California State Route 209
Former SR 209 highlighted in red
|Maintained by Caltrans|
|Length:||8 mi (13 km)|
|Existed:||1964 – 2003|
|South end:||Cabrillo National Monument in Point Loma|
|North end:||I‑5 / I‑8 in San Diego|
State Route 209 (SR 209) was a state highway in the U.S. state of California, connecting Cabrillo National Monument with the interchange of Interstate 5 (I-5) and I-8 in San Diego, passing through the neighborhoods of Point Loma. The majority of the route was along Rosecrans Street; it also included Cañon Street and Catalina Boulevard leading to the tip of Point Loma.
The Rosecrans Street portion of SR 209 corresponded to the original routing of the historic La Playa Trail. Rosecrans Street was paved in the late 1900s through the community of Roseville, and was added to the state highway system in 1933 as Route 12. SR 209 was designated in the 1964 state highway renumbering, and a full interchange with I-5 and I-8 was completed in 1969. The designation was removed from the state highway system in 2003 and responsibility for the road was transferred to the city of San Diego.
The route began at a turnaround next to the Old Point Loma Lighthouse in the Cabrillo National Monument, near the southern tip of Point Loma. Heading north along the crest of the Point Loma peninsula, it passed through Fort Rosecrans Military Reservation and Fort Rosecrans National Cemetery before exiting the former through a gate and entering the Wooded Area neighborhood of Point Loma as Catalina Boulevard. SR 209 passed through this residential neighborhood and provided access to Point Loma Nazarene University. The SR 209 designation then made a right turn onto Cañon Street, curved to the southeast, and went downhill to the bayside location of the old La Playa Trail. At the intersection with Rosecrans Street, the designation made a turn to the northeast at a right angle onto Rosecrans.
As it continued northeast through the Roseville and Loma Portal neighborhoods, SR 209 intersected both Harbor Boulevard and Nimitz Boulevard before passing along the northwestern edge of the Naval Training Center San Diego (now closed and redeveloped as Liberty Station) and providing access to the Marine Corps Recruit Depot San Diego at Barnett Street. SR 209 continued from Midway Drive northeast to the intersection of Sports Arena Boulevard and Camino del Rio West, where the highway continued north onto the latter, terminating at the ramps leading into the interchange with I-5 and I-8.
In 2000, SR 209 had an annual average daily traffic (AADT) of 2,600 at the southern end in Cabrillo National Monument, and 61,000 at the northern end at the I-5/I-8 junction, the latter of which was the highest AADT for the highway.
The Rosecrans Street portion of the highway followed the route of the historic La Playa Trail, the oldest European trail on the west coast, which connected the Spanish settlements in Old Town and Mission San Diego de Alcala with the ship loading and unloading area at La Playa.
In February 1907, a petition to construct a railway line along Rosecrans Street from 38th Street to MacAuley Street was introduced to the San Diego City Council. By July, work was to begin on grading Rosecrans Street through what was known as the city of Roseville in preparation for construction of the Point Loma Electric Railway line. The work was briefly disrupted due to a labor dispute, but by June 1908, two miles (3.2 km) of the 2.5 miles (4.0 km) had been paved. By March 1909, railroad tracks were being placed along Rosecrans Street. The city assumed maintenance of the road on May 1, after it had been paved from Tide Street to Ocean Beach. Private citizens paid for over $100,000 of the costs, and the city was to pay for $12,000, according to an agreement made in 1904. However, by December the bill had not been paid by the city due to a lack of funds, and the construction company filed a claim; on December 29, the city agreed to pay $12,000, using funds from the water department.
The termination of the Point Loma streetcar line was considered in 1923, but the San Diego Electric Railway decided to keep it running after residents opposed the idea of using buses instead. However, by 1946, bus lines were in place on Rosecrans Street, and a petition for increased bus service to Point Loma was given to the city in October 1947.
The new divided highway known as Rosecrans Boulevard from Lytton Street to Canon Street was dedicated on June 5, 1940, and was a part of the state highway system extending to Cabrillo National Monument, which served as the western end of Legislative Route 12. Before this project, it was a two-lane road that had issues such as traffic congestion and flooding. A monument marking La Playa Trail at Avenida de Portugal and Rosecrans Street that had been installed in 1934 was removed by the construction in the 1940s; however, a replacement was installed in 2010. Another of the six monuments was moved out of the median near the Midway Drive intersection to a commercial area that same year. During the 1950s, the route from Lytton Street and Rosecrans Street to Pacific Highway was considered a part of US 80.
SR 209 was designated in the 1964 state highway renumbering. Plans for an interchange between I-5, I-8, SR 209, and SR 109 date from 1965, although several concerns had to be taken into account, including the preservation of historical Old Town and keeping traffic through the area moving during construction. The goal was to begin construction in 1966, and complete the interchange in 1969. There were concerns about a $3 billion shortfall in funding during May 1966, which caused the San Diego Chamber of Commerce Highway Committee to recommend the completion of SR 109 as a project.
Construction had begun on September 22, 1966, and the interchange was to replace the intersection of Pacific Highway and Rosecrans Street. The cost of the interchange was projected to be $10.86 million. The eight-lane freeway was projected to relieve traffic in the Frontier Street area coming from the San Diego Sports Arena. Completion of both the interchange and SR 109 was planned for early 1969. The ramp from south I-5 to Camino del Rio opened in February 1968, with the remainder of the project to be completed in summer 1969. The entire project was completed in September, with the road scheduled to open in October; just a few months before, the routing of SR 209 had been determined. The routing of SR 109 was officially added to I-8 in 1972.
Except where prefixed with a letter, postmiles were measured on the road as it was in 1964, and do not necessarily reflect current mileage. R reflects a realignment in the route since then. The entire route was in San Diego, San Diego County.
|0.21||Cabrillo National Monument|
|4.68||Rosecrans Street, Canon Street|
|5.05||Harbor Drive – San Diego International Airport, Harbor Island|
|7.29||Rosecrans Street, Pacific Highway, Sports Arena Boulevard – Mission Bay Park|
|R7.76||I‑5 north (San Diego Freeway) – Los Angeles||Interchange; northbound exit and southbound entrance|
|R7.76||I‑8 east – El Centro||Interchange; northbound exit and southbound entrance|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
- "All Traffic Volumes on CSHS". California Department of Transportation. 1996. Retrieved February 10, 2008.
- Thomas Brothers (1998). San Diego County Road Atlas (Map). pp. 1268, 1287–1288, 1308.
- Staff (2000). "All Traffic Volumes on CSHS". California Department of Transportation. Archived from the original on August 23, 2013. Retrieved August 23, 2013.
- Hall, Matthew T. (November 24, 2010). "Marking time on the La Playa Trail; Monument to days gone by has moved". San Diego Union Tribune. Retrieved October 14, 2012.
- Scott, Byron (July 1940). "Old La Playa Trail Becomes Modern 4-Lane Divided Highway". California Highways and Public Works 18 (7): 10.
- Staff (February 1, 1907). "Both Franchise Petitions Denied". The San Diego Union and Daily Bee. p. 9.
- Staff (July 7, 1907). "Begins Grading Work For Point Loma Line". The San Diego Union and Daily Bee. p. 12.
- Staff (June 19, 1908). "Rosecrans Street Grading Resumed". The San Diego Union and Daily Bee. p. 14.
- Staff (March 6, 1909). "Tracklayers Making Speedy Process". The San Diego Union and Daily Bee. p. 7.
- Staff (May 2, 1909). "New Point Loma Boulevard is Turned Over to City". The San Diego Union and Daily Bee. p. 10.
- Staff (April 23, 1909). "Street Work Pay is Puzzle". The San Diego Union and Daily Bee. p. 8.
- Staff (December 30, 1909). "City Will Settle Boulevard Claim". The San Diego Union and Daily Bee. p. 9.
- Staff (September 14, 1923). "Street Car Line Will Remain in Suburban Towns". The San Diego Union. p. 20.
- "Luckel Asks Bus Change on Point". The San Diego Union. December 5, 1946. p. A4.
- Staff (October 21, 1947). "Luckel Submits 500 Names on Bus Petition". The San Diego Union. p. A6.
- Gonzalez, Blanca (May 6, 2010). "New monument marks part of historic trail". San Diego Union-Tribune. pp. EZ1, EZ3.
- Hall, Matthew (November 27, 2010). "La Playa Trail Marker Moved from Median". San Diego Union-Tribune. p. B2.
- Staff (August 19, 1962). "Discussion Due On Routes For Two Major Freeways". The San Diego Union. p. A16.
- California State Legislature (1963). "An act...relating to routes on the state highway system". State of California. 1963 chapter 385.
- Staff (March 16, 1965). "$11 Million Interchange Projected". The San Diego Union. p. A15.
- Staff (May 11, 1966). "Fund Loss Feared For State Highways Under Transit Plan". The San Diego Union. p. A22.
- Brown, Joe (March 26, 1967). "'Stack' Like Plate Of Spaghetti". The San Diego Union. p. B1.
- Staff (February 27, 1968). "Interstate 5 and 8 Ramps to Close". The San Diego Union. p. C1.
- Staff (August 3, 1968). "Interstate 5-8 Revisions Due On Monday". The San Diego Union. p. B1.
- Scarr, Lew (September 26, 1969). "Dedication Of Ocean Beach Freeway Slated". The San Diego Union. p. B1.
- James, Paul (July 13, 1966). "New Routes Set To Aid Point Loma Traffic Flow". The San Diego Union. p. A1.
- California State Legislature (1972). "An act to amend...the Streets and Highways Code, relating to state highways". State of California. 1972 chapter 1216.
- Staff (September 2, 1971). "State Asked To Name New Routes". The San Diego Union. p. B3.
- California State Legislature (2003). "An act...relating to transportation". State of California. 2003 chapter 525.
- Staff. "State Truck Route List" (XLS file). California Department of Transportation. Retrieved August 21, 2012.
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