 
  14. ^ "Monthly Averages for Caldwell, ID". The Weather Channel. Retrieved January 16, 2011. 
  15. ^ "State and County QuickFacts". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved August 25, 2013. 
  16. ^ Moffatt, Riley. Population History of Western U.S. Cities & Towns, 1850-1990. Lanham: Scarecrow, 1996, 91.
  17. ^ "Subcounty population estimates: Idaho 2000-2007" (CSV). United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2009-03-18. Retrieved 2009-04-28. 
  18. ^ "Indian Creek Restoration". Cooperative Conservation America. Retrieved 2012-02-26. 
  19. ^ Lea, Dan (2010-09-16). "Go with the flow at Indian Creek Festival". Idaho Press Tribune. Retrieved 2012-02-26. 
  20. ^ Gys van Beek

External links[edit]