|Single by 2Pac featuring Dr. Dre & Roger Troutman|
|from the album All Eyez on Me (UK Version)|
|A-side||"How Do U Want It"|
|Released||December 3, 1995|
|Format||12" single, CD single|
|Genre||West Coast hip hop|
|Length||4:45 (Single version)
6:25 (Album version/Remix)
|Label||Death Row, Interscope|
|Writer(s)||Tupac Shakur, Dr. Dre, Joe Cocker, Woodrow Cunningham, Norman Durham, Mikel Hooks, Ronald Hudson, Christopher Stainton, Larry Troutman, Roger Troutman, J-Flexx |
|Certification||2x Platinum (RIAA)|
|2Pac singles chronology|
"California Love" is a hip hop song by 2Pac featuring Dr. Dre and Roger Troutman. The song was released as 2Pac's comeback single upon his release from prison in 1995 and was his first single as a Death Row Records artist. A popular remix version of the song appeared on his 1996 double album All Eyez on Me, the first such album in the history of Death Row Records. This is perhaps 2Pac's best-known song and his most successful, reaching number one on the Billboard Hot 100 for two weeks (as a Double-A side single with "How Do U Want It"). The song was nominated for a posthumous Grammy Award as a Best Rap Solo Performance and Best Rap Performance by a Duo or Group (with Dr. Dre and Roger Troutman) in 1997.
The original version of the track was not available on any of Shakur's studio albums due to it being intended for Dr. Dre's shelved album The Chronic II: A New World Odor (Poppa's Got A Brand New Funk). But it can now be found on Shakur's compilation of Greatest Hits and on the United Kingdom version of All Eyez on Me.
The tune was taken from Joe Cocker's 1972 song "Woman to Woman". The line, "California knows how to party", and mention of Los Angeles, the neighborhood of Watts and the city of Compton are sung by Roger Troutman. Pac and Dre mention the following other California cities in their verses and the outro: San Diego, Bay Area (includes San Francisco and Oakland), Long Beach, Sacramento, Pasadena, Inglewood and Hollywood. However, the entire chorus of the song was taken from the song "West Coast Poplock" by Ronnie Hudson & The Street People, released in 1982. Recently it was used by the NFL's San Francisco 49ers as their entrance song in Super Bowl XLVII.
Writing and background
"California Love" was one of two songs produced by Dr. Dre on All Eyez on Me—the other one being "Can't C Me". The first session of the song has three verses featuring Dr. Dre's rapping. The only copy of this session is now in the possession of DJ Jam, Snoop Dogg's personal concert DJ. Dr. Dre's first session was unedited and home-studio recorded, and therefore differs to the version later included in 2Pac's Greatest Hits as well as the "How Do U Want It" (CD Maxi Single).
2Pac first heard Dr. Dre's session while at Dr. Dre's in-house studio and asked Dre to put him on the song. Dre did an additional mix for All Eyez on Me as Dre wanted to use the original on his album, so All Eyez on Me received the remix version while the original was going to come on Dre's album.
Videos were shot at the same time for both versions and released and played seamlessly on MTV in late December 1995. The original version was produced Hype Williams with a Mad Max Theme (Part 1 of the video), the remix version starts out with Pac waking up from a dream, which is the Mad Max themed original video and is a house party celebrating 2Pac's welcome to Death Row.
In the song where Troutman sings "shake it, shake it baby", he interpolates the chant he used on his 1982 Zapp single, "Dance Floor".
Two versions of music video exist. The first video (directed by Hype Williams) was inspired by the film Mad Max Beyond Thunderdome, and takes place in a desert in the year 2095. The casting includes actor Chris Tucker (then-known only for his role in the 1995 film Friday) playing the evil tribal chief's yes-man, Tony Cox as the dwarf soldier and Roger Troutman (formerly with the band Zapp) carrying a talk box. The shooting took place in the Thunderdome set known from the movie. It ends with a cliffhanger cut by a "To Be Continued" closing. An alternative version, featuring the remix song re-cut, removes the final caption and features 2Pac and Dr. Dre naming West Coast towns.
The second video is based on a remix version of the song from the album All Eyez on Me and is a continuation of the video's story. The premise is that the desert scenes of the previous videos were merely a nightmare 2Pac was having. When he wakes up, he finds himself in his bed beside a woman. He calls Dr. Dre, who tells him to get over to his summer house because he's throwing a party. The rest of the music video takes place as if it were a home video and features several cameos, notably Roger Troutman who is now playing the piano, and guest appearances from DJ Quik, Big Syke, Danny Boy, Jodeci, Deion Sanders, B-Legit and E-40. The video was made for the remix of the song.
The first video was nominated for an MTV Video Music Award for Best Rap Video in 1996. It achieved #9 of the top 10 on MTV's 100 Greatest Videos Ever Made list in 1999. In April, 2005 it reached the Bronze medal spot on MTV2 and XXL's 25 Greatest West Coast Videos. It also achieved #1 on the French MTV's 100 Greatest Rap Music Videos in 2006 (featured from 23 till 30 of July). The first video can be found on the DualDisc of All Eyez on Me and the second video can be found on Tupac: Live at the House of Blues DVD. The first music video of California Love was shot November 10, 1995 and the second video of California Love was shot 18 days after the first California Love video was shot.
- My American Heart covered this song for the Punk Goes Crunk compilation album.
- A Swedish rock band Tribal Ink also covered this song for their debut album Surrounded by Freaks.
- The Glitch Mob remixed the song in 2008.
- On several compilation albums of Roger Troutman & Zapp you can hear a completely different version form of the song with raps from Big Robb and Dale De Groat. 2Pac and Dr. Dre are not on this version.
- Coalinga, California death metal/electronics band Faxed Head covered the song on their 2001 album Chiropractic, although changing the name to "Coalinga Love", and altering the lyrics to tell their story of Coalinga.
- A spoof version with different lyrics was featured in the South Park episode "Night of the Living Homeless".
- On Phish's Live Phish Volume 17, recorded on July 15, 1998, an improvised jam from the song "Tweezer" becomes "California Love" for a brief segment, before returning to the Tweezer Jam.
- Dubstep artist Rusko has remixed the song, called "Da Cali Anthem".
- It was performed by Justin Timberlake and Jimmy Fallon on Late Night with Jimmy Fallon.
- The song also appears on films like Iron Man 2 and Marmaduke.
- Writer – Tupac Shakur
- Keyboards – Sean "Barney" Thomas
- Percussion – Carl "Butch" Small
- Producer, mixing, featuring (Rap) – Dr. Dre
- Vocals, talkbox – Roger Troutman
- Background vocals – Danette Williams, Dorothy Coleman, Barbara Wilson
- Engineer – Keston E. Wright
- Engineer - Rick Clifford
- Assistant Engineer: Alvin McGill
- Production assistant – Larry Chatman
- Video direction – Hype Williams
Charts and certifications
"Love is Paradise" by First Base
|Canadian RPM Dance chart number-one single
March 25, 1996 – April 8, 1996
"Feels So Good" by Lina Santiago
- List of number-one singles in 1996 (New Zealand)
- List of number-one R&B singles of 1996 (U.S.)
- List of Hot 100 number-one singles of 1996 (U.S.)
- List of number-one singles (Sweden)
Notes and references
- Ascap entry for song ASCAP, accessed May 1, 2011
- "Week Ending June 19, 2011. Bad Teenage Dreams - Chart Watch". New.music.yahoo.com. 2011-06-22. Retrieved 2011-10-25.[dead link]
- Wilson, Elliott (April 2005). "XXL". Pop Shots (Harris Publications). pp. 131–135.
- "Tribal Ink - California Love". YouTube. 2009-06-11. Retrieved 2011-10-25.
- Kung, Michelle (September 30, 2010). "Justin Timberlake and Jimmy Fallon's ‘History of Rap' Duet: The Full Set List". The Wall Street Journal.
- "Australian-charts.com – 2 Pac feat. Dr. Dre – California Love". ARIA Top 50 Singles.
- "2 Pac feat. Dr. Dre – California Love – Austriancharts.at" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40.
- "Ultratop.be – 2 Pac feat. Dr. Dre – California Love" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50.
- "Ultratop.be – 2 Pac feat. Dr. Dre – California Love" (in French). Ultratop 50.
- "Top Singles - Volume 63, No. 9, April 15, 1996". RPM. Retrieved 2011-02-21.
- "Item Display - RPM – Library and Archives Canada". Retrieved 28 December 2012.
- "Die ganze Musik im Internet: Charts, News, Neuerscheinungen, Tickets, Genres, Genresuche, Genrelexikon, Künstler-Suche, Musik-Suche, Track-Suche, Ticket-Suche – musicline.de" (in German). Media Control Charts. PhonoNet GmbH.
- "2 Pac feat. Dr. Dre: California Love" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland.
- "Lescharts.com – 2 Pac feat. Dr. Dre – California Love" (in French). Les classement single.
- "Hit Parade Italia - Indice per Interprete: 0". Hit Parade Italia. Retrieved July 6, 2012.
- "Nederlandse Top 40 – 2 Pac feat. Dr. Dre search results" (in Dutch) Dutch Top 40.
- "Charts.org.nz – 2 Pac feat. Dr. Dre – California Love". Top 40 Singles.
- "Norwegiancharts.com – 2 Pac feat. Dr. Dre – California Love". VG-lista.
- "Swedishcharts.com – 2 Pac feat. Dr. Dre – California Love". Singles Top 60.
- "2 Pac feat. Dr. Dre – California Love – swisscharts.com". Swiss Singles Chart.
- Canada Top 50 Dance Tracks of 1996
- "Billboard Top 100 - 1996". Retrieved 2010-08-27.
- Geoff Mayfield (December 25, 1999). 1999 The Year in Music Totally '90s: Diary of a Decade - The listing of Top Pop Albums of the '90s & Hot 100 Singles of the '90s. Billboard. Retrieved October 15, 2010.
- "Canadian Recording Industry Association (CRIA): Gold & Platinum - January 2005". Cria.ca. Retrieved 2011-10-25.
- "IFPI Norsk platebransje". Ifpi.no. Retrieved 2011-10-25.
- "Recording Industry Association of America". RIAA. Retrieved 2011-10-25.