Calibanus

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Calibanus
Calibanus hookeri1 ies.jpg
Calibanus hookeri
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Asparagaceae
Subfamily: Nolinoideae
Genus: Calibanus
Rose
Type species
Calibanus caespitosus (syn of C. hookeri)
(Scheidw.) Rose.

Calibanus is a genus of two species of flowering plants, both evergreen succulents from dry areas of northeastern Mexico.[1][2] The APG III classification system places it in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Nolinoideae (formerly the family Ruscaceae.[3] [4]) It was formerly included in the Agavaceae (now Agavoideae) but is now separated from them, for it is polycarpic and dioecious. Its name refers to the monster Caliban, an antagonist in Shakespeare's The Tempest.

Calibanus is dioecious. It is extremely drought-tolerant, with a slow-growing habit. It has tuberous roots called caudices. The caudex can grow to 1m in diameter, with clumps of green-blue, coarse, grasslike, wiry leaves 50cm long rising from the center and arching down with age. Clusters of tiny, creamy-white flowers, sometimes tinged with pink or purple, are rigid, about 10–20cm long. Female plants bear globose, ovoid, 3-angled berries with ellipsoid seeds.[5]

Species[edit]

  1. Calibanus glassianus L.Hern. & Zamudio - Guanajuato
  2. Calibanus hookeri (Lem.) Trel. - San Luis Potosí, Hidalgo

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ CONABIO. 2009. Catálogo taxonómico de especies de México. 1. In Capital Nat. México. CONABIO, México D.F.
  3. ^ Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. Continental Publishing, Deurne.
  4. ^ Chase, M.W.; Reveal, J.L. & Fay, M.F. (2009), "A subfamilial classification for the expanded asparagalean families Amaryllidaceae, Asparagaceae and Xanthorrhoeaceae", Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 161 (2): 132–136, doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00999.x 
  5. ^ Hernández Sandoval, L. & S. Zamudio Ruíz. 2003. Two new remarkable Nolinaceae from central Mexico. Brittonia 55(3): 226–232.