Calhoun County, Georgia

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Not to be confused with Calhoun, Georgia.
Calhoun County, Georgia
Calhoun County Georgia Courthouse.jpg
Calhoun County courthouse in Morgan
Map of Georgia highlighting Calhoun County
Location in the state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
Founded February 20, 1854
Named for John C. Calhoun
Seat Morgan
Largest city Arlington
Area
 • Total 284 sq mi (736 km2)
 • Land 280 sq mi (725 km2)
 • Water 3.2 sq mi (8 km2), 1.1%
Population
 • (2010) 6,694
 • Density 24/sq mi (9/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website calhouncountyga.com

Calhoun County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 6,694.[1] The county seat is Morgan.[2] The county was created on February 20, 1854.

History[edit]

Calhoun County is named for John C. Calhoun, the seventh Vice President of the United States.

As the county seat, the city of Morgan boasts a historic Courthouse. Calhoun County hosts a single tri-colored traffic light, located in the city of Arlington, which also showcases north-south and east-west railroad tracks.

The County and its Cities hold several annual festivals. Still Pond Vineyard & Winery, a family-owned and operated Vineyard, bordering Baker County in southern region, hosts 3 festivals including a Bud Break Bash the first Saturday in April, a Grape Stomp the first Saturday in August, and a Holiday Festival the first Saturday in December. The city of Edison hosts the Billie Lane King Cotton Charity Horse Show the second Saturday of May. The city of Arlington hosts the oldest festival in Georgia, May Day, on the first Saturday of May and the city of Leary hosts the Leary Christmas Parade on the second Saturday in December. The city of Morgan holds the Harvest Festival the first Saturday in Morgan. Calhoun County is also proud to participate in the Southwest Georgia High Cotton 65-mile Yard Sale which takes place the second Saturday in November along Georgia Highway 37.

The largest locally governed employer in Calhoun County is the Hospital Authority of Calhoun County which operates 5 health care facilities including Calhoun Memorial Hospital, Calhoun Nursing Home, R.E. Jennings Medical Clinic, Willowood Assisted Living Facility and Calhoun Rehabilitation Services. Calhoun Memorial Hospital is located alongside Jennings Medical Clinic and Calhoun Rehab Services on RE Jennings Avenue in Arlington. The hospital is a 25-bed critical access hospital that was founded as a Hill-Burton hospital in 1951. Jennings Medical Clinic hosts 2 physicians and 2 mid-level providers, alongside qualified support staff, for routine primary care practice. Calhoun Nursing Home, a 60-bed long-term care facility, and Willowood Assisted Living, a 15-bed personal care home fostering secure independence for Seniors, are located in Edison.

Calhoun County Elementary School is located in Arlington and Calhoun County Middle & High School is located in Edison, as well as the Calhoun County Library. Calhoun State Prison is located in Morgan and the city of Leary has two peanut buying points. Large farms and Quail Hunting Plantations decorate the pastoral landscape and complete scenic roadways in this rural Georgia community. Calhoun County proudly supports agriculture as the local lifeblood industry.

In 2008, Arlington was proud to become home to SGRITA, a wireless broadband service that is being developed through grant participation to serve the greater Southwest Georgia area.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 284 square miles (740 km2), of which 280 square miles (730 km2) is land and 3.2 square miles (8.3 km2) (1.1%) is water.[3]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 4,913
1870 5,503 12.0%
1880 7,024 27.6%
1890 8,438 20.1%
1900 9,274 9.9%
1910 11,334 22.2%
1920 10,225 −9.8%
1930 10,576 3.4%
1940 10,438 −1.3%
1950 8,578 −17.8%
1960 7,341 −14.4%
1970 6,606 −10.0%
1980 5,717 −13.5%
1990 5,013 −12.3%
2000 6,320 26.1%
2010 6,694 5.9%
Est. 2013 6,523 −2.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
1790-1960[5] 1900-1990[6]
1990-2000[7] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 6,694 people residing in the county. 61.3% were Black or African American, 34.7% White, 0.4% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 0.1% Native American, 2.1% of some other race and 1.0% of two or more races. 3.9% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

As of the census of 2000, there were 6,320 people, 1,962 households, and 1,347 families residing in the county. The population density was 23 people per square mile (9/km²). There were 2,305 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 38.26% White, 60.60% Black or African American, 0.14% Native American, 0.06% Asian, 0.44% from other races, and 0.49% from two or more races. 2.99% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,962 households out of which 31.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.70% were married couples living together, 23.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.30% were non-families. 28.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.15.

In the county the population was spread out with 22.10% under the age of 18, 11.30% from 18 to 24, 33.30% from 25 to 44, 20.80% from 45 to 64, and 12.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 130.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 139.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $24,588, and the median income for a family was $31,019. Males had a median income of $25,552 versus $16,554 for females. The per capita income for the county was $11,839. About 23.20% of families and 26.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 39.20% of those under age 18 and 26.50% of those age 65 or over.

It should be noted, however, that Calhoun County is the location of a state prison. There are approximately 1200 males residing at the institution and are included in the census figures.

Education[edit]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Ghost town[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 19, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 17, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 19, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 19, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 19, 2014. 

Coordinates: 31°32′N 84°37′W / 31.53°N 84.62°W / 31.53; -84.62