Calidia (gens)

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Monument of Titus Calidius Severus.

The gens Calidia or Callidia was a Roman family during the final century of the Republic. The first of the gens to achieve prominence was Quintus Calidius, tribune of the plebs in 99 and praetor in 79 B.C.[1]

Origin of the gens[edit]

The nomen Calidius is probably derived from the Latin adjective calidus, which may be translated as "warm, hot, fiery," or "passionate".[2]

Praenomina used by the gens[edit]

The earlier Calidii are known to have used the praenomina Quintus, Gnaeus, and Marcus. Under the Empire the names Publius and Titus are also found.[3][4]

Branches and cognomina of the gens[edit]

The Calidii of the Republic are not known to have been divided into families. In imperial times, a family of this gens bore the surname Severus.[5]

Members of the gens[edit]

This list includes abbreviated praenomina. For an explanation of this practice, see filiation.
  • Gnaeus Calidius, an influential eques in Sicily, who was robbed of his silver by Verres. Calidius' son was a judge and Roman senator.[6]
  • Quintus Calidius, tribunus plebis in 99 and praetor in 79 B.C.
  • Marcus Calidius Q. f., praetor in 57 B.C., a celebrated orator and contemporary of Cicero.
  • Publius Calidius Severus, father of Titus Calidius, the soldier.
  • Titus Calidius P. f. Severus, an optio of the fifteenth legion, perhaps during the latter half of the 1st century AD[7]
  • Quintus Calidius P. f. Severus, brother of Titus Calidius, the soldier, in whose memory he erected a monument at Carnuntum.[8]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, William Smith, Editor.
  2. ^ D.P. Simpson, Cassell's Latin & English Dictionary (1963).
  3. ^ Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, William Smith, Editor.
  4. ^ Monument of Titus Calidius Severus.
  5. ^ Monument of Titus Calidius Severus.
  6. ^ Marcus Tullius Cicero, In Verrem, iv. 20.
  7. ^ Monument of Titus Calidius Severus.
  8. ^ Monument of Titus Calidius Severus.

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1870). "article name needed". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.