Caledonia, Minnesota

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Caledonia, Minnesota
City
Houston County Courthouse in Caledonia
Houston County Courthouse in Caledonia
Motto: "Wild Turkey Capital of Minnesota" and "The Heart of Quilt Country"
Location of Caledoniawithin Houston County and state of Minnesota
Location of Caledonia
within Houston County and state of Minnesota
Coordinates: 43°37′59″N 91°29′47″W / 43.63306°N 91.49639°W / 43.63306; -91.49639
Country United States
State Minnesota
County Houston
Founded 1854
Government
 • Mayor Robert Burns
Area[1]
 • Total 2.84 sq mi (7.36 km2)
 • Land 2.84 sq mi (7.36 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,181 ft (360 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 2,868
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 2,821
 • Density 1,009.9/sq mi (389.9/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 55921
Area code(s) 507
FIPS code 27-09226[4]
GNIS feature ID 0640732[5]
Website City of Caledonia

Caledonia is a city in Houston County, Minnesota, United States and is part of the La Crosse, Wisconsin Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 2,868 at the 2010 census.[6] It is the county seat of Houston County.[7]

History[edit]

Caledonia was incorporated in 1870, and was reincorporated in 1889.[8] The town was named by founder Col. Samuel McPhail for the ancient Roman word for Scotland.[9]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.84 square miles (7.36 km2), all of it land.[1] Caledonia is located 17 miles southwest of La Crosse, Wisconsin.

Minnesota Highway 44 and Minnesota Highway 76 are two of the main routes in the community.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 470
1880 894 90.2%
1890 927 3.7%
1900 1,175 26.8%
1910 1,372 16.8%
1920 1,570 14.4%
1930 1,554 −1.0%
1940 1,985 27.7%
1950 2,243 13.0%
1960 2,563 14.3%
1970 2,619 2.2%
1980 2,691 2.7%
1990 2,846 5.8%
2000 2,965 4.2%
2010 2,868 −3.3%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 2,868 people, 1,247 households, and 740 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,009.9 inhabitants per square mile (389.9/km2). There were 1,344 housing units at an average density of 473.2 per square mile (182.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.8% White, 1.3% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.1% from other races, and 0.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.6% of the population.

There were 1,247 households of which 27.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.5% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.7% were non-families. 35.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.91.

The median age in the city was 40.5 years. 22.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.3% were from 25 to 44; 24.2% were from 45 to 64; and 20.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.9% male and 51.1% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 2,965 people, 1,223 households, and 754 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,037.1 people per square mile (400.3/km²). There were 1,286 housing units at an average density of 449.8 per square mile (173.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.35% White, 0.40% African American, 0.17% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.03% from other races, and 0.74% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.54% of the population.

There were 1,223 households out of which 30.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.1% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.3% were non-families. 34.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.6% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 24.6% from 25 to 44, 20.6% from 45 to 64, and 21.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 88.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $32,455, and the median income for a family was $45,679. Males had a median income of $30,302 versus $20,091 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,953. About 5.2% of families and 8.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.8% of those under age 18 and 12.1% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Caledonia is home to Caledonia High School. St. Mary's Catholic School (K-8), and St. John's Lutheran School (K-12) are Private Schools.

Transportation[edit]

The Houston County Airport serves general aviation in the region.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 43°38′4.74″N 91°29′49.20″W / 43.6346500°N 91.4970000°W / 43.6346500; -91.4970000