California Miramar University
|California Miramar University|
Seal of California Miramar University
|Motto||Scientia Potentia Est|
|Motto in English||"Knowledge is Power"|
|President||Dr. Janathin Miller|
|Dean||Dr. Bijan Massrour|
|Location||San Diego, California, US|
|Colors||Dark red, blue, gold|
California Miramar University (CMU) is a for-profit higher education institution in San Diego, that offers degree and certificate programs through distance education, a combination of on-line and classroom (hybrid) delivery and traditional classroom delivery. It is nationally accredited through Distance Education and Training Council (DETC) and Accrediting Council for Independent Colleges and Schools (ACICS).
California Miramar University was approved and certified by the Student and Exchange Visitor Program (SEVP) in the Student and Exchange Visitor Information System (SEVIS) on September 17, 2012. SEVP Certified Schools SEVP and SEVIS are administrated by the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, the principal investigative arm of the United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS). CMU offers immigration status sponsorship for international ESL, certificate and degree program students through a student visa (I-20).
California Miramar University was established as Pacific Western University (PWU) and was located in Los Angeles from February 1977 to 2005. Pacific Western University operated in Brentwood, California, a suburb of Los Angeles, for its first twenty years, then moved to the Westwood neighborhood of Los Angeles, where it remained until relocating to San Diego in January 2006. The name change to California Miramar University happened in approximately March or April 2007.
According to a 2006 article in Inside Higher Education, the school changed its name because it was under new ownership and management, had changed location and wanted to emphasize that the new ownership no longer had any connection with PWU Hawaii. The article said that the school wanted to distance itself from past controversies and that it had filed for national accreditation. The university also made reference to a change in ownership and management on its website in 2007.
According to California Miramar University, CMU purchased the assets of Pacific Western University – California, including its State of California approval status, in 2005. To satisfy accreditation requirements, CMU later transferred all PWU – California institutional and student records to Education Services, which now serves as the official custodian of records for all PWU students.
On June 6, 2009, California Miramar received accreditation by the Distance Education and Training Council (DETC), and on December 18, 2009, CMU was awarded a second accreditation from the Accrediting Council for Independent Colleges and Schools (ACICS). Both DETC and ACICS are recognized by the Council for Higher Education Accreditation and the United States Department of Education as official accrediting bodies.
Prior to 2007 CMU received approval to operate from the California Bureau for Private Postsecondary and Vocational Education (BPPVE). The BPPVE was not a recognized accreditor, nor did its approval serve as a substitute for educational accreditation. State Approval meant that the Bureau had determined and certified that each approved institution had met minimum standards as established in state law for integrity, financial stability, and educational quality. To qualify for approval, an institution had to meet standards with regard to course objectives, and content of courses; physical space; equipment and instructional materials. Other approval criteria included the education, experience and qualifications of instructors and administrators; maintenance of student records; compliance with health and safety codes; and policies for refunding unused tuition and fees. State approval was also a prerequisite in order for a private institution to become accredited. California Miramar University is California State Approved by means of accreditation under the California Private Postsecondary Education Act of 2009, section 94890.  State Approval is regulated by the California Bureau for Private Postsecondary Education. (BPPE)
California Miramar University offers the degree programs and certificate programs in English as a Second Language (ESL) and Hospitality Management as well as undergraduate level degrees in the Business Administration degree program. The graduate level degrees include six separate majors in the Masters of Business Administration degree program, Master of Science degree programs in Strategic Leadership, Taxation and Trade for Executives, Telecommunications Management, and four separate majors in the Doctor of Business Administration degree program.
Controversies prior to 2006
Prior to Pacific Western University – California being sold and the formation of California Miramar University in 2005 where CMU went on to gain accreditation, Pacific Western University was the subject of criticism concerning its unaccredited nature and quality of its programs.
In May 2004 the US Government Accountability Office presented the results of an eight-month examination titled "Diploma mills: Federal Employees Have Obtained Degrees from Diploma Mills and Other Unaccredited Schools, Some at Government Expense" to the U.S. Senate Committee on Governmental Affairs. According to the report the investigation was conducted to determine whether the federal government had paid for, or governmental officials possessed, degrees from unaccredited schools. After the passage of the Homeland Security Act, Section 4107 of tile 5, U.S. Code was amended. After this act became law in 2002, the federal government could pay for the cost of academic degree training for federal employees only if the college or university providing that training was accredited by a nationally recognized accrediting body. As the basis of the report, the GAO searched the Internet for nontraditional, unaccredited post-secondary schools that offered degrees that met their search criteria. The Senate Committee official transcript references Pacific Western University in Los Angeles and Pacific Western University in Hawaii as two of the unaccredited schools the GAO found online and mentioned during the hearing.
Later that year, investigative reporters from television station KVOA of Tucson, Arizona, noted that PWU was one of seven schools discussed in the GAO report, and reported that Pima Community College in Tucson had reduced the salaries of two faculty members who previously had been paid at the PhD level based on their degrees from PWU. In a subsequent clarification of the original article KVOA reported that one of the two professors contacted the station and disagreed that PWU was a diploma mill. The professor did not feel misled by Pacific Western, as the station reported, because the professor said it was approved by the California Department of Education to be an educational institution and to award degrees.
Internationally, the media responded similarly to Pacific Western University and the GAO Report. It was reported in the Irish Independent on October 9, 2005 that the Chief Science Advisor to the government of Ireland, Barry McSweeney, had been found to have advanced his career using a degree obtained from Pacific Western University. The newspaper report stated that McSweeney had obtained his PhD in biotechnology and biochemistry from PWU in 1994 after just 12 months of study. The article went on to say "There is no question that Mr McSweeney has anything other than a distinguished track record in business. He has a degree in biochemistry from UCC and a Masters degree in clinical biochemistry from TCD. He was also in charge of the Marie Curie Fellowships, an EU-wide programme which has been credited with helping more than 35,000 scientists develop their careers. Mr McSweeney has been widely praised for his role in expanding this programme." The news article further described PWU as having "no merit or standing in the academic world" and having been "the subject of numerous official investigations, state bans and media exposés" during its 28 years of operation. McSweeney was forced to resign his position as a result although the article stated that McSweeney had made no attempt to conceal the details of his education and that he was "proud" of his doctorate and "stood over it" and that he considered PWU California to be a "respected" and recognized body." Mr McSweeny's spokesperson went on to add: "Barry stands over his doctorate.... He has a degree from UCC, significant life experience, and was the director-general of the Joint Research Institute. I can't believe you're writing this."  In Australia, a lecturer at the University of Southern Queensland was banned from using the title of "Doctor" after it was discovered that his PhD had been obtained from Pacific Western University. This article also noted that PWU was listed as approved on two California state websites.
- Earl Ofari Hutchinson, journalist, author, and broadcaster, has a PhD in sociology from Pacific Western University.
- Bingu wa Mutharika, President of Malawi
- David Reardon, biomedical ethicist, holds a PhD in biomedical ethics from Pacific Western University.
- Eddy Shell, Louisiana educator and Bossier Parish Police Jury member, held a PhD from Pacific Western University.
- Jun Tang (唐俊), president and chief executive officer in Xin Hua Du Industrial Group Co., former CEO of SHANDA, former executive of Microsoft China Co., Ltd., received a PhD from Pacific Western University in California.
- Sam Vaknin, Israeli author, lists a PhD from Pacific Western University in Encino, California, on his curriculum vitae, for study of the philosophy of physics.
- Dan Voiculescu – Romanian politician and founder of the Conservative Party (Romania).
- Romulus Whitaker, herpetologist and wildlife conservationist, reports receiving a bachelor's degree in Wildlife Management from Pacific Western University in 1986.
CMU is DANTES/VA DSST approved and offers several special programs for members of the United States Military, enabling members of the armed forces to continue their education through both distance, hybrid and classroom based learning, even while on active duty. In some cases, military experience and coursework may be accepted as transferable units.
CMU is also a member of the following organizations:
- American Association of Collegiate Registrars and Admissions Officers (AACRAO)
- Education USA
- Defense Activity for Non-Traditional Education Support (DANTES) DSST
- Military Spouse Career Advancement Accounts (MyCAA)
- Servicemembers Opportunity Colleges (SOC)
- United States Department of Veterans Affairs (VA)
- Western Association of Veteran Education Specialists (WAVES)
- Yellow Ribbon America
- College Board
- Concurrent Admissions Program for Army Enlistees (ConAP)
- San Diego Better Business Bureau (BBB)
- San Diego County Hispanic Chamber of Commerce (SDCHCC)
- San Diego North Chamber of Commerce (SDNCC)
- San Diego Regional Chamber of Commerce
- California Association of Private Postsecondary Schools (CAPPS)
- Accrediting Council for Independent Colleges and Schools (ACICS)
- Distance Education and Training Council (DETC)
- Council for Higher Education Accreditation (CHEA)
- California Miramar University Financial Aid
- History, Pacific Western University website, archived May 17, 2007
- Thacker, Paul (December 15, 2006). "What's in a Name?". Inside Higher Ed. Archived from the original on May 22, 2011. Retrieved 2007-07-04.
- California Miramar University in Guide to California Colleges and Universities, California Post-Secondary Education Commission
- "DETC 2009–2010 Directory of Accredited Institutions". DETC. Archived from the original on March 31, 2010.
- ACICS Council Actions December 2009
- Private Postsecondary Educational Opportunities in California brochure. Obtained December 17, 2006.
- California Private Postsecondary Act of 2009
- BPPE List of Approved Schools
-  BPPE Official Website
- "List of Top 10 MBA Programs in San Diego", San Diego Business Journal Higher Education Supplement, August 22, 2011: A16–A18
- Ilana Herring, California Miramar University (August 25, 2011). "California Miramar University Joins "The List" of Top 10 MBA Schools in San Diego – Published Today in the San Diego Business Journal" (press release). Yahoo! News.
- Diploma Mills: Federal Employees Have Obtained Degrees from Diploma Mills and Other Unaccredited Schools, Some at Government Expense, United States General Accounting Office, Testimony before the Committee on Governmental Affairs, U.S. Senate, May 11, 2004
- Hearings Before The Committee on Governmental Affairs United States Senate, One Hundred Eighth Congress Second Session May 11 and 12, 2004
- "Investigators: Degrees for Sale" (archived at the Internet Archive), KVOA News 4, Tucson, Arizona, November 16, 2004
- Clarification[dead link], KVOA News 4, Tucson, Arizona, December 13, 2004
- Stephen Phillips, A stress-free PhD? A snip at $250, Times Higher Education, November 25, 2005
- David Nason, Uni can't find any record of Einfeld, Australasian Business Intelligence, August 27, 2006
- Donal Lynch, eircom net Degree of doubt for Bertie's boffin, The Irish Independent, October 9, 2005
- Gov must respond to bogus PhD claim on science adviser, The Irish Labour Party press release, October 9, 2005
- Scandal forces out Irish science head, The Scientist, 6(1):20051121-01, November 21, 2005
- Accredited or Unaccredited?, by Martin Kiely, National Guild of Hypnotists
- The Buffalo News (March 1, 1995) Author covering O.J. Trial to Speak. Local section, page B6.
- Biography, Earl Ofari Hutchinson, The History Makers, interview date September 20, 2008. Retrieved June 6, 2012.
- Biography of Mutharika on Official Website of the Government of Malawi, accessed May 16, 2008
- Mooney, Chris. (October 1, 2004). "Research and Destroy". Washington Monthly. Retrieved June 6, 2012.
- Biographical Sketch: David C. Reardon, Ph.D., Elliot Institute website (accessed June 7, 2008)
- Eddy Shell Obituary, ShreveportTimes.com, May 4, 2008
- Registration Statement of Shanda Interactive Entertainment Ltd, Retrieved on 2010-07-06
- Former Microsoft chief Tang Jun fights back, People's Daily Online, Retrieved on 2010-07-07
- Sam Vaknin (2000). After the Rain: How the West Lost the East. Narcissus Publications,Czech Republic. p. 276. ISBN 80-238-5173-X.
- Biography of Dan Voiculescu (in Romanian), website of Dan Voiculescu Foundation for Romania's Development, accessed November 20, 2008
- Film Screenings, Hyderabad CMS Vatavaran 2006 Environment and Wildlife Traveling Film Festival, December 7 – 9, 2006, Indira Priyadarshini Auditorium, Hyderabad. Accessed November 14, 2010