Caledon, County Tyrone

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For other places with the same name, see Caledon (disambiguation).
Caledon
Irish: Cionn Aird
Mill Street ,Caledon.jpg
Caledon is located in Northern Ireland
Caledon
Caledon
 Caledon shown within Northern Ireland
Population 387 (2001 Census)
Irish grid reference H755453
District Dungannon and South Tyrone
County County Tyrone
Country Northern Ireland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CALEDON
Postcode district BT68
Dialling code 028
EU Parliament Northern Ireland
UK Parliament Fermanagh and South Tyrone
NI Assembly Fermanagh and South Tyrone
List of places
UK
Northern Ireland
Tyrone

Coordinates: 54°21′00″N 6°49′59″W / 54.35°N 6.833°W / 54.35; -6.833

Caledon /ˈkælɨdɨn/, historically known as Kinnaird (Irish: Cionn Aird (head/top of the height or hill)[1]) is a small village and townland in County Tyrone, Northern Ireland. It is in the Clogher Valley on the banks of the River Blackwater, 7 miles from Armagh. It lies in the southeast of Tyrone and near the borders of County Armagh and County Monaghan. In the 2001 Census it had a population of 387 people. It is a designated conservation area.

Name[edit]

The name Caledon appears to be a shortened version of Caledonia, the old Latin name for Scotland. Originating from the Pictish tribe of northern Scotland, the Caledonii, the term means "great, hard/tough people".[citation needed] In present-day Scotland the Gaelic version of Caledonia, An Chaillean, is an alternate name for Dunkeld (Dún Chaillean) and Schiehallion (Sídh Chaillean).[citation needed]

History[edit]

Caledon House was built in 1779 by James Alexander, a member of the Irish House of Commons for Londonderry, who had previously in 1778 bought the Caledon Estate. James Alexander was made Baron Caledon in 1790 and later Viscount Caledon in 1797. The House was begun in 1779 to designs by Thomas Cooley, but altered by John Nash in 1808-10.[2]

On 20 June 1968, Austin Currie, Nationalist Party MP at Stormont, with others, began a protest about discrimination in housing allocation by 'squatting' (illegally occupying) in a house in Caledon. The house had been allocated by Dungannon Rural District Council to a 19 year-old unmarried Protestant woman, Emily Beattie, who was the secretary of a local Unionist politician. Beattie was given the house ahead of older married Catholic families with children. The protesters were evicted by officers of the Royal Ulster Constabulary, one of whom was Beattie's brother. The next day the annual conference of the Nationalist Party unanimously approved of the protest action by Austin Currie in Caledon.[3]

Transport[edit]

Caledon railway station (on the narrow gauge Clogher Valley Railway) opened on 2 May 1887, but finally closed on 1 January 1942. Tynan and Caledon railway station on the mainline Great Northern Railway (Ireland) opened on 25 May 1858 and finally closed on 1 October 1957.[4]

People[edit]

Education[edit]

  • Churchill Primary School
  • St. Joseph's Primary School

Demographics[edit]

19th century population[edit]

The population of the village decreased during the 19th century:[5][6]

Year 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891
Population 1046 999 825 579 562 703
Houses 183 172 155 120 131 151

21st century population[edit]

On Census day (29 April 2001) there were 387 people living in Caledon. Of these:

  • 31.0% were under 16 years old and 16.2% were aged 60 and over;
  • 47.9% of the population were male and 52.1% were female;
  • 35.1% were from a Catholic community background
  • 60.0% were from a 'Protestant and Other Christian (including Christian related)' community background.

For more details see: NI Neighbourhood Information Service

Caledon Townland[edit]

The townland is situated in the historic barony of Dungannon Lower and the civil parish of Aghaloo and covers an area of 232 acres.[7]

The population of the townland declined during the 19th century:[8][9]

Year 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891
Population 28 28 38 25 16
Houses 5 5 10 7 4

The village of Caledon is in the townland of the same name and in 1891 had an area of 45 acres.

The townland contains one Scheduled Historic Monument: a Beam engine (grid ref: H7581 4521).[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Caledon". Place Names NI. Retrieved 18 March 2013. 
  2. ^ O'Neill, B (ed). (2002). Irish Castles and Historic Houses. London: Caxton Editions. p. 25. 
  3. ^ "A Chronology of the Conflict - 1968". Conflict Archive on the Internet (CAIN). Retrieved 11 July 2009. 
  4. ^ "Caledon and Tynan stations" (PDF). Railscot - Irish Railways. Retrieved 2007-09-14. 
  5. ^ "Census of Ireland 1851". Enhanced Parliamentary Papers on Ireland. Retrieved 22 March 2013. 
  6. ^ "Census of Ireland 1891". Enhanced Parliamentary Papers on Ireland. Retrieved 22 March 2013. 
  7. ^ "Townlands of County Tyrone". IreAtlas Townland Database. Retrieved 29 December 2012. 
  8. ^ "Census of Ireland 1851". Enhanced Parliamentary Papers on Ireland. Retrieved 29 December 2012. 
  9. ^ "Census of Ireland 1891". Enhanced Parliamentary Papers on Ireland. Retrieved 29 December 2012. 
  10. ^ "Scheduled Historic Monuments (to 15 October 2012)". NI Environment Agency. Retrieved 29 December 2012. 

External links[edit]