California Maritime Academy
|California Maritime Academy|
|Motto||Laborare Pugnare Parati Sumus (Latin)|
|Motto in English||To Work or Fight; We are Ready|
|Endowment||$3.27 million (2012)|
|Location||Vallejo, California, United States|
|Former names||California Nautical School (1929–39)|
|Affiliations||California State University system|
The California Maritime Academy (also known as The Academy, CMA, Cal Maritime, CSU, Maritime, and Maritime) is one of 23 campuses in the California State University system and is one of only seven degree-granting maritime academies in the United States. It is located in Vallejo, California. The university offers seven different Bachelor's degrees. It does not confer any Master's degrees or Doctoral degrees.
||This section needs additional citations for verification. (January 2013)|
The California Nautical School was established in 1929, when California State Assembly Bill No. 253 was signed into law by Governor C. C. Young. The bill authorized the creation of the school, the appointment of a Board of Governors to manage the school and the acquisition of a training vessel. The school's mission was "to give practical and theoretical instruction in navigation, seamanship, steam engines, gas engines, and electricity in order to prepare young men to serve as officers in the American Merchant Marine." By 1930, a training vessel and a school site was acquired; the original location of what would become Cal Maritime was California City (now Tiburon, California) in the San Francisco Bay Area.
Due to the Great Depression, the early days of the Academy were full of financial uncertainty. As early as 1933, some state legislators were calling for the school's abolition. In order to save money, the cadets and instructors alike lived and held classes aboard the training vessel, the T.S. California State. Only after the passage of the Merchant Marine Act of 1936 did the funding for the Academy stabilize.
In 1939 the California Nautical School adopted its present name, the California Maritime Academy. By 1940, the Academy was granting Bachelor of Science degrees and Naval Reserve commissions to its graduates; this step marked the beginning of the transition from the status of trade school to college. In 1943, the Academy moved to its present location in Vallejo, California.
In the 1970s, after surviving another round of budget cuts and calls for the Academy's abolition, Cal Maritime became a four-year institution. The 1970s also marked the time when the first minority and female cadets graduated from Cal Maritime.
In 1996 Cal Maritime became the twenty-second campus of the California State University system. The new affiliation improved the Academy's funding prospects considerably. The current training vessel is the T.S. Golden Bear, and is the third training ship to carry that name.
Superintendents and presidents of the California Maritime Academy 
|May 11, 1930||February 14, 1934||Emil Topp||LCDR, USN (ret)|
|February 15, 1934||June 30, 1937||Richard C. Dwyer||See Note 1|
|July 1, 1937||June 30, 1940||Neil E. Nichols||CAPT, USN (ret)|
|July 1, 1940||October 31, 1947||Claude B. Wilkins||CAPT, USN (ret)||See Note 2|
|November 1, 1947||February 15, 1955||Russel M. Ihreg||COMMO, USN (ret)|
|February 16, 1955||June 20, 1955||Carroll T. Bonney||CAPT, USN (ret)||Acting Superintendent|
|June 21, 1955||November 1, 1965||Henry E. Richter||CAPT, USN (ret)|
|October 15, 1965||October 1, 1971||Francis T. Williamson||RADM, USN (ret)|
|October 1, 1971||August 1, 1972||Edwin C. Miller||CMA 34-D CDR, USN (ret)||See Note 3|
|August 2, 1972||November 11, 1983||Joseph P. Rizza||RADM, USMS (ret)||See Note 4|
|November 11, 1983||August 31, 1990||John J. Ekelund||RADM, USN (ret)|
|August 31, 1990||June 30, 1996||Dr. Mary E. Lyons||CDR, USNR|
|July 1, 1996||June 30, 2001||Jerry A. Aspland||CMA 62-D|
|July 1, 2001||June 30, 2012||William B. Eisenhardt||RADM, USMS|
|July 1, 2012||Present||Thomas A. Cropper||RDML, USN|
- R.C.Dwyer replaced by N.E. Nichols due to Navy requirements for regular Navy officers to be in charge of Navy-owned ships.
- Early WWII – Superintendent and Master became separate positions.
- Edwin C. Miller appointed Interim Superintendent October 1971 – July 1972.
- On February 27, 1975, the title of "Superintendent" was changed to "President."
Training Ships of the California Maritime Academy 
|1931||1946||T. S. California State/ T. S. Golden State|
|1946||1971||T. S. Golden Bear|
|1971||1995||T. S. Golden Bear II|
|1996||Present||T. S. Golden Bear III|
Degree programs 
Cal Maritime offers one graduate and six undergraduate degrees, all of which are tied to a nautical curriculum. The degrees offered are as follows:
- Transportation & Engineering Management (M.S.)
- Marine Transportation (B.S.)
- Marine Engineering Technology (B.S.)
- Facilities Engineering Technology (B.S.)
- Mechanical Engineering (B.S.)
- Global Studies and Maritime Affairs (B.A.)
- International Business and Logistics (B.S.)
In 2011 Forbes ranked Cal Maritime as
- California's Number 1 "Best Value" in higher education,
- Number 2 in the Western US, and
- Number 18 nationally among all colleges and universities.
These rankings reflect
- the school's high employment rates,
- average starting salaries in relationship to a relatively low cost of attendance, and
- low average debt accumulated by graduates.
The 2012 U.S. News & World Report college rankings lists Cal Maritime as the 2nd best Baccalaureate College on the West Coast.
California Maritime Academy is the United States' only maritime academy on the West Coast.
Military options 
There is no armed service obligation attached to graduation from the California Maritime Academy. However, financial aid and additional career opportunities exist for those students who choose to participate in any of the several military programs available on the CMA campus:
- Coast Guard – Maritime Academy Graduate Program
- Navy / Merchant Marine – Strategic Sealift Officers Program
- Navy – ROTC
Cal Maritime teams, nicknamed athletically as the Keelhaulers, are part of the National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics (NAIA), primarily competing in the California Pacific Conference (CalPac). Men's sports include basketball, crew, cross country, golf, rugby, sailing, soccer and water polo; while women's sports include basketball, crew, cross country, sailing, and water polo.
Cal Maritime has a long history of athletic activities. Before it joined regular intercollegiate athletics, sports teams from Cal Maritime usually played military teams from local bases. In the 1970s, Cal Maritime began to organize its sports under intercollegiate guidelines, and the student body chose the "Keelhauler" as the Academy's mascot. Until then, the Academy's teams were known as the Seawolves. During the 2004–2005 academic year, the women's basketball team was formed and now also competes in the CalPac.
Cal Maritime's rugby program was started in 1998 and gained varsity status in 2001. Rugby was at one time the school's most successful sport, going undefeated against Division 2 opponents in home matches from 2007-2010. Cal Maritime's rugby team has been nationally ranked in college rugby, won the Pacific Coast League's Western Division Championship in 2009 and 2010, and was the runner up in the 2012 championship of the National Small College Rugby Organization.
The Academy's sailing team captured the Kennedy Cup – the National Collegiate Sailing Championship – in the fall of 2009. That victory earned it the right to serve as the U.S. representative in the annual Student World Yachting Cup championships in October 2010 in La Rochelle, France, where it placed 5th of 14.
In 2012, the Varsity 4+ of the men's crew team took first place in its event at the Head of the American Regatta. It beat teams from UC Davis, UC Berkeley Lightweight, Sacramento State, CSU Long Beach, Humboldt, Saint Mary's College, Sonoma State, and University of the Pacific. At the 2013 WIRA championships, the men's pair placed 2nd out of 16, while the men's novice 4+ placed 6th out of 19. 
Also in 2012, Cal Maritime added a Men's Cross Country Team that finished 5th out of 8 teams in the Cal Pac Conference.
See also 
- Cal Maritime archives (accessed November 15, 2008)
- Cal Maritime Administration (accessed July 17, 2012)
- California Maritime Academy. "MS Transportation & Engineering management". California Maritime Academy. Retrieved January 14, 2012.
- California Maritime Academy. "Maritime Transportation". Retrieved January 14, 2012.
- California Maritime Academy. "Marine Engineering Technology". Retrieved January 14, 2012.
- California Maritime Academy. "Facilities Engineering Technology". Retrieved January 14, 2012.
- California Maritime Academy. "Mechanical Engineering". Retrieved January 14, 2012.
- California Maritime Academy. "Business Arts – Global Studies & Maritime Affairs". Retrieved January 14, 2012.
- California Maritime Academy. "Business Administration – International Business and Logsitics". Retrieved January 14, 2012.
- USNews.com: America's Best Colleges 2012: Baccalaureate Colleges (West): Top Schools
- California Maritime Academy. "California Maritime Academy Pre-Commissioning Program". Retrieved January 14, 2012.
- California Maritime Academy. "Strategic Sealift Officers Program". Retrieved January 14, 2012.
- California Maritime Academy. "Navy ROTC". Retrieved January 14, 2012.
- Cal Maritime, Cal Maritime's Highly Successful Rugby Coach Announces Departure, August 25, 2010, http://www.csum.edu/c/document_library/get_file?uuid=1a48d66d-7506-4e55-aec4-88776bcd4a14&groupId=61902