Grey Head, the northern tip of the Calf. Sea caves, and the beginning of an arch can be seen in the cliff
The Calf of Eday (Old Norse: Kalfr) is an island in Orkney, Scotland, lying north east of Eday.
"Calf" is a name usually given to a small island alongside a larger one, e.g. Calf of Man.
From the 17th to the 19th centuries, the Calf of Eday was home to a salt works, remains of which can still be seen.
The island is home to three large chambered cairns, the remains of prehistoric houses and a lighthouse.
The pirate John Gow and his men successfully raided the Hall of Clestrain on 10 February 1725, but when they attempted to attack Carrick House on Eday, they ran aground on the Calf of Eday, where they were captured.
The dominant vegetation on the island is dry dwarf-shrub heath dominated by Heather (Calluna vulgaris), with smaller areas of wet heath, semi-improved grassland and coastal grassland. The Calf of Eday supports 32 species of breeding birds and is designated as a Special Protection Area (SPA) for its importance as a nesting area. Gulls and Cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo) nest in the dry heath and grassland areas, whilst Fulmar (Fulmarus glacialis), Kittiwake (Rissa tridactyla) and auks nest on the cliffs.
Coordinates: 59°14′N 2°44′W / 59.233°N 2.733°W