Caledonia, New York
|Area||44.3 sq mi (114.7 km2)|
|- land||44.1 sq mi (114 km2)|
|- water||0.2 sq mi (1 km2)|
|Density||95.4 / sq mi (36.8 / km2)|
|Town Supervisor||Daniel L. Pangrazio (R)|
|- Town Council|
|- summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
Caledonia's high school is Caledonia-Mumford Central School, or Cal-Mum. The school's athletic teams are known as the Raiders. Among the stores, restaurants, and public amenities are The MarketPlace Grocery, Gigglin' Pig, Pizza Land, Daffies Pizza, SPLAT, The Cozy Kitchen, Dollar General, Milex Drugs, Caledonia Library, LT Disposal, and Centerpoint Transfer.[original research?]
The Caledonia Fire Department was established in 1887, existing until recently as both a Rural Fire Commission and a Village Fire Department. Currently the Caledonia Fire District is the elected body which provides oversight and for financial needs of the emergency operations. The Fire Department provides manpower for the Fire District and holds social events and fund raisers for the benefit of the membership. In 2013 the Caledonia Fire Department responded to 233 calls for service. More information regarding the Caledonia Fire District can be found at caledoniafiredistrict.org and on Facebook.
Ambulance services are provided by Genesee Valley Emergency Medical Services (GVEMS) providing two ambulances and two advanced life support fast response vehicles. These services are available for both the village and town residents and currently housed at 3338 Caledonia-Avon Road.
The Seneca Indians had a village in this area called Canawaugus (or Conawagus); however, this village was located on the Genesee River and was closer to Avon, NY. Chief Cornplanter was born here around 1750.
The first white settlements occurred around 1795, but the first known permanent settlement began in 1797. The Town of Caledonia was established in 1803 as the "Town of Southampton," having previously been known as "Northampton." It assumed its current name in 1806 due to the influence of settlers from Scotland. Part of Caledonia was used to form the town of Bellona in 1812 whose name changed to the Town of Le Roy (Genesee County) in 1813, and in 1819, another part of Caledonia was removed to form part of the Town of York. The Town of Wheatland (Monroe County) was formed from Caledonia in 1821.
- Paul Cook, former MLB player
- Cornplanter, a Seneca leader, resided in Canawaugus.
- Seth Green, pioneer in fish farming, established the first fish hatchery in the United States in Caledonia.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 44.3 square miles (114.7 km²), of which, 44.1 square miles (114.3 km²) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.5 km²) of it (0.43%) is water.
The Genesee River helps define the east town line.
As of the census of 2000, there were 4,567 people, 1,671 households, and 1,268 families residing in the town. The population density was 103.5 people per square mile (40.0/km²). There were 1,750 housing units at an average density of 39.7 per square mile (15.3/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 94.11% White, 3.50% Black or African American, 0.37% Native American, 0.53% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 0.18% from other races, and 1.25% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.83% of the population.
There were 1,671 households (out of which 39.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them), 61.3% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.1% were non-families. 19.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73, and the average family size was 3.13.
In the town, the population was spread out with 28.1% under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 30.6% from 25 to 44, 23.4% from 45 to 64, and 10.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.0 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $46,359, and the median income for a family was $50,607. Males had a median income of $37,287 versus $28,159 for females. The per capita income for the town was $19,611. About 3.6% of families and 5.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.0% of those under age 18 and 0.8% of those age 65 or over.
Communities and locations in the Town of Caledonia
- Baker – A hamlet in the northeast part of the town.
- Caledonia – The Village of Caledonia is near the north town line on NY-5 at the junction of NY-36.
- Caledonia Fish Hatchery – A state fish breeding location by the north town line, north of Caledonia village on NY-36.
- Canawaugus – A hamlet in the southeast part of town on NY-5. It was a former Seneca village.
- Maxwell – A hamlet in the northeast part of the town.
- Menzie Crossing – A hamlet northeast of Caledonia village near the north town line.
- Taylor – A hamlet south of Caledonia village on NY-36.
- Toggletown – A hamlet on the south town line, on US-20.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.