|— City —|
|National Register of Historic Places on March 29, 2006.|
|Shelby County and the state of Alabama|
|• Total||24.2 sq mi (64.5 km2)|
|• Land||24.2 sq mi (64.5 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0.1 km2)|
|• Density||482.3/sq mi (186.2/km2)|
Calera is a city in Chilton and Shelby counties, Alabama. It is the location of the Shelby County Airport. Calera's population was 3,158 at the 2000 census, but as of 2010 census the population had nearly quadrupled to 11,791 making it the fastest growing city in Alabama.
Calera is located at .
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 12.9 square miles (33 km2), of which 12.9 square miles (33 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) (0.23%) is water.
The city of Calera was incorporated in 1887, and named after the Spanish word for "limestone" for all of the limestone deposits located in the area. As of the 2010 census, the population of Calera is 11,620.
As of the census of 2000, there were 3,158 people, 1,248 households, and 888 families residing in the city. The population density was 244.9 people per square mile (94.5/km2). There were 1,400 housing units at an average density of 108.6 per square mile (41.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 77.42% White, 19.92% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.54% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.66% from other races, and 1.20% from two or more races. 1.90% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 1,248 households out of which 33.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.1% were married couples living together, 13.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.8% were non-families. 26.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.04.
In the city the population was spread out with 26.7% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 31.7% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, and 12.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 93.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.0 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $35,650, and the median income for a family was $42,885. Males had a median income of $34,042 versus $21,750 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,395. About 12.2% of families and 12.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.8% of those under age 18 and 3.2% of those age 65 or over.
Famous residents 
Points of interest 
- Shelby County Airport
- Oliver Park
- Heart of Dixie Railroad Museum
- Peek's Auto Tops and Interiors
- George Roy Park
- Timberline Golf Course
- Historical Calera Presbyterian Church
- Ozan Winery
- Vizzini Winery
The Historical Calera Presbyterian Church was built in 1885. The church building is now owned by the city. It was added to the Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage on March 12, 1997.
The Cowart Drug Store was built in 1885. It was added to the Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage on February 15, 1977.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.