California National Guard
|California National Guard|
|Active||July 27, 1903–present|
|Size||Authorized strength: 18,000 Army and 4,900 Air Force|
|Part of||California Military Department|
|MG David S. Baldwin (The Adjutant General)|
|Ceremonial chief||Governor of California|
The California National Guard is a federally funded California military force, part of the United States National Guard. It comprises both Army and Air National Guard components and is the largest national guard force in the United States with a total authorized strength of 22,900 soldiers and airmen. As of January 2012[update], California National Guardsmen have been deployed overseas more that 38 thousand times since 2001, of which twenty-nine have been killed in Iraq and two have died in Afghanistan.
The Constitution of the United States specifically charges the National Guard with dual federal and state missions. In fact, the National Guard is the only United States military force empowered to function in a state status. Those functions range from limited actions during non-emergency situations to full scale law enforcement of martial law when local law enforcement officials can no longer maintain civil control. The National Guard may be called into federal service in response to a call by the President or Congress.
When National Guard troops are called to federal service, the President serves as Commander-In-Chief. The federal mission assigned to the National Guard is: "To provide properly trained and equipped units for prompt mobilization for war, National emergency or as otherwise needed."
The Governor of California may call individuals or units of the California National Guard into state service during emergencies or to assist in special situations which lend themselves to use of the National Guard. The state mission assigned to the National Guard is: "To provide trained and disciplined forces for domestic emergencies or as otherwise provided by state law."
Adjutant General 
Adjutant Generals of California 
- Theron R. Perlee, April to October 1850
- William H. Richardson, October 1850 - June 1852
- William Chauncey Kibbe, June 1852 to April 30, 1864
- George S. Evans, May 1, 1864 - May 1, 1868
- James M. Allen, May 1, 1868 – Nov. 23, 1870
- Thomas N. Cazneau, Nov. 23, 1870 - 1872
- Lucius H. Foote, 1872 - 1876
- Joseph O. Donovan, 1941 - 1942
- Junnius Pierce, 1942 - 1943
- Ray W. Hays, 1943 - 1944
- Victor R. Hansen, 1944 - 1946
Military academy 
The California Army National Guard maintains the California Military Academy at Camp San Luis Obispo for the use and training of members of California and other western state National Guard units, as well as for the use of the California State Military Reserve.
See also 
- California State Militia Units 1850-60
- California State Militia Units 1861-65
- California Military Department
- Gretel C. Kovach (18 January 2013). "S.D. National Guard Unit Preps For A Final Afghan Deployment". San Diego Union Tribune. Retrieved 19 January 2013. "California’s National Guard force, the largest and most frequently deployed nationwide, includes more than 21,000 troops: 16,565 soldiers and 4,572 airmen."
- Gretel C. Kovach (18 January 2013). "S.D. National Guard Unit Preps For A Final Afghan Deployment". San Diego Union Tribune. Retrieved 19 January 2013. "California troops have served abroad in the “fight against terrorism” more than 38,000 times since the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks, in places such as Iraq, Afghanistan, Egypt, Kuwait and Guantanamo Bay, Cuba."
- Gretel C. Kovach (18 January 2013). "S.D. National Guard Unit Preps For A Final Afghan Deployment". San Diego Union Tribune. Retrieved 19 January 2013. "Since 2001, 29 Cal Guard soldiers have been killed in Iraq and two in Afghanistan. Many more were seriously injured."
- Sacramento City and County Directory, H. S. Crocker & Co., Sacramento, 1868, pp.17-19
- Sacramento City and County Directory, pp.17-19
- Bibliography of California Army National Guard History compiled by the United States Army Center of Military History
- Office of The Adjutant General
- California National Guard
- California State Military Reserve
- California Military Museum
- California National Guard Photograph Collection US Army Heritage and Education Center, Carlisle, Pennsylvania