Caliacra County

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Județul Caliacra
County (Județ)
Coat of arms of Județul Caliacra
Coat of arms
Romania 1930 county Caliacra.png
Country Flag of Romania.svg Romania
Historic region Cadrilater
Capital city (Reședință de județ) Bazargic
Established After the Treaty of Bucharest (1913)
Ceased to exist Administrative and Constitutional Reform in 1938
Area
 • Land 4,500 km2 (1,700 sq mi)
Population (1930)
 • Total 166,911
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Caliacra was a county (județ) of Romania in the intewar period, in Southern Dobruja, with the seat at Bazargic (today Dobrich, Bulgaria).

Administration[edit]

The county consisted of 4 districts (plăși): Balcic, Casim, Ezibei (with the seat at Bazargic), and Stejarul. The county was neighbored by Constanța County to the north, Durostor County to the north-west, Black Sea to the east and the Kingdom of Bulgaria to the south.

History[edit]

The region was annexed by Romania as a result of the Balkan wars. Bulgaria managed to regain it between 1916 and 1918 (see Treaty of Bucharest (1918)), but then lost it again after the end of World War I (see Treaty of Neuilly).

After the 1938 Administrative and Constitutional Reform, the county was merged with the counties of Constanța, Durostor and Ialomița to form Ținutul Mării.

On September 7, 1940, the former county with the whole Southern Dobruja was returned to Bulgaria (see Treaty of Craiova).

Etymology[edit]

The county was named after the Cape of Caliacra (today Kaliakra, Bulgaria).

Coat of arms[edit]

The Coat of Arms depicted a shining lighthouse.

Population[edit]

According to the Romanian census of 1930 the population of Caliacra County was 166,911, of which 42.4% were ethnic Bulgarians, 23.0% Turks, 22.6% Romanians, 3.8% Gagauz, 2.7% Tatars, 1.4% Gypsies and 4.1% other ethnic groups: Greeks, Jews, Armenians, Circassians. Classified by religion: 70.4% Orthodox Christian, 28.2% Islam.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]