California Limited

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ATSF California Limited combined.png
California Limited
ATSF California Limited at Los Angeles circa 1899 William Henry Jackson photo.jpg
California Limited in Los Angeles, California with engine No. 53 at the La Grande Station circa 1899
Overview
First service November 27, 1892
Last service June 15, 1954
Former operator(s) Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway

The California Limited was one of the named passenger trains of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway. It carried train Nos. 3 & 4 and ran between Chicago, Illinois and Los Angeles, California.

The line was conceived by company president Allen Manvel as a means to "signify completion of the basic Santa Fe system." Manvel felt he could attract business and enhance the prestige of the railroad with daily first-class service from Chicago to the West Coast. The California Limited, billed as the "Finest Train West of Chicago," made its first run on November 27, 1892.

The California Limited was the first Santa Fe train with Fred Harvey Company meal service. The later trains also offered air conditioning, a barber, beautician, steam-operated clothing press, even a shower-bath. The Limited was the first Santa Fe train with illuminated drumhead on its observation cars, with the train's name over the company logo.

The California Limited was withdrawn on June 15, 1954, giving it the longest tenure of any train on the Chicago-Los Angeles run of the Santa Fe.

History[edit]

1910 magazine advertisement for the California Limited.

The Santa Fe introduced the California Limited on November 27, 1892. The journey took 83 hours and 50 minutes and required fifteen locomotive changes. During the summer multiple sections were necessary to accommodate demand; reportedly 23 sections once operated from Chicago on one day. The train carried just Pullman sleeping cars (no coaches) until 1938.[1]:35–36

The Santa Fe re-equipped the California Limited in 1910 with a club-lounge, a twin-unit dining car, and new 7-2 (7 compartments, 2 drawing rooms) sleeping cars from Pullman.[2]:73[3]:41 The weekly extra-fare Santa Fe de Luxe in 1911 overshadowed the California Limited, but it remained a popular train. The introduction of the Chief in 1926 eclipsed the California Limited, although the train ran for another three decades.[3]:17

In October 1953 it was scheduled to leave Los Angeles at 1815 with coaches and sleepers-- no diner and no lounge. Breakfast stop at Seligman, lunch stop at Winslow, dinner stop at Albuquerque; next morning at La Junta it would add a diner for the rest of the run to Chicago (scheduled arrival 0830). It ran via Pasadena, Great Bend and Topeka.

Timeline[edit]

  • October 1892: The Pullman Company delivers five six-car trainsets for the California Limited.
  • November 27, 1892: Regular service begins.
  • 1893: The train receives four new dining cars designed by Barney & Smith.
  • May 4, 1896: Service suspended.
  • November 1896: Regular service resumes.
  • November 1898: Westward schedule drops to 67 hr 50 min, about as good as it ever did until it dropped to 63 hours in June 1929.
  • 1899: The Limited is reduced to four trains per week.
  • 1902: The train resumes daily service on a 68-hour schedule.
  • April 1, 1938: The Limited is suspended.
  • May 22, 1938: Regular service resumes.
  • September 4, 1945: The second section of Train No. 4 enters a siding near milepost 126 in the City of Santa Anita, California at excessive speed and derails. Some 200 people are injured, five fatally. One cleanup worker dies the following day in a freak accident.
  • June 15, 1954: The California Limited is withdrawn.

Equipment[edit]

The California Limited pauses at the summit of Cajon Pass in 1908.

A variety of steam and diesel locomotives pulled the California Limited.

In 1892 the California Limited consisted of heavyweight cars built by Pullman-Standard. Each train had:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Yenne, Bill (2005). Santa Fe Chiefs. Saint Paul, MN: MBI. ISBN 0760318484. OCLC 60557521. 
  2. ^ Welsh, Joe; Bill Howes; Kevin J Holland (2010). The Cars of Pullman. Voyageur Press. 
  3. ^ a b Schafer, Mike; Welsh, Joe; Holland, Kevin J. (2001). The American Passenger Train. Saint Paul, MN: MBI. ISBN 0-7603-0896-9. OCLC 48693895. 
  • Duke, Donald (1997). Santa Fe: The Railroad Gateway to the American West, Volume Two. San Marino, CA: Golden West Books. ISBN 0-87095-110-6. 
  • Frailey, Fred W. (1974). A Quarter Century of Santa Fe Consists. Godfrey, IL: RPC Publications. 
  • Patterson, Clyde Q. (2005). "The Wreck of Second No. 4: The California Limited Tragedy at Santa Anita." The Warbonnet 11 (2) 6-13.
  • Pelouze, Richard W. (1997). Trademarks of the Santa Fe Railway. The Santa Fe Railway Historical & Modeling Society, Inc., Highlands Ranch, CO. 
  • Strein, Robert, et al. (2001). Santa Fe: The Chief Way. New Mexico Magazine. ISBN 0-937206-71-7. 
  • Wayner, Robert J., ed. (1972). Car Names, Numbers and Consists. New York: Wayner Publications. OCLC 8848690. 
  • Zimmermann, Karl R. (1987). Santa Fe Streamliners: The Chiefs and their Tribesmen. New York: Quadrant Press. ISBN 0915276410. OCLC 19005401. 

External links[edit]