California National Primate Research Center
The California National Primate Research Center (CNPRC) is a federally funded biomedical research facility, dedicated to improving human and animal health, and located on the University of California, Davis, campus. The CNPRC is part of a network of eight national primate research centers developed to breed, house, care for and study primates for medical and behavioral research. Opened in 1962, researchers at this secure facility have investigated many diseases, ranging from asthma and Alzheimer's disease to AIDS and other infectious diseases, and has also produced discoveries about autism. CNPRC currently houses about 4,700 monkeys, the majority of which are rhesus macaques, with small populations of cynomolgus monkeys and South American titi monkeys. The Center, located on 300 acres (1.2 km²) 2.5 miles west of the UC Davis campus, is sponsored by the National Center for Research Resources, a division of the National Institutes of Health (NIH).
Scientists using the Center's facilities produce numerous papers annually detailing their investigations into human health issues. The center's research units are focused on four primary topics: Brain, mind, and behavior; infectious diseases; reproductive science; and respiratory disease.
Through their Affiliate and Pilot Research program, CNPRC supports visiting scientists by providing access to facilities and equipment. Similarly, the Center aids off-site researchers with veterinary services from in-house professionals.
As with most federally funded research institutions, CNPRC provides educational outreach programs to the local community. They invite local elementary school students to learn about and meet the animals through a standardized two-hour program. Children and their teachers learn some basics of primate biology, and about some of the primate-based biomedical research that is performed at the Center. Furthermore, the Center provides resources to elementary science teachers to promote biology, particularly primate biology and behavior, instruction.
Incidents and controversies
- In 2009 an outbreak of a monkey-killing cold virus identified as an adenovirus infected both monkeys and humans, with the sickness killing about a third of the 65 monkeys there. Only four of the 23 sick monkeys survived the illness.
- The research center was the site of an outbreak in what is being considered the first known case of an adenovirus jumping from monkeys to humans.
- David Amaral
- Henry McHenry
- Southwest National Primate Research Center
- Yerkes National Primate Research Center
- "List of CNPRC publications".
- Jennifer Welsh (14 July 2011). "Monkey-Killing Virus Sickens Lab Workers". LiveScience. Retrieved 11 August 2011.
- Price, Michael (14 July 2011). "New Virus Jumps From Monkeys to Lab Worker". ScienceNOW (Science).
- Chen, Eunice C.; Yagi, Shigeo; Kelly, Kristi R.; Mendoza, Sally P.; Maninger, Nicole; Rosenthal, Ann; Spinner, Abigail; Bales, Karen L.; Schnurr, David P.; Lerche, Nicholas W.; Chiu, Charles Y. (2011). "Cross-Species Transmission of a Novel Adenovirus Associated with a Fulminant Pneumonia Outbreak in a New World Monkey Colony". PLoS Pathogens 7 (7): e1002155. doi:10.1371/journal.ppat.1002155. PMC 3136464. PMID 21779173.