California's congressional districts

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California's Congressional districts since 2013.

California is the most populous U.S. state and as a result has the most representation in the United States House of Representatives, with 53 Representatives. Each Representative represents one congressional district.

1992: Court ordered districts[edit]

The 1990 census gave California seven additional congressional seats. Attempts by the legislature to draw up new districts were unsuccessful, as three different plans drawn up by the Democratic-controlled Legislature were vetoed by Republican governor Pete Wilson. In September 1991 the California Supreme Court took jurisdiction over the redistricting process to break the stalemate.[1][2] Districts were drawn up by a panel of retired judges.

2002: Bipartisan gerrymandering[edit]

After the 2000 census, the California State Legislature was obliged to complete redistricting for House of Representatives districts as well as California State Assembly and California State Senate districts. It was mutually decided by legislators that the status quo in terms of balance of power would be preserved - a so-called Incumbent Protection Plan.[3] A bipartisan gerrymandering effort was done, and districts were configured in such a way that they were dominated by one or the other party, with few districts that could be considered competitive. In some cases this results in extremely convoluted boundary lines.

In the 2004 elections, a win by less than 55 percent of the vote was quite rare. This was seen in only five out of 80 State Assembly seats and two out of 20 State Senate seats up for election. The congressional seats were even less competitive than the state legislative districts - just three of the 53 districts were won with less than 60 percent majority in 2004.

Results in some districts during the 2000s[edit]

California's 11th congressional district, 2003-2013. The 10th district is immediately north in Contra Costa and Solano counties.

In earlier elections, the almost evenly divided 10th district was a focus of national attention, owing to its balanced electorate with a slight Republican edge in registration and a Republican advantage in electoral participation. Since its creation in 1990, the district had been held by a Republican, Congressman Bill Baker, a former State Assembly member, for whom the district was designed. After several weak challenges to the seat by Democrats, the election was hotly contested in 1996 by a newcomer to politics, Ellen Tauscher, a candidate with sufficient funds of her own to be competitive against the incumbent. Receiving a great amount of grass roots support from local Democratic clubs and votes from moderate Republican women, her defeat of Congressman Baker was considered a great victory for what many consider a 'middle of the road' Democrat. Her district is now 'safe' (she won reelection with 65.8 percent of the vote in 2004) and the recent congressional election drew no national attention to California.

In 2006, the only Congressional seat in California to change hands was the 11th, which is made up of some of the inland parts of the San Francisco Bay Area plus portions of the Central Valley east of the Bay Area. It was taken from long-time Republlican incumbent Richard Pombo by Democratic political neophyte Jerry McNerney.

The 4th district, north of Sacramento, where Democratic Air Force veteran Charlie Brown faced off against Republican State Senator Tom McClintock to take the seat held by retiring Republican Congressman John Doolittle, was considered competitive. McClintock won by a slim margin.

The 50th district, in the San Diego suburbs, where Francine Busby (D) challenged Brian Bilbray (R), first in a special election to replace convicted felon Duke Cunningham (R), and then in the general election, probably would have been very competitive if Busby had not made an ill-considered and poorly received remark that became connected to the locally-sensitive issue of immigration: she remarked that one does not "need papers" to vote. Indeed, California law prohibits poll workers from requesting ID under most circumstances.

2012: Citizens Redistricting Commission[edit]

Proposition 11, a California ballot proposition known as the Voters FIRST Act, was approved by the voters on November 4, 2008. It removed from the California Legislature the responsibility for drawing the state's congressional districts, and gave the responsibility instead to a 14 member Citizens Commission.[4] It also required that the districts drawn up (1) comply with the federal Voting Rights Act; (2) make districts contiguous; (3) respect, to the extent possible, the integrity of cities, counties, neighborhoods and "communities of interest"; and (4) to the extent possible, make districts compact. Several of these terms are not defined in law.

Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger had earlier proposed placing the redistricting process in the hands of retired judges, which was on the November ballot as an initiative in a special election (called by the Governor on June 14, 2005), Proposition 77. The special election was held on November 8, 2005. However, the initiative was overwhelmingly defeated, with 59 percent voting no. All initiatives, including those proposed by the Governor's allies and several independent initiatives, failed that year.

The California Citizens Redistricting Commission certified final district maps on August 15, 2011, and they took effect with the 2012 election.[5] The new districts are described as more "purple" than "red" or "blue" - that is, more mixed in electoral composition compared to the mostly "safe" districts of the previous decade, where incumbents were almost guaranteed re-election. An interactive map comparing the old districts with the new ones is available via the Los Angeles Times.[6]

Current districts and representatives[edit]

List of members of the Californian United States House delegation, district boundaries, and their political ratings in the 113th United States Congress. The delegation has a total of 53 members, with 38 Democrats (including minority leader Nancy Pelosi) and 15 Republicans.

District Representative Party CPVI Incumbent time in office District map
1st Doug LaMalfa 113th Congress official photo.jpg Doug LaMalfa (R-Richvale) Republican R+10 January 3, 2013 – present California US Congressional District 1 (since 2013).tif
2nd Jared Huffman, Official portrait, 113th Congress.jpg Jared Huffman (D-San Rafael) Democratic D+20 January 3, 2013 – present California US Congressional District 2 (since 2013).tif
3rd Rep.JohnGaramendi.jpg John Garamendi (D-Walnut Grove) Democratic D+3 January 3, 2013 – present California US Congressional District 3 (since 2013).tif
4th Tom McClintock, Official Portrait.JPG Tom McClintock (R-Elk Grove) Republican R+10 January 3, 2013 – present California US Congressional District 4 (since 2013).tif
5th Mike Thompson.jpg Mike Thompson (D-St. Helena) Democratic D+19 January 3, 2013 – present California US Congressional District 5 (since 2013).tif
6th Doris Matsui Official Photo.JPG Doris Matsui (D-Sacramento) Democratic D+18 January 3, 2013 – present California US Congressional District 6 (since 2013).tif
7th Ami Bera official photo.jpg Ami Bera (D-Elk Grove) Democratic EVEN January 3, 2013 – present California US Congressional District 7 (since 2013).tif
8th Paul Cook, official portrait, 113th Congress.jpg Paul Cook (R-Yucca Valley) Republican R+10 January 3, 2013 – present California US Congressional District 8 (since 2013).tif
9th Jerry McNerney.jpg Jerry McNerney (D-Stockton) Democratic D+6 January 3, 2013 – present California US Congressional District 9 (since 2013).tif
10th Jeff Denham Official Portrait.jpg Jeff Denham (R-Atwater) Republican R+1 January 3, 2013 – present California US Congressional District 10 (since 2013).tif
11th George Miller house photo.jpg George Miller (D-Martinez) Democratic D+17 January 3, 2013 – present California US Congressional District 11 (since 2013).tif
12th Nancy Pelosi 2013.jpg Nancy Pelosi (D-San Francisco) Democratic D+34 January 3, 2013 – present California US Congressional District 12 (since 2013).tif
13th Barbaralee newheadshot 1200.jpg Barbara Lee (D-Oakland) Democratic D+37 January 3, 2013 – present California US Congressional District 13 (since 2013).tif
14th Jackie Speier, official photo portrait, 111th Congress.jpg Jackie Speier (D-Hillsborough) Democratic D+23 January 3, 2013 – present California US Congressional District 14 (since 2013).tif
15th Eric Swalwell, official portrait, 113th Congress.jpg Eric Swalwell (D-Dublin) Democratic D+16 January 3, 2013 – present California US Congressional District 15 (since 2013).tif
16th Jimcosta.jpeg Jim Costa (D-Fresno) Democratic D+7 January 3, 2013 – present California US Congressional District 16 (since 2013).tif
17th Mike honda.jpg Mike Honda (D-San Jose) Democratic D+20 January 3, 2013 – present California US Congressional District 17 (since 2013).tif
18th Eshoo.jpg Anna Eshoo (D-Atherton) Democratic D+18 January 3, 2013 – present California US Congressional District 18 (since 2013).tif
19th Zoe Lofgren 111th pictorial.jpg Zoe Lofgren (D-San Jose) Democratic D+19 January 3, 2013 – present California US Congressional District 19 (since 2013).tif
20th Sam Farr, Official Portrait, 112th Congress.jpg Sam Farr (D-Carmel) Democratic D+21 January 3, 2013 – present California US Congressional District 20 (since 2013).tif
21st David Valadao, official portrait, 113th Congress.jpg David Valadao (R-Hanford) Republican D+2 January 3, 2013 – present California US Congressional District 21 (since 2013).tif
22nd Devin Nunes, official color photo portrait.jpg Devin Nunes (R-Tulare) Republican R+10 January 3, 2013 – present California US Congressional District 22 (since 2013).tif
23rd Kevin McCarthy2.jpg Kevin McCarthy (R-Bakersfield) Republican R+16 January 3, 2013 – present California US Congressional District 23 (since 2013).tif
24th Lois Capps.jpg Lois Capps (D-Santa Barbara) Democratic D+4 January 3, 2013 – present California US Congressional District 24 (since 2013).tif
25th Buck McKeon 2011.jpeg Howard McKeon (R-Santa Clarita) Republican R+3 January 3, 1993 – present California US Congressional District 25 (since 2013).tif
26th Julia Brownley 113th Congress official photo.jpg Julia Brownley (D-Oak Park) Democratic D+4 January 3, 2013 – present California US Congressional District 26 (since 2013).tif
27th Judy Chu official portrait.jpg Judy Chu (D-Monterey Park) Democratic D+11 January 3, 2013 – present California US Congressional District 27 (since 2013).tif
28th Adam Schiff, official photo portrait, 111th Congress.jpg Adam Schiff (D-Burbank) Democratic D+20 January 3, 2013 – present California US Congressional District 28 (since 2013).tif
29th U.S. Rep. Tony Cárdenas.jpg Tony Cardenas (D-San Fernando Valley) Democratic D+25 January 3, 2013 – present California US Congressional District 29 (since 2013).tif
30th Brad Sherman Official.jpg Brad Sherman (D-Sherman Oaks) Democratic D+14 January 3, 2013 – present California US Congressional District 30 (since 2013).tif
31st GaryMiller.jpg Gary Miller (R-Rancho Cucamonga) Republican D+5 January 3, 2013 – present California US Congressional District 31 (since 2013).tif
32nd Rep-Napolitano.jpg Grace Napolitano (D-Norwalk) Democratic D+12 January 3, 2013 – present California US Congressional District 32 (since 2013).tif
33rd Henry Waxman, official portrait, 111th Congress.jpg Henry Waxman (D-Malibu) Democratic D+11 January 3, 2013 – present California US Congressional District 33 (since 2013).tif
34th Xavierbecerra.jpeg Xavier Becerra (D-Los Angeles) Democratic D+30 January 3, 2013 – present California US Congressional District 34 (since 2013).tif
35th Gloria Negrete McLeod 113th Congress.jpg Gloria Negrete McLeod (D-Chino) Democratic D+15 January 3, 2013 – present California US Congressional District 35 (since 2013).tif
36th Raul Ruiz, official portrait, 113th congress.jpg Raul Ruiz (D-Palm Desert) Democratic R+1 January 3, 2013 – present California US Congressional District 36 (since 2013).tif
37th Karen Bass 113th.jpg Karen Bass (D-Los Angeles) Democratic D+34 January 3, 2013 – present California US Congressional District 37 (since 2013).tif
38th Linda Sanchez Official.jpg Linda Sánchez (D-Orange) Democratic D+12 January 3, 2013 – present California US Congressional District 38 (since 2013).tif
39th Edward Royce, official photo portrait color.jpg Ed Royce (R-(Fullerton) Republican R+5 January 3, 2013 – present California US Congressional District 39 (since 2013).tif
40th Lucille roybal.jpg Lucille Roybal (D-Los Angeles) Democratic D+29 January 3, 2013 – present California US Congressional District 40 (since 2013).tif
41st Mark Takano 113th Congress official photo.jpg Mark Takano (D-Riverside) Democratic D+9 January 3, 2013 – present California US Congressional District 41 (since 2013).tif
42nd Ken Calvert Portrait.jpg Ken Calvert (R-Corona) Republican R+10 January 3, 2013 – present California US Congressional District 42 (since 2013).tif
43rd Maxine Waters Official.jpg Maxine Waters (D-Inglewood) Democratic D+26 January 3, 2013 – present California US Congressional District 43 (since 2013).tif
44th Janice Hahn, official portrait, 112th Congress.jpg Janice Hahn (D-Compton) Democratic D+32 January 3, 2013 – present California US Congressional District 44 (since 2013).tif
45th John Campbell (congressman), official photo portrait, color.jpg John Campbell (R-Irvine) Republican R+7 January 3, 2013 – present California US Congressional District 45 (since 2013).tif
46th Loretta Sanchez official photo.jpg Loretta Sanchez (D-Anaheim) Democratic D+9 January 3, 2013 – present California US Congressional District 46 (since 2013).tif
47th Alan Lowenthal 113th Congress Portrait.jpeg Alan Lowenthal (D-Long Beach) Democratic D+8 January 3, 2013 – present California US Congressional District 47 (since 2013).tif
48th Dana Rohrabacher.jpg Dana Rohrabacher (R-Costa Mesa) Republican R+7 January 3, 2013 – present California US Congressional District 48 (since 2013).tif
49th Congressman Darrell Issa.jpg Darrell Issa (R-Vista) Republican R+4 January 3, 2013 – present California US Congressional District 49 (since 2013).tif
50th Duncan D. Hunter, official photo portrait, 111th Congress.jpg Duncan D. Hunter (R-Lakeside) Republican R+14 January 3, 2013 – present California US Congressional District 50 (since 2013).tif
51st Juan Vargas official photo.jpg Juan Vargas (D-San Diego) Democratic D+16 January 3, 2013 – present California US Congressional District 51 (since 2013).tif
52nd Scott Peter's Official 113th Congressional Portrait.jpg Scott Peters (D-La Jolla) Democratic D+2 January 3, 2013 – present California US Congressional District 52 (since 2013).tif
53rd Susan Davis Cropped.jpg Susan Davis (D-San Diego) Democratic D+10 January 3, 2003 – present California US Congressional District 53 (since 2013).tif

Historical district boundaries[edit]

2003 - 2013


See also[edit]

References[edit]