Caledon, County Tyrone
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (January 2012)|
|Irish: Cionn Aird|
Caledon shown within Northern Ireland
|Population||387 (2001 Census)|
|Irish grid reference|
|District||Dungannon and South Tyrone|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||Northern Ireland|
|UK Parliament||Fermanagh and South Tyrone|
|NI Assembly||Fermanagh and South Tyrone|
Caledon //, historically known as Kinnaird (Irish: Cionn Aird (head/top of the height or hill)) is a small village and townland in County Tyrone, Northern Ireland. It is in the Clogher Valley on the banks of the River Blackwater, 7 miles from Armagh. It lies in the southeast of Tyrone and near the borders of County Armagh and County Monaghan. In the 2001 Census it had a population of 387 people. It is a designated conservation area.
The name Caledon appears to be a shortened version of Caledonia, the old Latin name for Scotland. Originating from the Pictish tribe of northern Scotland, the Caledonii, the term means "great, hard/tough people".
Caledon House was built in 1779 by James Alexander, a member of the Irish House of Commons for Londonderry, who had previously in 1778 bought the Caledon Estate. James Alexander was made Baron Caledon in 1790 and later Viscount Caledon in 1797. The House was begun in 1779 to designs by Thomas Cooley, but altered by John Nash in 1808-10.
On 20 June 1968, Austin Currie, Nationalist Party MP at Stormont, with others, began a protest about discrimination in housing allocation by 'squatting' (illegally occupying) in a house in Caledon. The house had been allocated by Dungannon Rural District Council to a 19 year-old unmarried Protestant woman, Emily Beattie, who was the secretary of a local Unionist politician. Beattie was given the house ahead of older married Catholic families with children. The protesters were evicted by officers of the Royal Ulster Constabulary, one of whom was Beattie's brother. The next day the annual conference of the Nationalist Party unanimously approved of the protest action by Austin Currie in Caledon.
Caledon railway station (on the narrow gauge Clogher Valley Railway) opened on 2 May 1887, but finally closed on 1 January 1942. Tynan and Caledon railway station on the mainline Great Northern Railway (Ireland) opened on 25 May 1858 and finally closed on 1 October 1957.
- The village is home to the Earl of Caledon and the Alexander family as well as previously being home to Sir Pheilim (Feilim) O'Neill, the leader of the Irish Rebellion of 1641.
- John Foster McCreight (1827-1913) was a jurist and the first Premier of the Canadian province of British Columbia. He was born in Caledon to a well-established and well-connected family.
- Brian McCoy (1942 – 1975), was a trumpet player with the Miami Showband. McCoy was one of the three bandmembers killed when the group was ambushed outside Newry by the Ulster Volunteer Force at a bogus military checkpoint.
- Churchill Primary School
- St. Joseph's Primary School
19th century population
21st century population
On Census day (29 April 2001) there were 387 people living in Caledon. Of these:
- 31.0% were under 16 years old and 16.2% were aged 60 and over;
- 47.9% of the population were male and 52.1% were female;
- 35.1% were from a Catholic community background
- 60.0% were from a 'Protestant and Other Christian (including Christian related)' community background.
For more details see: NI Neighbourhood Information Service
The village of Caledon is in the townland of the same name and in 1891 had an area of 45 acres.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Caledon, County Tyrone.|
- "Caledon". Place Names NI. Retrieved 18 March 2013.
- O'Neill, B (ed). (2002). Irish Castles and Historic Houses. London: Caxton Editions. p. 25.
- "A Chronology of the Conflict - 1968". Conflict Archive on the Internet (CAIN). Retrieved 11 July 2009.
- "Caledon and Tynan stations" (PDF). Railscot - Irish Railways. Retrieved 2007-09-14.
- "Census of Ireland 1851". Enhanced Parliamentary Papers on Ireland. Retrieved 22 March 2013.
- "Census of Ireland 1891". Enhanced Parliamentary Papers on Ireland. Retrieved 22 March 2013.
- "Townlands of County Tyrone". IreAtlas Townland Database. Retrieved 29 December 2012.
- "Census of Ireland 1851". Enhanced Parliamentary Papers on Ireland. Retrieved 29 December 2012.
- "Census of Ireland 1891". Enhanced Parliamentary Papers on Ireland. Retrieved 29 December 2012.
- "Scheduled Historic Monuments (to 15 October 2012)". NI Environment Agency. Retrieved 29 December 2012.
- NI Neighbourhood Information System
- Caledon Village website
- Lewis's Topographical Dictionary, 1837
- Lewis's Topographical Dictionary, 1842