California's at-large congressional district

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After statehood was achieved September 9, 1850 until 1865, California elected its representatives statewide at-large — two representatives from September 11, 1850 to 1861, and 3 representatives from 1861 to 1865.

Also, from 1883 to 1885, California elected two of its six representatives to the United States House of Representatives state-wide at-large.

List of representatives[edit]

Cong
ress
Years Seat A Seat B Seat C
Representative Party Electoral history Representative Party Electoral history Representative Party Electoral history
31 September 11, 1850 –
March 3, 1851
George Wright Independent [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Edward Gilbert Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
32 March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1853
Edward C. Marshall Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Joseph W. McCorkle Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
33 March 3, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
Latham1.jpg
Milton Latham
Democratic Retired James A. McDougall sitting.jpg
James A. McDougall
Democratic Lost re-election
34 March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1857
James W Denver by Whitehurst Studio c1856.jpg
James W. Denver
Democratic Retired Philemon T. Herbert Democratic Retired after manslaughter acquittal
35 March 4, 1857 –
March 3, 1859
Joseph C. McKibbin Democratic Lost re-election CharlesLScott.jpg
Charles L. Scott
Democratic Re-elected in 1858
Retired
36 March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1861
John C. Burch Democratic Retired
37 March 4, 1861 –
June 3, 1862
Timothy Guy Phelps.jpg
Timothy Phelps
Republican Retired Aaron Augustus Sargent - Brady-Handy.jpg
Aaron A. Sargent
Republican Retired Vacant
June 3, 1862 –
March 3, 1863
FrederickFerdinandLow.png
Frederick F. Low
Republican Not permitted by the House to take his seat.
Subsequently quaified under special act of Congress[citation needed]
Retired
38 March 4, 1863 –
March 3, 1865
Senator Cornelius Cole.png
Cornelius Cole
Republican [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] William Higby.jpg
William Higby
Republican Redistricted to 2nd district ThomasBowlesShannon.jpg
Thomas B. Shannon
Republican Retired
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
March 4, 1865 –
March 3, 1883
Seat eliminated Seat eliminated Seat eliminated
48 March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1885
John R. Glascock Democratic Lost re-election in the 3rd district
(See election article)
CharlesASumner.jpg
Charles A. Sumner
Democratic Lost re-election in the 3rd district
(See election article)

Election results[edit]

In these elections, the top two vote-getters (three from 1861 to 1863) were elected to the House.

1849[edit]

The election was held November 13, 1849.

United States House of Representatives elections in California, 1849
Party Votes Percentage Seats +/–
Independent 20,481 79.44% 1 +1
Democratic 5,300 20.56% 1 +1
Totals 25,781 100.00% 2
California's at-large congressional district election, 1849
Party Candidate Votes %
Independent George Washington Wright 5,451 22.0
Democratic Edward Gilbert 5,300 20.6
Independent Rodman M. Price 4,040 16.3
Independent Lewis Dent 2,129 8.3
Independent P. A. Morse 2,066 8.2
Independent E. J. C. Kewen 1,826 7.3
Independent William M. Shepard 1,773 7.2
Independent William E. Shannon 1,327 5.4
Independent Peter O. Halstead 1,271 2.4
Independent L. W. Hastings 215 0.9
Independent Pierson B. Reading 167 0.7
Independent W. H. Russell 96 0.4
Independent J. S. Thompson 72 0.3
Independent Kimball H. Dimmick 48 0.2
Total votes 25,781 100.0
Voter turnout =%

1851[edit]

The 1851 election was held October 7, 1851.

United States House of Representatives elections in California, 1851
Party Votes Percentage Seats +/–
Democratic 48,784 53.92% 2 +1
Whig 41,684 46.08% 0 0
Independent 0 0.00% 0 –1
Totals 90,468 100.00% 2
California's at-large congressional district election, 1851
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Edward C. Marshall 24,469 27.0
Democratic Joseph McCorkle 24,315 26.9
Whig E. J. Kewen 21,460 23.7
Whig B. J. Moore 20,224 22.4
Total votes 90,468 100.0
Voter turnout =%

1852[edit]

The election was held November 2, 1852.

United States House of Representatives elections in California, 1852
Party Votes Percentage Seats +/–
Democratic 79,268 53.38% 2 0
Whig 69,232 46.62% 0 0
Totals 148,500 100.00% 2
California's at-large congressional district election, 1852
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Milton S. Latham 39,881 26.9
Democratic James A. McDougall 39,387 26.5
Whig P. L. Edwards 34,933 23.5
Whig G. B. Tingley 34,299 23.1
Total votes 148,500 100.0
Voter turnout =%

1854[edit]

The election was held September 6, 1854.

United States House of Representatives elections in California, 1854
Party Votes Percentage Seats
Democratic 95,178 58.0% 2
Whig 69,152 42.0% 0
Totals 164,330 100.0% 2
California's at-large congressional district election, 1854
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic James W. Denver 36,819 22.4
Democratic Philemon T. Herbert 36,542 22.4
Whig G. W. Bowie 34,741 21.1
Whig Cal Bonham 34,411 20.9
Democratic J. Churchman 10,006 6.1
Democratic James A. McDougall (incumbent) 9,968 6.1
Democratic Milton S. Latham (incumbent) 1,843 1.1
Total votes 164,330 100.0
Voter turnout =%

1856[edit]

The election was held November 4, 1856.

United States House of Representatives elections in California, 1856
Party Votes Percentage Seats
Democratic 101,708 47.0% 2
Know-Nothing 71,403 33.0% 0
Republican 43,139 20.0% 0
Totals 216,250 100.0% 2
California's at-large congressional district election, 1856
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Joseph C. McKibbin 50,895 23.5
Democratic Charles L. Scott 50,813 23.5
American B. C. Whitman 36,078 16.7
American A. B. Dibble 35,325 16.3
Republican L. P. Rankin 21,975 10.2
Republican J. D. Turner 21,164 9.8
Total votes 216,250 100.0
Voter turnout =%

1859[edit]

The election was held September 7, 1859.

United States House of Representatives elections in California,
Party Votes Percentage Seats
Democratic 161,106 79.4% 2
Republican 41,739 20.6% 0
Totals 202,845 100.0% 2
California's at-large congressional district election, 1859
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic John C. Burch 57,665 28.4
Democratic Charles L. Scott 56,998 28.1
Democratic Joseph C. McKibbin (incumbent) 43,474 21.4
Republican Edward D. Baker 41,438 20.4
Democratic S. A. Booker 2,969 1.5
Republican P. H. Sibley 301 0.1
Total votes 202,845 100.0
Voter turnout =%

1861[edit]

The election was held September 4, 1861.

United States House of Representatives elections in California, 1861
Party Votes Percentage Seats +/–
Democratic 180,719 56.1% 0 -2
Republican 141,402 43.9% 3 +3
Totals 322,121 100.0% 3
California's at-large congressional district election, 1861
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Timothy Guy Phelps 51,651 21.8
Republican W. L. Dudley 50,692 21.4
Democratic H. Edgerton 35,449 15.0
Democratic Joseph C. McKibbin 35,401 15.0
Democratic D. O. Shattuck 31,712 13.4
Democratic H. P. Barbers 31,591 13.4
Total votes 236,496 100.0
Voter turnout =%
California's at-large congressional election for seat added by reapportionment, 1861
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Frederick F. Low 39,059 45.6
Democratic F. Gunhal 24,036 28.1
Democratic J. R. Gitchell 22,530 26.3
Total votes 85,625 100.0
Voter turnout =%

1863[edit]

The election was held September 2, 1863.

United States House of Representatives elections in California, 1863
Party Votes Percentage Seats
Republican 194,882 69.1% 0
Democratic 87,087 30.9% 0
Totals 281,969 100.0% 3
California's at-large congressional district election, 1863
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Cornelius Cole 65,085 23.1
Republican Thomas B. Shannon 64,914 23.0
Republican William Higby 64,883 23.0
Democratic John B. Weller 43,567 15.5
Democratic John Bigler 43,520 15.4
Total votes 281,969 100.0
Voter turnout =%

1882[edit]

California elected two at-large representatives in addition to its four representatives in districts in 1882. For these results see United States House of Representatives elections in California, 1882.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Sources[edit]

  • Dubin, Michael J. (1998). United States Congressional elections, 1788-1997 : the official results of the elections of the 1st through 105th Congresses. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland, 1998.

External links[edit]