California State Route 156

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State Route 156 marker

State Route 156
Route information
Defined by S&HC § 456
Maintained by Caltrans
Length: 25 mi[1] (40 km)
Major junctions
West end: SR 1 near Castroville
East end: SR 152 near Hollister
Highway system
SR 155 SR 158

State Route 156 is a state highway in California, USA, running from Castroville to State Route 152 near Hollister.

This route is eligible for the State Scenic Highway System.[2]

Route description[edit]

The western terminus is at State Route 1 in Castroville. The eastern terminus is at State Route 152 near Hollister. It overlaps U.S. Route 101 for 8 miles (13 km) between Prunedale, and San Juan Bautista. Route 156 passes through Monterey, San Benito, and Santa Clara Counties. Along with US 101, it is the quickest route from the San Francisco Bay Area to the Monterey Peninsula.

For its westernmost two miles (3 km), Route 156 is a freeway through Castroville, terminating at a Y-interchange with the Route 1 freeway. There is no direct access from Route 156 West to Route 1 North or Route 1 South to Route 156 East. Motorists who want to go from Route 1 South to Route 156 East can do so by using Route 183 South through Castroville. Traffic heading west on Route 156 can access Route 1 North by exiting at the Route 183 interchange and heading north.

History[edit]

The original portion of the route was defined in 1909 and ran from U.S. Route 101 to Hollister. In 1933, the remainder of the route (between Castroville and US 101 and between Hollister and Route 152) was added. It was signed as Route 156 by 1963, but was not part of the original 1934 state signage of routes.

Future[edit]

Highway 156 experiences heavy truck traffic as it serves as a primary route for moving people and goods between the Monterey Peninsula and the rest of the state. It directly links with Highway 152, one of a small number of passable routes across the Coast Ranges between Monterey Bay and the Central Valley.

Monterey County[edit]

The westernmost segment from Highway 1 to Highway 101 in Prunedale is a heavily traveled 2-lane section that has experienced numerous fatal crashes in recent years. Environmental studies are underway to upgrade this 5-mile (8 km) section to either a 4-lane highway or fully controlled access expressway. The Transportation Agency for Monterey County and Caltrans have narrowed the list of upgrade alternatives to one freeway and one expressway option. Alternative 11 — the expressway option — will add a second carriageway to the existing road. Interchanges will be constructed at Castroville Boulevard and Cathedral Oaks Road, while Oak Hills Drive will be an at-grade intersection. Alternative 12 — the freeway option — will build a new freeway to the south of the existing roadway with an interchange at Castroville Boulevard. Under this alternative, there will be no interchange with Cathedral Oaks Road or Oak Hills Drive. The existing Route 156 would be converted to a frontage road providing access to Cathedral Oaks Road and Oak Hills Drive. The environmental studies are expected to be complete in 2009, with the project slated for completion in 2015.[3]

San Benito County[edit]

San Benito County and Caltrans are conducting environmental studies for widening Highway 156 from two to four lanes between Highway 101 near San Juan Bautista and the Santa Clara County line. Interchanges are proposed with Highway 25 northwest of Hollister, Business Route 156 both north and southwest of Hollister, and Highway 101. The entire segment may be upgraded to freeway status to eliminate delays caused by numerous traffic lights currently present in the Hollister area.

Major intersections[edit]

Except where prefixed with a letter, postmiles were measured on the road as it was in 1964, based on the alignment that existed at the time, and do not necessarily reflect current mileage. R reflects a realignment in the route since then, M indicates a second realignment, L refers an overlap due to a correction or change, and T indicates postmiles classified as temporary (for a full list of prefixes, see the list of postmile definitions).[4] Segments that remain unconstructed or have been relinquished to local control may be omitted. The numbers reset at county lines; the start and end postmiles in each county are given in the county column.

County Location Postmile
[4][5][6]
Exit
[7]
Destinations Notes
Monterey
MON R0.17-101.32[N 1]
  R0.17 SR 1 south – Monterey Peninsula Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
Castroville R1.11 SR 183 to SR 1 north – Castroville, Salinas
  East end of freeway
Prunedale   Prunedale Road Interchange westbound; at-grade intersection eastbound
T5.19
95.44[N 1]
US 101 south / Vierra Canyon Road – Los Angeles Interchange; west end of US 101 overlap
  96.14[N 1] 337 San Miguel Canyon Road (CR G12) Interchange
  100.39[N 1] Dunbarton Road to San Juan Road (CR G11) – Aromas, Watsonville No eastbound entrance
    San Juan Road (CR G11) – Aromas, Watsonville No eastbound exit
San Benito
SBT 0.00[N 1]-R18.43
    West end of freeway on US 101
    East end of freeway on US 101
  3.00[N 1]
0.00
US 101 north – San Jose, San Francisco Interchange; east end of US 101 overlap
San Juan Bautista 3.02 CR G1 (The Alameda) West end of CR G1 overlap; former US 101
  7.25 Union Road, Mitchell Road
    CR G1 (San Juan Road, SR 156 Bus. east) – Hollister East end of CR G1 overlap; former SR 156 east
  R11.37 SR 25 (Bolsa Road) – Gilroy, Hollister
  R13.22 San Felipe Road (SR 156 Bus. west) – Hollister Former SR 156 west
  R16.54 Fairview Road
Santa Clara
SCL 0.00-R0.60
  R0.60 SR 152 east – Los Banos Interchange; eastbound exit and westbound entrance
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
  1. ^ a b c d e f Indicates that the postmile represents the distance along US 101 rather than SR 156.
State Route 156 concurrent with US 101 west of San Juan Bautista

External links[edit]

References[edit]