Calea (genus)

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Calea
Flickr - João de Deus Medeiros - Calea rotundifolia.jpg
Calea rotundifolia
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Subfamily: Asteroideae
Genus: Calea
L.
Species

about 110-125

Calea is a genus of flowering plants in the aster family, Asteraceae. They are distributed in tropical and subtropical regions[1] in Mexico, Central America, and South America.[2]

Extracts of Calea species have had antifungal, anti-inflammatory, cytotoxic, larvicidal, antiplasmodial, and antihypertensive effects in experiments.[1] Some species are used in traditional medicine and ritual. C. clematidea is used to treat influenza. C. ternifolia is used in Mexico to treat dysentery and fever, and native peoples use it to influence their dreams.[2]

There are 110 to 125 species in the genus.[3]

Species include:[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b do Nascimento, A. M., et al. (2007). Chromanones with leishmanicidal activity from Calea uniflora. Zeitschrift für Naturforschung 62(5-6), 353-56.
  2. ^ a b Ferraz, A., et al. (2009). Pharmacological and genotoxic evaluation of Calea clematidea and Calea uniflora. Latin American Journal of Pharmacy 28(6), 858-62.
  3. ^ Pozo, P. and D. N. Hind. (2013). A new species of Calea sect. Meyeria (Compositae: Heliantheae: Neurolaeninae), Calea woodii, from Santa Cruz, Bolivia. Kew Bulletin 68, 1-5.
  4. ^ Calea. The Plant List.