Ontario Highway 10 through Caledon
Caledon's location within Peel Region.
|Regional municipality||Peel Region|
|Established||January 1, 1974|
|• Mayor||Marolyn Morrison (List)|
|• Governing Body||Caledon Town Council|
|• MP||David Tilson (CPC)|
|• MPP||Sylvia Jones (PC)|
|• Land||688.15 km2 (265.70 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||485 m (1,591 ft)|
|Lowest elevation||221 m (725 ft)|
|• Density||86.4/km2 (224/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|Area code(s)||905, 519|
Caledon (2011 population 59,460) is a town in the Regional Municipality of Peel in the Greater Toronto Area of Ontario, Canada. In terms of land use, Caledon is somewhat urban, though it is primarily rural in nature. It consists of an amalgamation of a number of urban areas, villages, and hamlets; its major urban centre is Bolton, located on its eastern side adjacent to York Region.
Maclean's magazine has named Caledon as the safest town in Canada to live in for two years running, however, local media reported in 2010 that crime rates have increased since the Maclean's article.
- 1 History
- 2 Demographics
- 3 Government
- 4 Education
- 5 Culture
- 6 Communities
- 7 Infrastructure
- 8 Notable people
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 External links
By 1869, Belfountain was a Village with a population of 100 in the Township of Caledon County Peel. It was established on the Credit River. There were stages to Erin and Georgetown. The average price of land was $20. 
According to the 2011 Canadian Census, the population of Caledon is 59,460, a 4.2% increase from 2006. The population density is 86.4 people per square km. The median age is 40.4 years old, basically on part with the national median at 40.6 years old. There are 19,649 private dwellings with an occupancy rate of 97.1%. According to the 2011 National Household Survey, the median value of a dwelling in Caledon is $474,087 which is significantly higher than the national average at $280,552. The median household income (after-taxes) in Caledon is $83,454, much higher than the national average at $54,089.
Caledon is mostly made up of European descents. Other racial make up of Caledon is:
- 1.0% East Asian; 0.1% Korean, 0.1% Japanese
- 0.3% Arab
- 0.2% West Asian
- 0.3% Multiracial; 7.1% including Metis
- 0.5% Other
Caledon has seen some migration of visible minorities in recent years. 4.97% of Caledon was a visible minority, of which the highest percent was of Blacks 30.74%, South Asians 27.94%, Chinese 8.38%, West Asian 7.19% and Latino 6.79%. Caledon also has small Arab, Japanese, Korean and Filipino populations.
|Source: Statistics Canada|
|Canada 2006 Census||Population||% of Total Population|
|Visible minority group
|Other visible minority||735||1.3|
|Total visible minority population||4,095||7.2|
|Total Aboriginal population||360||0.6|
According to the 2011 Census, 76.8% of the town's population have English as mother tongue; Italian is the mother tongue of 8.1% of the population, followed by Panjabi (Punjabi) (1.6%), Portuguese (1.4%), German (1.3%), Polish (1.2%) and Spanish (1.2%).
Caledon is divided into five wards represented on town council by:
- Mayor Marolyn Morrison
- Area Councillor Ward 1 Doug Beffort
- Area Councillor Ward 2 Gord McClure
- Area Councillor Ward 3 & 4 Nick deBoer
- Area Councillor Ward 5 Rob Mezzapelli
Representation on regional council:
- Mayor Marolyn Morrison
- Regional Councillor Ward 1 Richard Paterak
- Regional Councillor Ward 2 Allan Thompson
- Regional Councillor Ward 3 & 4 Richard Whitehead
- Regional Councillor Ward 5 Patti Foley
Per capita, Caledon has by far the largest representation on Peel Regional Council among the three municipalities.
The Peel District School Board operates secular Anglophone public schools. The Dufferin-Peel Catholic District School Board operates Catholic Anglophone public schools. The Conseil scolaire Viamonde operates secular Francophone schools serving the area. The Conseil scolaire de district catholique Centre-Sud operates Catholic Francophone schools serving the area.
- Allan Drive Middle School (Bolton)
- Alloa Public School (Caledon)
- Alton Public School (Alton)
- Belfountain Public School (Belfountain)
- Bolton Montessori School (Private)
- Brampton Christian School (Private)
- Caledon Central Public School (Caledon)
- Caledon East Public School (Caledon East)
- Countryside Montessori and Private School
- Creative Children's Montessori School (Bolton)
- Credit View Public School (Cheltenham)
- Ellwood Memorial Public School (Bolton)
- Herb Campbell Public School (Campbell's Cross)
- Headwater Hills Montessori School (Private)
- Holy Family Elementary School (Bolton)
- Humberview Secondary School (Bolton)
- Huttonville Public School (Huttonville)
- King's College School (Private)
- James Bolton Public School (Bolton)
- Macville Public School (Bolton)
- Mayfield Secondary School (Caledon)
- Palgrave Public School (Palgrave)
- Pope John Paul II Elementary School (Bolton)
- Robert F. Hall Catholic Secondary School (Caledon East)
- St. Cornelius Elementary School (Caledon East)
- St. John the Baptist Elementary School (Bolton)
- St. Nicholas Elementary School (Bolton)
- St Michael Catholic Secondary School (Bolton)
Unlike Brampton and Mississauga, Caledon does not have any municipally-owned heritage attractions; its stories are told and its records are stored by the Peel Art Gallery, Museum and Archives in downtown Brampton.
Established in 1888 as the Cardwell Observer, The Caledon Enterprise is published twice weekly from Bolton by Metroland Media. Also based out of Bolton is The Caledon Citizen, established in 1982. A weekly paper, it is published by Caledon Publishing Ltd. A third newspaper was launched by Rick and Shelly Sargent in 2010: The Regional, published monthly in Bolton. In November 2012, this paper was acquired by Caledon Publishing and ceased publication. The Sargents began working with the Caledon Citizen.
A short-lived student-run newspaper, The Caledon Underground, existed as of 2010.
History and trails
- Brick Work Ruins (Caledon)
- Bruce Trail (Caledon)
- Caledon Trailway (Caledon)
- Canadian Heritage Humber River (Caledon)
- Elora-Cataract Trail (Caledon)
- Grand Valley Trail (Caledon)
- Great War Flying Museum (Caledon)
- Humber Valley Trail (Caledon)
- Andrew's Treasure Trail (Caledon)
- Oak Ridges Trail (Caledon)
- Hair Pin Turn (Beside the Credit River)
- Caledon Central Public School
- Albion Hills Conservation Area (Caledon)
- Alton Forest Conservation Area (Caledon)
- Belfountain Conservation Area (Caledon)
- Caledon Lake Forest Conservation Area (Caledon)
- Cheltenham Badlands
- Forks of the Credit Provincial Park (Caledon)
- Glen Haffy Conservation Area (Caledon)
- Heart Lake Conservation Area (Brampton)
- Ken Whillans Conservation Area (Caledon)
- Palgrave Forest and Wildlife Area (Caledon)
- Robert Baker Forest Conservation Area (Caledon)
- Terra Cotta Conservation Area (Caledon)
- Warwick Conservation Area
Sports and recreation
Smaller communities in the town include Albion, Alloa, Alton, Belfountain, Boston Mills, Brimstone, Caledon, Caledon East, Caledon village, Campbell's Cross, Castlederg, Cataract, Cedar Meadows, Cedar Mills, Cheltenham, Claude, Coulterville, Ferndale, Forks of the Credit, The Grange, Humber, Humber Grove, Inglewood, Kilmanagh, Lockton, Mayfield West, Macville, Melville, McLeodville, Mono Mills, Mono Road, New Glasgow, Palgrave, Queensgate, Rockside, Rosehill, Sandhill, Silver Creek, Sleswick, Sligo, Snelgrove, Stonehart, Taylorwoods, Terra Cotta, Tormore, Valleywood and Victoria. The region is otherwise very sparsely populated with farms being the only residential centres.
The town runs its own fire services through Town of Caledon Fire & Emergency Services, which has nine stations. Ambulance services are run by the Region of Peel, through Peel Regional Paramedic Services. The Peel Regional Police do not cover the town, instead the area is served by a detachment of the Ontario Provincial Police. Town of Caledon Fire Service is an all volunteer service with 9 stations.
GO Transit operates two bus routes in Caledon;
- serving Bolton, Ontario from Nobleton through Kleinburg and Woodbridge connecting with the Etobicoke North GO Station on the Georgetown line.
- serving Bolton, Ontario along Peel Regional Road 50 and through east Malton connecting with Malton GO Station on the Georgetown line.
- serving Orangeville and Brampton connecting with Brampton GO Station on the Georgetown line via Main Street/Highway 10.
It additionally has storage and service facilities in the town.
Brampton Transit recently extended Route 30 Airport Road into the Tullamore Industrial Area within the Town of Caledon, with a total of six trips per day.
The town currently has no government-supported local public transit system. However, growing population prompted former local resident Darren Parberry to start a trial bus service with two routes, called Métis Transit, which ran briefly in 2006. Caledon Township also ran a commercial bus operations in 1999 under the name Caledon Transit Incorporated, but it ceased operations due to low ridership.
Taxi service is also available in the Bolton, Ontario area.
The highways in the municipality are:
- Airport Road or Peel Regional Road 7
- Hurontario Street or Highway 10
- Charleston Sideroad or Peel Regional Road 24 (formerly Highway 24)
- Queen Street or Peel Regional Road 50 (formerly Highway 50)
- Main Street and Porterfield Road, or Peel Regional Road 136 (formerly Highway 136)
- Highway 410 to Highway 10
- Wallace Lloyd Algie, VC, killed in action October 11, 1918 in Cambrai, France
- Harry James Barber, MP
- John Knox Blair, MP, physician and teacher
- Spence Caldwell, broadcasting pioneer
- Nick Crawford, AHL hockey player
- Adrian Dingle, painter
- Fredrik Stefan Eaton, OC, businessman, diplomat
- Nicole Eaton, Canadian Conservative Senator
- Andrew Evans, pairs figure skater
- Ray Farquharson, MBE, doctor, university professor, and medical researcher
- John Flesher, MP
- George R. Gardiner, OC, businessman, philanthropist
- Helen Gardiner, philanthropist
- Jordan Gavaris, Actor on "Orphan Black"
- Aldo Guidolin, NHL hockey player
- Peter Holland, NHL Player, Toronto Maple Leafs
- John Houston, British Columbian newspaperman
- Kaitlin Howell, voice actress
- Duncan Selby Hutcheon, Saskatchewan MLA
- F. Ross Johnson
- Robert Kennedy, publisher
- Malgosia Majewska, Miss World Canada 2006
- Flight Sub-Lieutenant John Joseph Malone, WWI flying ace
- Andrew Pattulo, MPP
- Jane Pitfield, former Toronto City Councillor, president of the Caledon Heritage Foundation
- Kyle Quincey, NHL hockey player
- Charles Robinson, doctor, MPP
- William Stubbs, MP
- Skye Sweetnam, singer
- Sir William James Wanless, M.D., F.A.C.S., a surgeon and humanitarian who founded a medical mission in Miraj, India and led it for nearly 40 years.
- Statistics Canada: 2012
- 43° 51' 44" N, 80° 8' 13" W, as per Google Earth
- 43° 49' 15" N, 79° 43' 34" W, as per Google Earth
- "Where you can't get away with anything". Macleans.ca - Canada - Features. Retrieved 2008-04-05.
- Caledon news report
- The province of Ontario gazetteer and directory. H. McEvoy Editor and Compiler, Toronto : Robertson & Cook, Publishers, 1869
- NHS Profile of Caledon: http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/details/page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=CSD&Code1=3521024&Data=Count&SearchText=Caledon&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&A1=All&B1=All&Custom=&TABID=1
- "Pickering, Ontario (City) Census Subdivision". Community Profiles, Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada.
- Heyes, Esther (1968). The Story of Albion (2 ed.). Bolton ON: Bolton Enterprise. p. 323. Retrieved 25 June 2012.
- "Caledon Enterprise". Metroland Media. Mississauga ON. Retrieved 25 June 2012.
- Cheltenham Twinning Association
- Cheltenham Town Council: Other Cheltenhams
- Other Cheltenhams
- Cheltenham Township Twinning
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Caledon, Ontario.|
- Town of Caledon
- Mayors Youth Council
- Caledon Public Library
- Radio Caledon - The Home Of The B105.5 FM Bolton