Calhoun County, Michigan

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Calhoun County, Michigan
Logo of Calhoun County, Michigan
Logo
Map of Michigan highlighting Calhoun County
Location in the state of Michigan
Map of the United States highlighting Michigan
Michigan's location in the U.S.
Founded established 1829
organized 1833[1]
Named for John C. Calhoun
Seat Marshall
Largest city Battle Creek
Area
 • Total 718.44 sq mi (1,861 km2)
 • Land 708.72 sq mi (1,836 km2)
 • Water 9.72 sq mi (25 km2), 1.35%
Population
 • (2010) 136,146
 • Density 194/sq mi (75/km²)
Congressional district 3rd
Website www.calhouncountymi.org

Calhoun County is a county in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, the population was 136,146.[2] The county seat is Marshall.[3] The county was established on October 19, 1829 and named after John C. Calhoun, who was at the time Vice President under Andrew Jackson, making it one of Michigan's Cabinet counties. County government was first organized March 6, 1833.[1][4]

Calhoun County comprises the Battle Creek, MI Metropolitan Statistical Area and is included in the Kalamazoo-Battle Creek-Portage, MI Combined Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 718.44 square miles (1,860.8 km2), of which 708.72 square miles (1,835.6 km2) (or 98.65%) is land and 9.72 square miles (25.2 km2) (or 1.35%) is water.[5]

Geographic features[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Highways[edit]

Rail[edit]

Amtrak provides passenger rail service to the county in Battle Creek and Albion.

Bus[edit]

Greyhound Lines provides intercity bus service to the county in both Battle Creek and Albion. Indian Trails equally provides intercity bus service with a stop in Battle Creek.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 10,599
1850 19,162 80.8%
1860 29,564 54.3%
1870 36,569 23.7%
1880 38,452 5.1%
1890 43,501 13.1%
1900 49,315 13.4%
1910 56,638 14.8%
1920 72,918 28.7%
1930 87,043 19.4%
1940 94,206 8.2%
1950 120,813 28.2%
1960 138,858 14.9%
1970 141,963 2.2%
1980 141,557 −0.3%
1990 135,982 −3.9%
2000 137,985 1.5%
2010 136,146 −1.3%
Est. 2012 135,099 −0.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
2012 Estimate[7]

The 2010 United States Census[8] indicates Calhoun County had a 2010 population of 136,146. This is a decrease of -1,839 people from the 2000 United States Census. Overall, the county had a -1.3% growth rate during this ten-year period. In 2010 there were 54,016 households and 35,220 families in the county. The population density was 192.8 per square mile (74.4 square kilometers). There were 61,042 housing units at an average density of 86.4 per square mile (33.4 square kilometers). The racial and ethnic makeup of the county was 79.8% White, 10.7% Black or African American, 0.5% Native American, 1.6% Asian, 4.5% Hispanic or Latino, 0.1% from other races, and 2.7% from two or more races.

There were 54,016 households out of which 31.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.3% were husband and wife families, 14.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.8% were non-families, and 28.8% were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.2% under age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 24.0% from 25 to 44, 27.7% from 45 to 64, and 14.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 95.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.5 males.

The 2010 American Community Survey 1-year estimate[8] indicates the median income for a household in the county was $42,921 and the median income for a family was $49,964. Males had a median income of $25,712 versus $18,298 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,661. About 11.7% of families and 16.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.9% of those under the age 18 and 5.8% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

The county government operates the jail, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts, keeps files of deeds and mortgages, maintains vital records, administers public health regulations, and participates with the state in the provision of welfare and other social services. The county board of commissioners controls the budget but has only limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most local government functions — police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, street maintenance, etc. — are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.

Calhoun County elected officials[edit]

(information as of February 2009)

Cities, villages and townships[edit]

Unincorporated

Townships

Historical markers[edit]

There are 83 recognized Michigan historical markers in the county.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Bibliography on Calhoun County". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University. Retrieved January 19, 2013. 
  2. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ Peirce, Henry B. (2005) [1877]. "Chapter VII". History of Calhoun county, Michigan. Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan Library. p. 18. Retrieved 2007-02-11. 
  5. ^ "Census 2010 Gazetteer Files". Retrieved July 2, 2013. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved June 25, 2013. 
  7. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved June 25, 2013. 
  8. ^ a b "American Factfinder". United States Census Bureau accessdate=March 11, 2012. 
  9. ^ Michigan Historical Markers

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°15′N 85°00′W / 42.25°N 85.00°W / 42.25; -85.00